Option Contract Model of Logistics Service Supply Chain Considering Reliability

China Business and Market - - CHINA BUSINESS AND MARKET - LIU Yan-qiu and Cai Chao

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责任编辑:陈诗静

(Shenyang University of Technology,Shenyang,Liaoning110870,China)

Abstract:Reliability degree,the result of logistic providers’effort,will potentially have significant influence on the coordination of logistic service supply chain. Because of this,to reduce supply chain risk and solve the problem of the coordination and optimization of logistic service supply chain,we should establish the relation between reliability and cost based on the theory of principle- agent to combine suppliers’reliability and supply chain option contract and establish the option contract model of logistics service supply chain considering reliability by taking reliability as a kind of risk and option as a kind of effective risk control tool. For the coordination problem of the secondary logistic service supply chain,we should take advantage this model to analyze the impact of reliability and option contract on the coordination of logistics service providers. It is found that:option contract considering reliability can make the supply chain to realize perfect coordination and increase the expected profit;the level of suppliers’reliability is positively correlated with option premium,and negatively correlated with order quantity of the logistics capacity at the beginning of the period. In addition,for the additional profit generated by the logistics service supply chain under the option contract,the additional profit distribution coefficient is positively correlated with the reliability level.

Key words:logistics

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