The broad gov­er­nance blue­print of Xi Jin­ping

China Daily (Canada) - - FRONT PAGE -

The “Four Com­pre­hen­sives” strate­gic lay­out mapped out by China’s top leader Xi Jin­ping, a com­pre­hen­sive elab­o­ra­tion of the over­all frame­work for China’s fu­ture ad­min­is­tra­tion and devel­op­ment, will guide the mod­ern­iz­ing of the na­tion’s gov­er­nance sys­tem and ca­pa­bil­ity.

They are also of great sig­nif­i­cance to global gov­er­nance ide­ol­ogy. The “End ofHis­tory” and “Clash of Civ­i­liza­tion” the­o­ries dom­i­nated main­stream gov­er­nance ideas in theWest for a time af­ter the ColdWar. Un­der the in­flu­ence of the “End ofHis­tory” the­ory, which be­lievesWestern po­lit­i­cal and eco­nomic sys­tems have be­come the fi­nal form of the hu­man so­ci­ety, West­ern the­o­ries and ideas have per­vaded the world in re­cent years, caus­ing many coun­tries to loose a grip on fi­nan­cial de­riv­a­tives and fi­nally con­tribut­ing to the 2008 global fi­nan­cial cri­sis. The pro­po­nents of the “Clash of Civ­i­liza­tions” the­ory claim that the main con­tra­dic­tion of the in­ter­na­tional or­der is the clash of dif­fer­ent civ­i­liza­tions, and un­der its in­flu­ence the anti-ter­ror war led by theUnited States has swept across the world. As a re­sult, theUS has got mired a quag­mire in theMid­dle East and the ter­ror­ist group Is­lamic State has emerged as big threat to global se­cu­rity.

How­ever, th­ese two the­o­ries be­came less valid af­ter the erup­tion of the global fi­nan­cial cri­sis andWestern coun­tries’ im­ple­men­ta­tion of emer­gency mea­sures for self-res­cue, which ig­nored the press­ing need to cre­ate newand sys­tem­atic global gov­er­nance ideas. The “Four Com­pre­hen­sives” not only of­fer a guide to re­al­iz­ing the com­mon dream of Chi­nese peo­ple, they of­fer newvi­tal­ity to global gov­er­nance the­ory.

To com­pre­hen­sively build an all-round well-off so­ci­ety is the grand goal China has vowed to re­al­ize by 2020. Ac­cord­ing to the 18thNa­tional Congress of the Com­mu­nist Party of China in 2012, to com­pre­hen­sively build a mod­er­ately well-off so­ci­ety, China will not only work for con­tin­u­ous and healthy eco­nomic devel­op­ment and rais­ing peo­ple’s living con­di­tions, it will also pro­mote con­tin­u­ous ex­pan­sion of democ­racy and re­mark­ably build up its cul­tural soft power. In par­tic­u­lar, the coun­try seeks to achieve sig­nif­i­cant progress in the con­struc­tion of an eco­log­i­cal civ­i­liza­tion that fea­tures the sus­tain­able use of re­sources and an en­vi­ron­men­tally friendly so­ci­ety. Such a broad gov­er­nance blue­print shows China’s con­fi­dence it can re­al­ize the Chi­nese Dream.

Com­pre­hen­sively deep­en­ing re­forms will help re­al­ize the goal of build­ing a well-off so­ci­ety in all­round way. Only with sys­tem­atic, com­pre­hen­sive and co­or­di­nated re­forms, can the coun­try drive its mod­ern­iza­tion. Sim­i­larly, only with deep­ened re­forms, can China re­solve the prob­lems that have emerged on its devel­op­ment road and re­al­ize its re­ju­ve­na­tion in a healthy man­ner.

Es­tab­lish­ing the rule of la­wof­fers the fun­da­men­tal guar­an­tee for build­ing a well-off so­ci­ety in an all­round way. To build a so­ci­ety ruled by lawre­quires China also bring its man­ner of lead­er­ship and gov­er­nance un­der the rule of law. With rule of law, China can pro­mote in­sti­tu­tion­al­iza­tion, stan­dard­iza­tion and pro­ce­du­ral­iza­tion of var­i­ous af­fairs con­cern­ing the Party, the na­tion and so­ci­ety, and re­al­ize mod­ern­iza­tion of its na­tional gov­er­nance sys­tem and ca­pa­bil­ity.

But the coun­try must first push for stricter gov­er­nance of the Party. Com­pre­hen­sively gov­ern­ing the Party in a stricter man­ner will re­forge the core power of China’s gov­er­nance sys­tem, en­abling the com­pre­hen­sive deep­en­ing of re­forms and the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the rule of law.

