JIAOZI’S NEW CHIC
Once basic festival fare, the boiled dumpling finds its way to discriminating kitchens and palates, Ye Jun finds.
Jiaozi restaurants are becoming more refined. That’s the impression I get from a few recent visits to eateries that specialize in jiaozi, or boiled dumpling. Jiaozi is one of China’s national staples, evolving from a food for important occasions such as Spring Festival to a popular snack food in specialized restaurants.
Jiaozi is an all-time classic, with 2,000 years of history. People eat it at such lunar times as Liqiu, the start of autumn, Dongzhi, the start of winter, and Sanfu, the hottest period of summer. So it is fair to say it is a food for all seasons.
A jiaozi snack restaurant once mostly offered a big variety of dumplings, while serving some simple cold or hot dishes. Decoration was usually simple, if not a bit shabby.
But a recent visit to Yixuan, a specialized jiaozi restaurant, changed my expectations. The restaurant is beautiful and comfortable. Waitresses appear in good-looking traditional dresses.
The restaurant is constantly full for dinner, so we stood in line for 10 minutes before getting seated. A friend who comes often ordered two favorites — starch noodles with sesame paste and cucumber slices, sour preserved cabbage slices boiled with white pork.
The two dishes are typical specialties of Northeast Chinese cuisine, the restaurant specialty. Other popular dishes are soysauce flavored pork spine, and a tasty but pricey fish head from Qiandao Lake.
We ordered four plates of jiaozi with different stuffing, each at 100 grams, the minimum amount of order. “Three delicacies with pork” and “coriander with pork” stuffing were the best-tasting, and leek with pork and pure vegetarian stuffing were not bad.
Four kinds of jiaozi plus two dishes cost us a total of 100 yuan ($16), which comes to 25 yuan per head, an excellent price considering the pleasant environment. One complaint: While we waited to be seated in the full restaurant, the waitstaff was a bit slow in pouring us some jiaozi soup.
Another time I was surprised recently by good flavor was at Dongfang Jiaoziwang, literally, “king of jiaozi in the East”.
The jiaozi restaurant has quite a few branches in Beijing, which seems to enable a fast flow of ingredients and ready-made jiaozi. The jiaozi tastes fresh and flavorful, although the stuffing looks a bit small compared to some other restaurants.
All the classic stuffing combinations are good — pork with leek, egg with leek, and pork with long beans. But zucchini with mutton tastes fantastic, and the cold dishes are also really good. Sauteed jiaozi with beef stuffing is a nice alternative to traditionally boiled dumplings.
Service is quite proper, too. A meal with all that variety of jiaozi and cold dishes cost less than 40 yuan per head.
One place that started the jiaozi restaurant trend is Tianjin Baijiaoyuan, Tianjin’s “garden of a hundred jiaozi”.
The introduction on its menu says the restaurant achieved a Guinness record for making 229 kinds of jiaozi. Celebrities captured in photos while dining here include former US secretary of state Colin Powell and former first lady Laura Bush.
Although some frequent visitors say the restaurant’s jiaozi isn’t as good as before, it’s still packed with customers at lunch. “Three delicacies with pork” and pure vegetarian stuffing taste rather good, while shrimp roe with bean curd, and zucchini with mutton do not taste as good as Dongfang Jiaoziwang’s.
I was surprised to find a big plate of braised yellow croaker, a weekend special, cost only 28 yuan. There were more than 10 fish — quite delectable. The house-brewed Gleckes Germanstyle beer, with a black and a golden version, tastes fine, and a big jar costs just 20 yuan.
Apart from jiaozi with a lot of different stuffing, Tianjin Baijiaoyuan offers a complete selection of popular Cantonese dishes and seafood. Its jiaozi is not inexpensive. A meal complete with dishes, beer and jiaozi can cost up to 100 yuan per head.
I’ve never met a foreign expat who doesn’t find jiaozi tasty, and Chinese have loved it for at least two millennia.
Many people still favor classic fillings, new combinations such as mackerel with pork, cucumber with shrimp, mantis shrimp and bean curd have plenty of fans, too.
As the Chinese government curbs waste in spending public funds, reasonably priced jiaozi restaurants offer good value. After all, here the bill is mostly controllable, while the quality of food is always reliable. Contact the writer at email@example.com.
Above: Yixuan Jiaozi Restaurant’s starch noodles with sesame paste and cucumber slices is a good starter for a meal. Right: Tianjin Baijiaoyuan’s jiaozi with pure vegetarian stuffing, and braised little yellow croaker.