Registration system undergoes changes
Chinese migrant workers living in cities will gradually have full access to schools and hospitals where they work, the central government announced, a significant move to improve social equality between rural and urban residents.
Under guidelines to create a unified household registration system, known as hukou, the dual-household system that has divided people into urban or agricultural households since the 1950s will be phased out, the State Council, China’s cabinet, announced.
In its place, a system of residence permits will be set up to allow qualified migrants access to urban services.
The guidelines said basic public services — including education, healthcare, social insurance, employment, aged care and housing — will be expanded to migrants’ children.
More than 200 million rural migrants are now working in cities and the numbers are increasing, said Huang Ming, vice-minister of public security.