TYPES OF IN THE WORLD
There are hundreds of branches of today. Some are named after founding figures while others feature movements reminiscent of those by creatures such as dragons, monkeys or snakes.
In 2006, became recognized as an intangible national cultural heritage and Wenxian county was named as the birthplace of the martial art. There are now more than 30 martial art schools in Wenxian that train thousands of people. In addition, masters from Wenxian have also opened up their own studios, gyms and clubs abroad to spread the knowledge.
Here are the most prominent styles of today:
This variation was created by Chen Wangting (1580-1660), from Chenjiagou of Wenxian county, Henan province. Chen was a retired military commander who had combined his military experience with traditional Chinese medicine theory about human energy flow to create a 108-move Long Fist ( routine. Chen is also the creator of the push hands ( exercise, where two people practice attack, resistance, yield and redirection of power through deceptively simple movements of the limbs.
This style of was established by Yang Lu-chan (1799-1872). When he was young, Yang would peek through the broken wall of Chen’s home to secretly study the martial art. A natural talent, the man later went on to beat Chen’s disciples after years of training and went to Beijing to teach the martial art to the imperial family and the brigade units at the Forbidden City.
Founded by Wu Yuxiang (1812-1880), this branch was established thanks to his nephew Li I-yu, who authored several books on the martial art and passed on the style to the younger generations of students.
There is another Wu style of that was named after a different individual, Wu Quanyou (1834-1902), who was an outstanding student among those trained by Yang Luchan. When Wu retired from the army, he set up a school in Beijing which later became famous for its teachings on “neutralizing hard energy”, or dissolving the strength of an attack.
Li’s books on had also led Sun Lu-tang (1890-1933) to create his own form. Sun was an accomplished scholar on Confucius and Taoism and had many published works. He taught to the public from 1914 to 1928 and was a faculty member of the Beijing Physical Education Research Institute.