First na­tional guide­line on or­gan do­na­tions is­sued

China Daily (Canada) - - NEWS CAPSULE -

China has pub­lished its first na­tional guide­line on or­gan do­na­tion to bet­ter reg­u­late the process and fur­ther raise public aware­ness.

The guide­line ex­pounds on the ethics in­volved, the stan­dards by which to judge death and the stan­dards cov­er­ing the ex­trac­tion and dis­tri­bu­tion of or­gans.

The coun­try be­gan a vol­un­tary or­gan do­na­tion trial in 2010 and pro­moted the prac­tice na­tion­wide in 2013. On Jan 1 this year, China banned the use of ex­e­cuted pris­on­ers’ or­gans for trans­plants, mak­ing do­na­tions by cit­i­zens the only le­git­i­mate source. This year, 1,590 donors had given 4,414 ma­jor or­gans as of Aug 19, close to the to­tal for all of last year.

About 300,000 pa­tients need trans­plants an­nu­ally, but only about 10,000 oper­a­tions are per­formed, ac­cord­ing to the Na­tional Health and Fam­ily Plan­ning Com­mis­sion. Only 169 hos­pi­tals na­tion­wide are qual­i­fied to carry out or­gan trans­plants, com­pared with more than 300 in the United States, and fewer than 100 sur­geons in China are able to per­form liver trans­plants, while sev­eral thou­sand can do so in the US.

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