Peres won Nobel Prize but peace stayed elusive
The Israeli elder statesman died on Wednesday at age 93 following a stroke
Shimon Peres, who died on Wednesdayattheageof93, never realized his vision of a new Middle East built upon a 1993 interim peace deal he helped shape with thePalestinians.
But Israel’s elder statesman won world acclaim and a Nobel Prize as a symbol of hope in a region long plagued by war fueled by deep religious and political divisions.
Peres was hospitalized following a stroke two weeks ago and his condition had improved before a sudden deterioration on Tuesday, doctors said. In announcing his passing, family members said that he did not suffer pain, and as a last act after death, he donated his corneas for transplant.
“Don’t forget to be daring and curious and to dream big,” Peres urged first-graders at the start of the school year in a posting on his Facebook page earlier this month. The comment seemed to sum up his own credo.
In a career spanning nearly seven decades, Peres, once a shepherd on a kibbutz, or communal farm, served in a dozen cabinets and twice as Labour Party prime minister, but he never won a general election outright in five tries from 1977 to 1996.
“I am a loser. I lost elections. But I am a winner — I servedmy people,” Peres, who held the largely ceremonial post of president from 20072014, once said in a speech.
He shared the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize with Israel’s late prime minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat for a 1993 accord that they and their successors failedto turn into a durable treaty.
When a far-right Jewish Israeli opposed to the peace deal assassinated Rabin in November 1995, the torch passed to Peres.
But Palestinian suicide bombings that killed dozens of Israelis and an aggressive campaign by Likud battered Peres’s rating and he lost the 1996 election to Benjamin Netanyahu by less than 30,000 votes.
In 2000, the failure of finalstatus peace talks with the Palestinians and the eruption of a Palestinian uprising rife with suicide bombings further damaged Israel’s left and Peres’s leadership prospects.
In 2005, Peres left the Labour Party to join then PrimeMinister Ariel Sharon’s new party, Kadima, which had spearheaded Israel’s unilateral pullout from the Gaza Strip earlier that year. Following Kadima’s 2006 election victory, Peres served as viceprime minister.
Born in 1923 in what is now Belarus, Peres immigrated to British-ruled Palestine with his family a decade later.
Israel’s founding father David Ben-Gurion groomed him for leadership. He oversaw arms purchases and manpower in theHagana, the Zionist fighting force, before Israel’s establishment.
Peres is widely seen as having gained nuclear capabilities for Israel by procuring the secret Dimona reactor from France while Defense Ministry director-general in the 1950s.
As defense ministerheoversaw the dramatic 1976 Israeli rescue of hijacked Israelis at Entebbe airport inUganda.
Peres was popular in his first term as prime minister in 1984-86 as part of a powersharing pact with Likud. He pulled troops back from Lebanon, normalized relations with Egypt and cut inflation from 445 percent a year to below 20 percent.
Despite his key role in building Israel’s defenses, Peres never gained broad popular trust in his security credentials as Rabin, his Labour rival and former army chief, or Sharon enjoyed.
Peres wrote several books including Entebbe Diary, The NewMiddle East and Battling forPeace. His wife, Sonia, died in 2011. He is survived by two sons and a daughter.
Don’t forget to be daring and curious and to dream big.”
Shimon Peres (center), shows his Nobel Peace Prize flanked by co-recipients Yasser Arafat, the late chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, and then-Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin, in Oslo, Norway, in 1994. Peres was Israel’s foreign minister at the time.