Cy­berspace deal cru­cial

China Daily (Canada) - - TORONTO -

Dur­ing Pres­i­den­tXi Jin­ping’s visit to theUS, through deep, sin­cere and con­struc­tive talks withUS Pres­i­dent Barack Obama, the two lead­ers have achieved con­sen­sus on a va­ri­ety of is­sues, of which cy­berspace is an es­sen­tial one. The visit and the ne­go­ti­a­tions achieved will open a newhori­zon for the two na­tions to strengthen co­op­er­a­tion in the cy­berspace.

Their con­sen­sus will, first of all, lay a sound ba­sis on global cy­berspace gov­er­nance. The key de­bate over cy­berspace gov­er­nance lies on how to draft rules that meet the de­mands of var­i­ous sides, with the fo­cus be­ing in­tel­lec­tual prop­erty rights pro­tec­tion and crimes in the cy­berspace. They reached a “com­mon un­der­stand­ing” on steps to curb cy­ber spy­ing, agreed that nei­ther gov­ern­ment would con­duct nor sup­port eco­nomic es­pi­onage in cy­berspace, and promised to en­hance ef­forts in com­bat­ing cy­ber­crime and shar­ing re­lated in­for­ma­tion. These lay a solid ba­sis for the form­ing of in­ter­na­tional rules in the cy­berspace.

More im­por­tantly, the con­sen­sus makes it pos­si­ble for the two coun­tries to elim­i­nate misun­der­stand­ing on cy­berspace, like sources of hack­ing. China has al­ways been a vic­tim of hack­ing and a strong de­fender of cy­ber­se­cu­rity, yet the US of­ten blames it for at­tacks whose sources can­not be tracked. The two lead­ers have made clear that both should re­act to the other’s re­quest of help in time ac­cord­ing to their own laws and in­ter­na­tional obli­ga­tions, and agreed to open a hot­line on the is­sue.

Just like Pres­i­dent Xi said, Si­noUS co­op­er­a­tion ben­e­fits both while their quar­rel hurts the in­ter­ests of both. That ap­plies in the cy­berspace as well and their con­sen­sus on the is­sue is key to pro­mot­ing co­op­er­a­tion.

Wang Chuang is a re­searcher in cy­ber­se­cu­rity at CCID Think Tank, af­fil­i­ated to the Min­istry of In­dus­try and In­for­ma­tion Tech­nol­ogy. the US two years ago.

For starters, the prag­matic co­op­er­a­tion and mu­tual trust be­tween the two na­tions have reached a newheight, given the 49 agree­ments that were reached dur­ing the sum­mit be­tweenXi and hisUS coun­ter­part Barack Obama on Sept 25, which cover a va­ri­ety of ar­eas such as in­vest­ment, peo­pleto-peo­ple ex­changes, cli­mate change and co­or­di­na­tion in mul­ti­lat­eral af­fairs.

In these agree­ments, China showed full re­spect to theUS’ in­ter­ests and in­flu­ence in­Asia, while theUS in re­turn wel­comed more Chi­nese en­ter­prises— in­clud­ing State-owned ones which have so far strug­gled to en­ter theUS mar­ket— to in­vest in the coun­try and en­joy the fa­vor­able poli­cies en­joyed by other for­eign in­vestors.

Be­sides, both gov­ern­ments agreed to ap­ply the prin­ci­ples of non-con­flict, non-con­fronta­tion, and mu­tual re­spect in ad­dress­ing some sen­si­tive mat­ters, for ex­am­ple, the cy­ber se­cu­rity clashes which at one point put the two coun­tries on the brink of launch­ing sanc­tions. And both coun­tries are now ex­pected to take mea­sures to pro­mote co­op­er­a­tion on mu­tu­ally iden­ti­fied cor­rup­tion cases, a big leap for China’s on­go­ing anti-graft cam­paign.

Ad­mit­tedly, someUS politi­cians are still re­luc­tant to give credit to the China-pro­posed new­model for ma­jor coun­try re­la­tions, but the im­prov­ing bi­lat­eral in­ter­ac­tion proves that both coun­tries have reached a con­sen­sus on pre­vent­ing their dis­par­i­ties from drag­ging them into a global con­fronta­tion.

Huang Ren­wei is deputy di­rec­tor of the Shang­hai Academy of So­cial Sciences. the past decades. By­pass­ing the United Na­tions and wag­ing more than one re­gional wars, Washington has sought to im­pose its own will on other coun­tries, in­clud­ing Iraq and Afghanistan, in the hope that the so-calledWestern democ­racy would bear fruit.

In con­trast, be­ing a staunch de­fender of global peace and sta­bil­ity, Bei­jing adopts a very dif­fer­ent ap­proach in re­al­iz­ing its dream. China’s par­tic­i­pa­tion in 600 new projects that aim to help de­vel­op­ing coun­tries on trade, poverty re­duc­tion, asXi an­nounced at the UN­sum­mits, is a proper ex­am­ple.

As a means of “achiev­ing na­tional pros­per­ity, re­ju­ve­na­tion and hap­pi­ness for the Chi­nese peo­ple”, the Chi­nese Dream should play a big role in ful­fill­ing the “World Dream”, which must not be built on wars, clashes, and hege­mony. Of course, it calls for pos­i­tive in­ter­ac­tions be­tween China and other coun­tries, the US in­cluded, to safe­guard and op­ti­mize the global or­der.

Gao Zhikai is di­rec­tor of China Na­tional As­so­ci­a­tion of In­ter­na­tional Stud­ies. such as the launch of theAsian In­fra­struc­ture In­vest­ment Bank, speak louder vol­umes than any point­less ar­gu­ment. It has agreed to in­crease its fi­nan­cial con­tri­bu­tions to theWorld Bank and other global fi­nan­cial in­sti­tu­tions, af­ter ini­ti­at­ing 600 new­pro­jects rang­ing from poverty-re­duc­tion to cli­mate change. Such ef­forts epit­o­mize the coun­try’s com­mit­ment to peace­ful de­vel­op­ment.

Jia Xiudong is a se­nior re­search fel­low from the China In­sti­tute of In­ter­na­tional Stud­ies.

WANG XIAOYING / CHINA DAILY

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