Popular TV show not so funny business
The annual CCTV New Year Gala experienced a small drop in ratings this year, amid growing criticism some skits were highly offensive to disabled people, women and the southern Chinese.
The number of live viewers dropped below 700 million for the first time in a decade.
Socially aware Chinese viewers were angered by some content in the gala that they have accused of reinforcing discriminatory ideas, especially against women.
This growing dissatisfaction led a feminist group to write an open letter to the country’s top media regulator, demanding an apology from CCTV while requesting as many as eight skits from the gala be prohibited from ever airing again. However, they have not received any response from the TV station.
In one of the most criticized skits, a“nuhanzi”, literally meaning “masculine woman”, had her life compared with that of a tall slender “goddess” to highlight the sad fact that she was ordinary-looking and still single at the age of 30. Another controversial skit suggested female officials exchange sex for promotions. The skits have also been accused of discrimination against short people, South China accents and the elderly.
The open letter started a heated discussion on micro-blogging site Sina Weibo. An online poll on Sina Weibo, in which 30,000 people voted, showed that 85 percent of people found the gala discriminatory. However, another poll launched by entertainment portal Netease. polled 33,591 people, showing that more than 69 percent of them believed the so-called discrimination is “over-stated”.
“People’s awareness of discrimination needs to be raised. They are used to it. I can understand that,” says Lyu Pin, a well-known women’s rights activist who initiated the open letter protest.
“In such a situation, we need to bring to light the duty of institutions like CCTV. They’ve made people more indifferent to discrimination by presenting it as something to laugh at.”
The New Year gala and Chinese television shows in general have long relied on making fun of physical disability and the disadvantaged for laughs.
The stereotypical image of people from southern China being snobbish businessmen was also reinforced in the gala, which featured characters speaking with noticeable southern accents. Some even find the gala statements that eating dumplings is the most important NewYear tradition to be discriminatory, because at least half of China (the South) do not eat dumplings on NewYear Eve.
“It’s normal to see prejudice in everyday life. But as a major platform, what CCTV chooses to recreate and spread will be strengthened in people’s minds,” says Lyu.
However, critic Qin Ning writing in the Beijing Times, argues that an artistic image doesn’t speak for the value orientation of a whole program, let alone that of the whole gala. He believes the mocking of disadvantaged social groups in the gala was purely for fun and meant no harm.
“If people who discriminate against women exist in life, then art that reflects this should be tolerated,” Qin writes.
Critic Cheng Zhenwei, however, believes there is no way CCTV is oblivious to “gender discrimination” and its choice of such programs is decided by its target audience. In a commentary he wrote on Wuhanbased cnhubei.com, he states that considering its massive reach, the gala has to consider how its humor will work for less-educated audiences.
The kind of humor that’s relatively light and easier to digest often makes use of elements like physical appearances, gender and regional accents that don’t require much thinking, he writes.
After all, unlikeUnited States pop culture that is fully mature and is able to consider the more delicate and subtle needs of the society, Chinese pop culture is still in the phase of “extensive development” and not ready to take itself so seriously, film and TV critic LiXingwen tells China Daily.
Comedy in China already faces many limitations, and artists sometimes find it’s easier to use disadvantaged groups as a comic element, Li says.
The rise of audiences’ social awareness means they have started to want different types of comedy, says Cheng in his commentary. Chinese audiences’ taste in entertainment has also evolved through being exposed to international programs, he says, and therefore the gala needs to update itself in terms of humor.
The good news is social media and big-data mining tools have allowed TV stations to easily detect the changes in audience needs, says Du Zezhuang, founder and analyst with media consultancy ZeMedia.
For example, Du adds, many TV shows used to make fun of disabled people, but as dissenting voices grewstronger through social media, such programs have started to fade away.
“There should be more discussion. TVstations should stay open to the supervision of the audience,” says Lyu, the women’s rights activist. “We believe audiences are able to voice different opinions. The point is whether these opinions can be accepted by the TV makers.”