US probe to escalate solar panel war
The solar- industry war between China and the United States escalated further when the US Commerce Department announced on Thursday the start of a new investigation of certain solar industry products from the Chinese mainland and Taiwan.
The US Commerce Department’s announcement covers anti-dumping (AD) investigations of imports of certain crystalline silicon photovoltaic products from the Chinese mainland and Taiwan as well as a countervailing duty (CVD) investigation of imports of certain crystalline silicon photovoltaic products from the Chinese mainland.
The anti-dumping AD investigations are to determine find whether a foreign company sells a product in the US at less than its fair value. The countervailing duty while CVD investigations aim to detect whether financial assistance from foreign governments benefits the production of goods from foreign firms and isare limited to specific enterprises or industries, or isare contingent either upon export performance or upon the use of domestic goods over imported goods.
SolarWorld Industries America Inc, an Oregon-based subsidiary of a German company, filed a petition to the Commerce Department. It claimed that loopholes in a 2012 tariff decision allow Chinese mainland solar-panel manufacturers to avoid avert US penalties by using solar cells made in Taiwan.
In 2012, US imports of certain crystalline silicon photovoltaic products from the Chinese mainland and Taiwan were valued at an estimated $2.1 billion and $513.5 million, respectively, according to the Commerce Department.
The International Trade Commission under the department is scheduled to make its preliminary injury determinations on or before Feb 14. If it finds determines that there is a reasonable indication that imports injure or threaten material injury to US domestic industry, the investigation will continue and the Commerce Department will be scheduled to make its preliminary countervailing duty CVD determination in March and its preliminary anti-dumping AD determinations in June. If the ITC preliminary determinations are negative, the investigations will be terminated.
Following SolarWorld’s Industries America petition, the Solar Energy Industries Association(SEIA, Washington DC) President and CEO Rhone Resch issued a statement on Dec 31, opposing an escalation of the US-China solar trade conflict.
“More litigation is the wrong approach. Trade litigation is a blunt instrument and, alone, incapable of resolving the complex competitiveness issues that exist between the US and Chinese solar industries,” Resch said.
“It’s time to end this conflict and negotiations must play a role,”he said.
the European area”.
Tesla is also looking to develop a Supercharger network in China to enable owners to travel long distances between major cities such as Beijing and Shanghai.
The road for Tesla hasn’t been smooth since it entered China last year. A local Chinese businessman has already secured rights to use the name Union had also engaged in a war in the last past two years over of alleged Chinese dumping of solar panels in Europe. A But a final showdown was averted in December when both compromised for a deal.
Commerce’s The Thursday announcement by the Commerce Department was originally expected to be made on Tuesday, but a major snow storm that day forced caused closure of the federal government to close.
The announcement came just three days after a Monday decision by China’s Commerce Ministry decided Monday to impose five-year duties on solar-grade polysilicon imports from the US and South Korea. Solar-grade polysilicon is an important material for making solar cells.
Under the decision, effective immediately after the announcement, China applies anti-subsidy duties of up to 2.1 percent and anti-dumping duties from 53.3 percent to 57 percent on polysilicon imports from the US. The duties for imports from South Korea are Tesla in the country, meaning the maker of the best-selling US electric car still lacks a Chinese name.
Musk said negotiations aimed at resolving the dispute are proceeding. About half of the matters at issue have been resolved, he said. “The Chinese authority has been very helpful and it is been very good working with them,” he said. set at between 2.4 percent and to 48.7 percent.
The decision came after China started to levy provisional duties on polysilicon imports from the two countries last year. Pafter preliminary investigations found that US and South Korean exporters dumped their products on Chinese market, causing substantial harm to Chinese producers.
Such a tit-for-tat trade war has been going on for some times. In 2012, the US imposed anti-dumping and countervailing duties on crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells from China. The decision has led to factory closures and the loss of many jobs in China.
The US Commerce Department claimed that Chinese producers and exporters sold solar cells in the US market at dumping margins ranging from 18.32 percent to 249.96 percent, and they received countervailingable subsidies of 14.78 percent to 15.97 percent. Xinhua and Bloomberg contributed to the reporting
Theodore O’Neill, managing director at Litchfield Hills Research, said the “biggest challenge” for Tesla will be “to keep its design from being copied.”
“I think the Chinese have a deep appreciation for design and engineering excellence and I think the Tesla Model S has a rare combination of both,” O’Neill said in an interview.
Chinese scholar Jia Qingguo (left), speaks at a panel on Wednesday in New York while Japanese scholar Yoshihid listens.