Dai: MacArthur backed re­turn of is­lands

China Daily (Canada) - - ACROSS AMER­I­CAS -

“Many of you were prob­a­bly not aware of this, but China’s ac­tions to re­store the is­lands were sup­ported by Gen­eral Dou­glas MacArthur,” Dai said.

Af­ter Ja­pan’s sur­ren­der, China’s mil­i­tary and gov­ern­ment per­son­nel were fer­ried by US-pro­vided mil­i­tary ves­sels to Xisha and Nan­sha Is­lands to hold the restora­tion cer­e­mony.

“Af­ter that, the US filed ap­pli­ca­tions to Chi­nese au­thor­i­ties on Tai­wan to con­duct ge­o­detic sur­vey in some of Nan­sha Is­lands on many oc­ca­sions,” he said.

“All this shows that the re­turn of Nan­sha Is­lands to China is part of the post­war in­ter­na­tional order and rel­e­vant ter­ri­to­rial ar­range­ments,” Dai pointed out.

Am­bas­sador Roy said there are some very con­struc­tive el­e­ments in Dai’s speech, and he high­lighted three points.

“One is both sides try to lower the tem­per­a­ture in the South China Sea, that’s very im­por­tant,” he said.

“Sec­ondly, he (Dai) said that ter­ri­tory is­sues should be re­solved peace­fully through ne­go­ti­a­tions, not through the use of force; that’s an im­por­tant part of China’s po­si­tion, and I think we need to pay at­ten­tion to it,” Roy con­tin­ued.

“The third point was China and the United States should work co­op­er­a­tively on this is­sue; that’s a very im­por­tant point also.”

Shi Yin­hong, an ex­pert on US stud­ies at Ren­min Univer­sity of China, said that if there are provo­ca­tions from ei­ther the Philip­pines or the US and oth­ers af­ter the rul­ing.

“China will cer­tainly re­spond, in both diplo­matic and mil­i­tary ways”.

Wil­liam Jones, Washington bureau chief for Ex­ec­u­tive In­tel­li­gence Re­view (EIR), said Dai gave an ex­cel­lent speech and pre­sen­ta­tion of the Chi­nese po­si­tion.

“I hope it is widely un­der­stood and widely read by peo­ple in the (US) ad­min­is­tra­tion, although some­times I doubt whether they will change their views,” Jones said.

“But I think it’s very im­por­tant be­cause he ad­dressed on one hand the ne­ces­sity of avoid­ing a con­flict in the re­gion over this is­sue.

“But (Dai) also crit­i­cized the po­si­tion that China would have to ac­cept what the US has been call­ing the in­ter­na­tional law but which many le­gal schol­ars and many coun­tries don’t con­sider bind­ing on China.”

My­ron Nordquist, as­so­ciate direc­tor and ed­i­tor of the Cen­ter for Oceans Law and Pol­icy at the Univer­sity of Vir­ginia School of Law, said he be­lieves the US is be­hind the is­sue “be­cause it wants to get back to the mil­i­tary base it was kicked out of”.

All this shows that the re­turn of Nan­sha Is­lands to China is part of the post­war in­ter­na­tional order and rel­e­vant ter­ri­to­rial ar­range­ments.”

Niu Yue in Washington and Chen Weihua in Hawaii con­trib­uted to this story.

Con­tact the writ­ers at lix­i­aokun@chi­nadaily.com.cn

JI TAO / CHINA DAILY

For­mer State coun­cilor Dai Bing­guo (cen­ter) and Chi­nese Am­bas­sador to the US Cui Tiankai (fourth from right) with Chi­nese and Amer­i­can think tank ex­perts at the China-US Di­a­logue on the South China Sea held at the Carnegie En­dow­ment for In­ter­na­tional Peace on Tues­day in Washington.

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