Amount of non-financial
direct investment by Chinese companies in 2015
of the cases, Chinese companies’ overseas investments are between $100 million and $1 billion.
“But the number of smaller outbound investments (below $100 million) is growing fastest, as private companies and SMEs are playing a bigger role,” he said, adding that in 2014, private companies’ outbound investments grew 295 percent year-on-year, and they made up 69 percent of the total number of cases.
Xiao Qiang, director of the China Small and Medium-Size Enterprise Institute, said most SMEs that the institute has helped go global have annual revenue of between 50 million yuan and 400 million yuan and an employee headcount below 2,000.
Of the total, SMEs’ outbound investments account for 30 percent of the value and 80 percent by number of cases, he said.
Long Yongtu, former viceminister of commerce, said the trend of Chinese companies going global is irreversible. China’s corporate and private bank deposits amount to more than 138 trillion yuan, and the abundance of capital makes it easier for Chinese companies to invest overseas.
“Globalization is to allocate resources globally.” he said. “If Chinese’ restructuring is conducted with a global scope, its economic transformation would be less painful and is more likely to succeed.”
Wang Chaoyong, founder and CEO of ChinaEquity Group, a venture capital institution, said there are three ways for Chinese companies to go global: products going global; industrial capacity going global; and capital going global.
“I have observed huge changes in all these three. In the products I have seen quality, added value and brands have improved greatly. In capacity going global, a big feature is that, be it a stated-owned company or SME, they cooperate and form clusters to explore overseas markets.”
For capital going global, Chinese investors in the past would typically buy US treasuries, European government bonds or some blue chips, but now private equity and venture capital have become the main avenues for capital going global.
“The number of overseas mergers and acquisitions is also increasing rapidly, through which many companies are able to get overseas products, technology, sales channels, design and so on,” he said.
A recent example is Shenzhen Ellassay Fashion Co Ltd, a highend clothing company, which bought a Hong Kong company that owned the German fashion brand Laurel for 11.18 million euros ($12.22 million) as part of its global expansion. The takeover