So­cial cap­i­tal to go to nurs­ing homes

China Daily (Canada) - - CHINA - By XUWEI xuwei@chi­nadaily.com.cn

So­cial cap­i­tal is to be­come the driv­ing force for the de­vel­op­ment of nurs­ing homes, a civil af­fairs of­fi­cial said onWed­nes­day.

The move comes as the num­ber of beds pro­vided by nurs­ing homes in the sec­ond quar­ter reached a record 5.89 mil­lion in the sec­ond quar­ter, com­pared to 5.5 mil­lion at the end of last year.

The fig­ures were an­nounced by Chen Rifa, spokesman for the Min­istry of Civil Af­fairs, at a news con­fer­ence.

“We will fur­ther im­ple­ment mea­sures to en­cour­age so­cial cap­i­tal into the nurs­ing home sec­tor, and make so­cial cap­i­tal a pri­mary force in driv­ing the de­vel­op­ment of nurs­ing homes,” he said.

In so­ci­ol­ogy, so­cial cap­i­tal refers to ex­pected col­lec­tive or eco­nomic ben­e­fits de­rived from the pref­er­en­tial treat­ment and co­op­er­a­tion be­tween in­di­vid­u­als and groups.

China had more than 88,000 reg­is­tered nurs­ing homes or fa­cil­i­ties in the sec­ondquar­ter, in­clud­ing about 18,000 nurs­ing homes or fa­cil­i­ties at the com­mu­nity level, the min­istry said.

Mean­while, the coun­try has set up a sub­sidy sys­tem to help el­derly peo­ple with liv­ing dif­fi­cul­ties in 23 pro­vin­cial ar­eas, while 19 pro­vin­cial ar­eas have es­tab­lished sys­tems to pro­vide sub­si­dies to peo­ple who are 80 and older.

The min­istry said that author­i­ties in four pro­vin­cial ar­eas have set up sys­tems to pro­vide sub­si­dies for nurs­ing care ser­vices to el­derly peo­ple with dis­abil­i­ties.

How­ever, huge chal­lenges re­main in at­tract­ing more pri­vate and for­eign cap­i­tal to the nurs­ing home sec­tor. Ac­cord­ing to the re­search cen­ter, less than 20 per­cent of China’s nurs­ing homes are prof­itable.

Chen said the min­istry will speed up the draft­ing of ser­vice stan­dards for the nurs­ing home sec­tor to im­prove ser­vices. It will also launch a spe­cial cam­paign to check fire safety at nurs­ing homes to re­duce ac­ci­dents.

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