Mod­ern gov­er­nance only with Party in lead

China Daily (Canada) - - LIFE -

In China, gov­er­nance refers to the ac­tion, man­ner and power of gov­ern­ing, for which a good po­lit­i­cal sys­tem and good po­lit­i­cal or­der are needed.

China’s un­der­stand­ing of na­tional gov­er­nance not only re­flects the tra­di­tional Chi­nese po­lit­i­cal con­cept that in­te­grates so­ci­ety and politics, but also com­bines con­tem­po­rary in­ter­na­tional po­lit­i­cal con­cepts and prac­tices, which in­clude mul­ti­sub­ject and poly­cen­tric man­age­ment of pub­lic af­fairs.

The mod­ern­iza­tion of the gov­er­nance sys­tem for the re­ju­ve­na­tion of the Chi­nese na­tion is the “fifth mod­ern­iza­tion” that the coun­try has em­barked upon, fol­low­ing the com­pre­hen­sive mod­ern­iza­tion of agri­cul­ture, in­dus­try, na­tional de­fense and science and tech­nol­ogy. It is also a pi­lot ex­plo­ration of na­tional gov­er­nance in the mod­ern sense of the term.

Many de­vel­oped coun­tries face the gov­er­nance prob­lem: how to de­ter­mine the state’s role amid the risks posed by in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy, post-in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion, mass mi­gra­tions and cross­bor­der. This is also cru­cial for mod­ern­iz­ing the na­tional gov­er­nance sys­tem.

In de­vel­oped coun­tries in the West, na­tional gov­er­nance has un­der­gone three cen­turies of devel­op­ment. Thanks to this process, they can claim to be prac­tic­ing mod­ern gov­er­nance that en­sures more equal­ity in gen­der, race, vot­ing rights and free ex­pres­sion, and con­nects with the im­ple­men­ta­tion of rep­re­sen­ta­tive po­lit­i­cal sys­tem. This has also helped form a ver­ti­cal chan­nel and elas­tic po­lit­i­cal struc­ture be­tween politics and so­ci­ety.

The long-term goal of China’s po­lit­i­cal devel­op­ment is to es­tab­lish so­cial­ist demo­cratic politics that co­or­di­nate the devel­op­ment of dif­fer­ent fields and is based on Chi­nese tra­di­tion and cul­ture. And pro­mot­ing mod­ern gov­er­nance is the aim of China’s long-term po­lit­i­cal devel­op­ment.

The ex­plo­ration of mod­ern na­tional gov­er­nance is the process of ex­plor­ing the in­sti­tu­tion­al­iza­tion of do­mes­tic po­lit­i­cal and so­cial or­der in the era of glob­al­iza­tion. It is also a process of in­ces­sant co­or­di­na­tion among the three ma­jor fields— politics, mar­ket and so­ci­ety.

The in­sti­tu­tion­al­iza­tion process is un­likely to be achieved spon­ta­neously. It is more likely to be formed by the joint forces of na­tional lead­er­ship and other sup­port­ive forces.

There­fore, if we look at China’s pur­suit of mod­ern­iza­tion since the 19th cen­tury, it will be­come clear that, in the 21st cen­tury, the Com­mu­nist Party of China should play the role of the lead­ing force to in­te­grate var­i­ous sup­port­ive forces for the mod­ern­iza­tion of na­tional gov­er­nance for the re­ju­ve­na­tion of the Chi­nese na­tion.

So in this era, dif­fer­ent so­cial forces should reach a con­sen­sus on the mod­ern­iza­tion of na­tional gov­er­nance sys­tem un­der the lead­er­ship of the CPC. This sub­ject, how­ever, has three sig­nif­i­cant sub­or­di­nate sub­jects. The first is the closed power cy­cle of the na­tional gov­er­nance sys­tem and its elas­tic­ity. The closed power cir­cle en­ables struc­tural and all-round su­per­vi­sion and ac­count­abil­ity, and the sys­tem’s elas­tic­ity helps it to ab­sorb dif­fer­ent opin­ions while fa­cil­i­tat­ing ver­ti­cal so­cial mo­bil­ity.

The se­cond is the in­te­gra­tion of so­ci­ety and politics, which should re­spond to so­cial con­flicts in time, and pro­mote a pos­i­tive con­sen­sus among var­i­ous so­cial par­ties.

And the third is the sus­tain­abil­ity of re­form. Con­tin­u­ous changes in the na­tional gov­er­nance sys­tem should be achieved through in­sti­tu­tional re­form in the spirit of the rule of law.

The three sub­or­di­nate sub­jects re­late to the fun­da­men­tal in­ter­ests of all Chi­nese cit­i­zens, and are crit­i­cal to China achiev­ing long-term sta­ble and all-round devel­op­ment. There­fore, the mod­ern­iza­tion of na­tional gov­er­nance in China, which can­not be achieved at one go, should be led by the CPC and be closely con­nected to in­ter­na­tional and do­mes­tic forces.

The au­thor is a pro­fes­sor at the Chi­nese Academy of Gov­er­nance.

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