Re­port on China’s metropoli­tan cities re­leased

China Daily (Canada) - - SHANGHAI - By YU RAN in Shang­hai

It is im­por­tant that cities which have fo­cused too much on eco­nomic growth and in­fras­truc­ture for the past three decades now start to make up for their lack of cul­tural con­struc­tion in.”

yu­ran@chi­nadaily.com.cn

Shang­hai has been ranked fourth in a newly re­leased re­port about metropoli­taniza­tion in China, with Bei­jing, Guangzhou and Shen­zhen of Guang­dong prov­ince tak­ing the first to third spots re­spec­tively.

The re­port, which was done by the In­sti­tute of Ur­ban Science at Shang­hai Jiao Tong Univer­sity, the Min­istry of Ed­u­ca­tion and the China Metropoli­tan Data­base (2016), re­searched four ma­jor as­pects: econ­omy, pop­u­la­tion, liv­ing stan­dard and cul­ture.

“Sooner or later, all cities, in­clud­ing th­ese first- and sec­ond-tier cities which are fol­low­ing the cen­tral gov­ern­ment’s re­gional strat­egy, and small vil­lages with spe­cial cul­tural at­trac­tions have to be in­de­pen­dently de­vel­oped in or­der to be­come met­ro­pol­i­tans,” said Liu Shilin, the pro­fes­sor at the In­sti­tute of Ur­ban Science, Shang­hai Jiao Tong Univer­sity.

Ac­cord­ing to ex­pert anal­y­sis, the per­for­mance of the 36 met­ro­pol­i­tans in China is crit­i­cal to the coun­try’s de­vel­op­ment. The na­tion’s GDP in 2015 was 67.67 tril­lion yuan ($10 tril­lion) while the to­tal GDP of th­ese 36 met­ro­pol­i­tans ex­ceeded 27 tril­lion yuan, ac­count­ing for 41.06 per­cent of the na­tion’s to­tal.

There are cur­rently more than 309 mil­lion peo­ple in th­ese met­ro­pol­i­tans, ac­count­ing for 22.56 per­cent of China’s pop­u­la­tion. Th­ese 36 cities also oc­cupy 48.28 per­cent of China’s to­tal ur­ban con­struc­tion ar­eas.

Shang­hai, Bei­jing and Guangzhou were also found to be the cities with top three high­est GDP. How­ever, the GDP of th­ese cities were found to be grow­ing at nearly the same pace as the na­tion’s (6.9 per­cent).

“The de­vel­op­ment of lead­ing met­ro­pol­i­tans like Bei­jing and Shang­hai are switch­ing from the high-speed to the mid- speed track, dur­ing which they have to man­age the prob­lems caused by pop­u­la­tion growth and change­able eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment,” said Liu Xin­jing, the as­sis­tant di­rec­tor of the In­sti­tute of Ur­ban Science, Shang­hai Jiao Tong Univer­sity.

The re­port also found that while Bei­jing is still the coun­try’s hot­bed for cul­ture, other cities seem to be lack­ing in this as­pect.

“It is im­por­tant that cities which have fo­cused too much on eco­nomic growth and in­fras­truc­ture for the past three decades now start to make up for their lack of cul­tural con­struc­tion,” said Liu.

Ex­perts also said that au­thor­i­ties should fo­cus on the cre­ation of a sus­tain­able eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment as part of a city’s over­all de­vel­op­ment. The re­port showed that al­though Haikou from Hainan prov­ince and Chengdu from Sichuan prov­ince do not have high GDPs and growth rate, their sus­tain­abil­ity ini­tia­tives had ac­tu­ally pushed them into the top 10 in the rank­ings.

“The con­tin­u­ous con­struc­tion of green life­style and sus­tain­able en­vi­ron­ments should be pro­moted all over the coun­try to pro­tect the nat­u­ral re­sources and trans­form cities into mod­ern and well-de­vel­oped met­ro­pol­i­tans,” said Liu.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from China

© PressReader. All rights reserved.