19th cen­tury U.S. patent mod­els on dis­play

Changjiang Weekly - - CULTURE - By Wang Zhen

The ex­hi­bi­tion en­ti­tled "Spirit of In­ven­tion: Nine­teenth Cen­tury U.S. Patent Mod­els from the Ha­gley Mu­seum and Li­brary" is cur­rently on dis­play at Yangtze River Civ­i­liza­tion Mu­seum, lo­cated in Wuhan Gar­den Expo Park.

The ex­hi­bi­tion presents 60 of Ha­gley's patent mod­els, dat­ing from 1836 to 1890. It cov­ers a broad spec­trum of in­dus­tries, in­clud­ing the ar­eas of en­gines, trans­porta­tion, print, light in­dus­try, and min­ing. It show­cases sto­ries of each in­ven­tion and chron­i­cles the de­vel­op­ment of the U.S. patent and in­tel­lec­tual prop­erty sys­tem in the 1800s.

High­lighted mod­els in­clude an im­proved ice cream freezer in­vented in 1877 and an im­proved wash­ing ma­chine cre­ated in 1871. The ex­hi­bi­tion also in­cludes the first Amer­i­can patent li­cense is­sued in 1797.

Ts­inghua Univer­sity, or­ga­nizer of the ex­hi­bi­tion, said that in­ven­tors at that time had to sub­mit mod­els when ap­ply­ing for patents. To im­press patent ex­am­in­ers, in­ven­tors would nor­mally hire crafts­men to help make ex­quis­ite patent mod­els.

The ex­hi­bi­tion will con­tinue through Septem­ber 24 in Wuhan, the last stop of Ha­gley's trav­el­ing ex­hi­bi­tion in China. Ha­gley boasts the world's larges t pri­vate col­lec­tion of patent mod­els.

Photo by He Xiao­gang

Model of an im­proved ice cream freezer

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