Train­ing Gen­eral Prac­ti­tion­ers

Ori­en­tal Out­look May 31

Beijing Review - - This Week People & Points -

The gen­eral prac­ti­tioner—a doc­tor who is trained to pro­vide pri­mary health­care to pa­tients of ei­ther gen­der and any age—is a new con­cept in China. And the train­ing of gen­eral prac­ti­tion­ers is be­com­ing in­creas­ingly ur­gent as part of China’s on­go­ing med­i­cal re­form.

The lat­est round of med­i­cal re­form in­tro­duced in 2009 aimed to adopt a mul­ti­layer di­ag­no­sis and treat­ment mech­a­nism. Dis­eases are cat­e­go­rized ac­cord­ing to their sever­ity and ac­cord­ingly treated at dif­fer­ent lev­els of med­i­cal in­sti­tu­tions.

The suc­cess of the re­form de­pends on the qual­ity of com­mu­nity-level med­i­cal in­sti­tu­tions be­cause if pa­tients can bring their chronic ill­nesses un­der con­trol with the guid­ance and treat­ment of gen­eral prac­ti­tion­ers at these in­sti­tu­tions, then the pres­sure on large hos­pi­tals will be re­duced. Gen­eral prac­ti­tion­ers make up the ma­jor­ity of med­i­cal staff at com­mu­nity-level hos­pi­tals, and so in­creas­ing their num­ber and im­prov­ing their com­pe­tence are cru­cial for the de­vel­op­ment of China’s med­i­cal in­dus­try. At present, 500,000 new gen­eral prac­ti­tion­ers need to be trained to meet the goal of five prac­ti­tion­ers for ev­ery 10,000

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