To re­al­ize a well-off so­ci­ety in an all-round way, China must com­pre­hen­sively deepen re­forms guided by the lead­er­ship of the CPC gov­ern­ing un­der the rule of lawand mo­bi­lize peo­ple na­tion­wide to work for the Chi­nese Dream. This will rep­re­sent an im­por­tant ide­o­log­i­cal con­tri­bu­tion to global gov­er­nance. The au­thor is pres­i­dent of Ren­min Uni­ver­sity of China. The ar­ti­cle first ap­peared in Peo­ple’s Daily. The au­thor is a se­nior writer with China Daily wanghui@chi­nadaily.com.cn

The fight against the Is­lamic State group, which is wreak­ing havoc in theMid­dle East, def­i­nitely needs joint ef­forts and wide col­lab­o­ra­tion from the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity. Yet, an ill trend has raised its ugly head re­cently amongWestern me­dia which in­tends to sow the seed of dou­ble stan­dards and throw mud at China’s coun­tert­er­ror­ism ef­forts.

Cit­ing me­dia re­ports that some 300 Chi­nese from the Xin­jiang Uygur au­ton­o­mous re­gion have trav­eled to theMid­dle East to join the ex­trem­ist group, a Bloomberg re­port on Feb 25 wrongly ac­cused China’s poli­cies in the re­gion of cre­at­ing fer­tile ground for Is­lamic ex­trem­ism.

This ma­li­cious ac­cu­sa­tion is hardly worth re­fut­ing as it is known to all that China is also a vic­tim of ter­ror­ism and ex­trem­ism, and it has never re­lented in its ef­forts to crack down on ex­trem­ists in Xin­jiang area.

It has been widely re­ported that some 20,000 for­eign fighters in­flu­enced by ex­trem­ist ideas have joined the IS. They came from var­i­ous coun­tries in the world, with thou­sands of them from the United States and Euro­pean coun­tries. In Asia, it is es­ti­mated that more than 1,000 peo­ple have gone and joined the IS, with most of them from In­done­sia, Malaysia and the Philip­pines.

If the logic of the China-bash­ing story is ap­plied to, any coun­try whose cit­i­zens have gone to join the IS should be blamed for brew­ing ex­trem­ism on its own soil.

An ar­ti­cle pub­lished on For­eign Pol­icy web­site on Feb 23 also falls into the same cat­e­gory of ab­sur­dity. It al­leged that China’s ap­proach to ad­dress­ing ter­ror­ism is deeply politi­cized. It even went fur­ther to make a link be­tween China’s coun­tert­er­ror­ism ef­forts and hu­man rights.

Th­e­seWestern me­dia re­ports are mis­lead­ing and ill-in­ten­tioned as they only trum­pet the dou­ble stan­dards theWest has adopted in the war against in­ter­na­tional ter­ror­ism. Such ill prac­tice, whether it is out of strate­gic rea­sons, mis­un­der­stand­ing or bias, does a dis­ser­vice to the con­certed in­ter­na­tional ef­forts against ter­ror.

Howter­ror­ists groups such as al-Qaida in theMid­dle East and the IS have seized po­lit­i­cal and so­cial tur­moil in theMid­dle East as an op­por­tu­nity to ex­pand their own in­flu­ence and seize ter­ri­to­ries in re­cent years is a telling story that the West’s self-serv­ing in­ter­ven­tion­ist pol­icy in the re­gion has back­fired.

For a cen­tury, peace and sta­bil­ity have re­mained a luxury in theMid­dle East. Ev­ery ma­jor con­flict in the re­gion bears the hall­mark ofWestern in­ter­ven­tion­ism, and the oil-rich re­gion has be­come an abat­toir forWestern pow­ers to pur­sue their own eco­nomic and se­cu­rity in­ter­ests.

Over the years, the US-ledWest has plot­ted or sup­ported a regime change in coun­tries such as Iraq, Libya and Syria in the name of coun­tert­er­ror­ism or pro­mo­tion of democ­racy. The chaotic sit­u­a­tion in the re­gion to­day is clear ev­i­dence to show th­ese ma­noeu­vres are noth­ing but coun­ter­pro­duc­tive.

Coun­tries such as Libya, Iraq and Syria are mired in civil wars and a tug of war with the IS group. Al-Qaida el­e­ments and newex­trem­ist groups have taken ad­van­tage of re­gional un­rest to re­or­ga­nize in the re­gion and pose a real threat both to the re­gion and the world at large.

TheWest’s pur­suit of self-in­ter­ests and adop­tion of dou­ble stan­dards have in one way or an­other con­trib­uted to breed­ing the rise of the IS to­day.

Given that vi­o­lent ex­trem­ism and ter­ror­ism are scourges that one coun­try can­not tackle alone, a uni­fied stan­dard should be es­tab­lished and form the ba­sis of ef­fec­tive global co­op­er­a­tion.

In this end, an ob­jec­tive re­viewof the past coun­tert­er­ror­ism poli­cies and a di­ag­no­sis of the root cause of ter­ror­ism, rather than fin­ger point­ing, are more help­ful for the world to ad­dress th­ese threats more ef­fec­tively in the fu­ture. The au­thor is a se­nior writer with China Daily wanghui@chi­nadaily.com.cn

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