The broad governance blueprint of Xi Jinping
The “Four Comprehensives” strategic layout mapped out by China’s top leader Xi Jinping, a comprehensive elaboration of the overall framework for China’s future administration and development, will guide the modernizing of the nation’s governance system and capability.
They are also of great significance to global governance ideology. The “End ofHistory” and “Clash of Civilization” theories dominated mainstream governance ideas in theWest for a time after the ColdWar. Under the influence of the “End ofHistory” theory, which believesWestern political and economic systems have become the final form of the human society, Western theories and ideas have pervaded the world in recent years, causing many countries to loose a grip on financial derivatives and finally contributing to the 2008 global financial crisis. The proponents of the “Clash of Civilizations” theory claim that the main contradiction of the international order is the clash of different civilizations, and under its influence the anti-terror war led by theUnited States has swept across the world. As a result, theUS has got mired a quagmire in theMiddle East and the terrorist group Islamic State has emerged as big threat to global security.
However, these two theories became less valid after the eruption of the global financial crisis andWestern countries’ implementation of emergency measures for self-rescue, which ignored the pressing need to create newand systematic global governance ideas. The “Four Comprehensives” not only offer a guide to realizing the common dream of Chinese people, they offer newvitality to global governance theory.
To comprehensively build an all-round well-off society is the grand goal China has vowed to realize by 2020. According to the 18thNational Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012, to comprehensively build a moderately well-off society, China will not only work for continuous and healthy economic development and raising people’s living conditions, it will also promote continuous expansion of democracy and remarkably build up its cultural soft power. In particular, the country seeks to achieve significant progress in the construction of an ecological civilization that features the sustainable use of resources and an environmentally friendly society. Such a broad governance blueprint shows China’s confidence it can realize the Chinese Dream.
Comprehensively deepening reforms will help realize the goal of building a well-off society in allround way. Only with systematic, comprehensive and coordinated reforms, can the country drive its modernization. Similarly, only with deepened reforms, can China resolve the problems that have emerged on its development road and realize its rejuvenation in a healthy manner.
Establishing the rule of lawoffers the fundamental guarantee for building a well-off society in an allround way. To build a society ruled by lawrequires China also bring its manner of leadership and governance under the rule of law. With rule of law, China can promote institutionalization, standardization and proceduralization of various affairs concerning the Party, the nation and society, and realize modernization of its national governance system and capability.
But the country must first push for stricter governance of the Party. Comprehensively governing the Party in a stricter manner will reforge the core power of China’s governance system, enabling the comprehensive deepening of reforms and the implementation of the rule of law.
To realize a well-off society in an all-round way, China must comprehensively deepen reforms guided by the leadership of the CPC governing under the rule of lawand mobilize people nationwide to work for the Chinese Dream. This will represent an important ideological contribution to global governance. The author is president of Renmin University of China. The article first appeared in People’s Daily. The author is a senior writer with China Daily firstname.lastname@example.org
The fight against the Islamic State group, which is wreaking havoc in theMiddle East, definitely needs joint efforts and wide collaboration from the international community. Yet, an ill trend has raised its ugly head recently amongWestern media which intends to sow the seed of double standards and throw mud at China’s counterterrorism efforts.
Citing media reports that some 300 Chinese from the Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region have traveled to theMiddle East to join the extremist group, a Bloomberg report on Feb 25 wrongly accused China’s policies in the region of creating fertile ground for Islamic extremism.
This malicious accusation is hardly worth refuting as it is known to all that China is also a victim of terrorism and extremism, and it has never relented in its efforts to crack down on extremists in Xinjiang area.
It has been widely reported that some 20,000 foreign fighters influenced by extremist ideas have joined the IS. They came from various countries in the world, with thousands of them from the United States and European countries. In Asia, it is estimated that more than 1,000 people have gone and joined the IS, with most of them from Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines.
If the logic of the China-bashing story is applied to, any country whose citizens have gone to join the IS should be blamed for brewing extremism on its own soil.
An article published on Foreign Policy website on Feb 23 also falls into the same category of absurdity. It alleged that China’s approach to addressing terrorism is deeply politicized. It even went further to make a link between China’s counterterrorism efforts and human rights.
TheseWestern media reports are misleading and ill-intentioned as they only trumpet the double standards theWest has adopted in the war against international terrorism. Such ill practice, whether it is out of strategic reasons, misunderstanding or bias, does a disservice to the concerted international efforts against terror.
Howterrorists groups such as al-Qaida in theMiddle East and the IS have seized political and social turmoil in theMiddle East as an opportunity to expand their own influence and seize territories in recent years is a telling story that the West’s self-serving interventionist policy in the region has backfired.
For a century, peace and stability have remained a luxury in theMiddle East. Every major conflict in the region bears the hallmark ofWestern interventionism, and the oil-rich region has become an abattoir forWestern powers to pursue their own economic and security interests.
Over the years, the US-ledWest has plotted or supported a regime change in countries such as Iraq, Libya and Syria in the name of counterterrorism or promotion of democracy. The chaotic situation in the region today is clear evidence to show these manoeuvres are nothing but counterproductive.
Countries such as Libya, Iraq and Syria are mired in civil wars and a tug of war with the IS group. Al-Qaida elements and newextremist groups have taken advantage of regional unrest to reorganize in the region and pose a real threat both to the region and the world at large.
TheWest’s pursuit of self-interests and adoption of double standards have in one way or another contributed to breeding the rise of the IS today.
Given that violent extremism and terrorism are scourges that one country cannot tackle alone, a unified standard should be established and form the basis of effective global cooperation.
In this end, an objective reviewof the past counterterrorism policies and a diagnosis of the root cause of terrorism, rather than finger pointing, are more helpful for the world to address these threats more effectively in the future. The author is a senior writer with China Daily email@example.com