First lady helps fight tu­ber­cu­lo­sis

China Daily (Canada) - - CHINA - By SHAN JUAN

Tu­ber­cu­lo­sis has been de­clin­ing in in­ci­dence and fatal­ity in China, but it still has a high preva­lence, a se­nior health of­fi­cial said.

Wang Bin, deputy di­rec­tor of the dis­ease preven­tion and con­trol bureau of the Na­tional Health and Fam­ily Plan­ning Com­mis­sion, made­there­marks at a news con­fer­ence on Wed­nes­day ahead of World TB Day, which falls onMarch 24.

On Tues­day, China’s first lady Peng Liyuan vis­ited con­struc­tion work­ers in Bei­jing to pro­mote TB treat­ment.

Peng, a well-known Chi­nese so­prano, was ap­pointed as WHO good­will am­bas­sador for tu­ber­cu­lo­sis and HIV/ AIDS in 2011.

Her ef­forts pro­mot­ing pub­lic health date back 10 years. In China, she be­came the health am­bas­sador for HIV/ AIDS preven­tion for the Min­istry of Health in Jan­uary 2006 and the na­tional am­bas­sador for TB con­trol and preven­tion in­March 2007.

The in­ci­dence rate de­clined to 63.4 per 100,000, com­pared

preven­tion and with 71.1 per 100,000 in 2011. The mor­tal­ity rate dropped by 23 per­cent dur­ing the same pe­riod, saidWang, who cited a na­tion­wide TB sur­veil­lance net­work.

Be­tween 2011 and 2015, China re­ported 4.27 mil­lion TB cases, and 1.6 mil­lion were highly con­ta­gious.

Pop­u­la­tions such as stu­dents and mi­grant work­ers are rel­a­tively sus­cep­ti­ble due to their liv­ing en­vi­ron­ments, Wang added.

To curb the dis­ease, the cen­tral gov­ern­ment has ear­marked 3.06 bil­lion yuan ($471 mil­lion) in the past five years for TB con­trol and preven­tion.

The treat­ment for TB is highly sub­si­dized, with that for com­mon TB vir­tu­ally free of charge, said Li Liang, a veteran TB spe­cial­ist in Bei­jing.

But ef­forts need to be fur­ther en­hanced, par­tic­u­larly with the mul­tidrug-re­sis­tant TB, or MDR-TB.

The WHO’s 2015 Global TB Re­port said only three in 10 TB pa­tients in China re­ceive proper lab­o­ra­tory di­ag­no­sis, and five in 100 of all es­ti­mated MDR-TB pa­tients are re­ported to re­ceive proper treat­ment.


Peng Liyuan, China’s first lady and the World Health Or­ga­ni­za­tion’s good­will am­bas­sador for tu­ber­cu­lo­sis and HIV/AIDS, greets a mi­grant worker in Bei­jing on Tues­day at a pub­lic­ity event ahead of World Tu­ber­cu­lo­sis Day, which falls on March 24 each year.

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