The Development Measurement and Path Optimization of the National Economic and Technological Development Areas in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei
（Capital University of Economics and Business，Beijing100070，China）
Abstract：The National Economic and Technological Development Areas in Beijing- Tian- Hebei are the important carrier and strong force for Beijing- Tian- Hebei to establish the world- level industrial cluster. We can establish the evaluation index system for these development areas from such two dimensions as position function and development level，and comprehensively apply the qualitative，quantitative and spatial analysis methods to measure the position function and development level of the 13 development areas in Beijing- Tian- Hebei. Generally speaking，these 13 development areas can play the promotion role from such three aspects as science and technological leading，industrial supporting，and economic leading；from the internal structure， Beijing，Tianjin and Shijiazhuang development areas have the highest development level，among them，Tianjin development area has the most strong strength，and enterprises in Beijing development area have the most optimized innovative vitality；from spatial arrangement，industries in Beijing，Tianjin and Hebei demonstrates the spatial arrangement characteristic of“one axis， one belt，and multipoint”. The highlighted problems with development areas in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei are the significant gaps in terms of strength，the insufficient industrial agglomeration and capacity for connection，and the lack of resources integration and factor sharing mechanism. In the future，first，we should perfect the innovative system，establish the innovation highland，and give full play to the leading role of innovation；second，we should promote industrial linkage，establish the highland for hightech industries，and improve the capacity for industrial supporting；and third，we should promote factor integration，foster the overall advantages，and give full play to the role of regional engine.
Key words：Beijing- Tianjin- Hebei；National Economic and Technological Development Area；industrial spatial arrange⁃