Del­e­ga­tion, sim­pli­fi­ca­tion among de­ci­sions made by State Coun­cil

China Daily (Canada) - - TOP NEWS - By ZHANG YUE andHUYONGQI

China will work harder to use sim­pler, more straight­for­ward pro­ce­dures and bal­anced mar­ket reg­u­la­tion to stream­line gov­ern­ment ad­min­is­tra­tion.

A se­ries of de­ci­sions to ac­com­plish this goal was an­nounced on Wed­nes­day dur­ing the State Coun­cil’s ex­ec­u­tive meet­ing, chaired by Premier Li Ke­qiang. The State Coun­cil is the high­est ex­ec­u­tive agency of State power.

The mea­sures in­clude del­e­gat­ing more au­thor­ity to lo­cal gov­ern­ments and re­duc­ing cen­tral gov­ern­ment cer­ti­fi­ca­tion and eval­u­a­tion re­quire­ments. Also, the coun­try will is­sue its first guide­line for mar­ket su­per­vi­sion and reg­u­la­tion to make its busi­ness en­vi­ron­ment more invit­ing.

“Our re­form in stream­lin­ing ad­min­is­tra­tion for leaner and more­ef­fec­tive gov­ern­ment­now steps into a cru­cial stage,” Li said. “All de­part­ments must han­dle their du­ties, and make sure to lower in­sti­tu­tional costs for en­ter­prises.

“The key in trans­form­ing gov­ern­ment func­tion is to strike a bal­ance be­tween the gov­ern­ment and the mar­ket, and our goal is to ef­fec­tively un­leash and grow pro­duc­tiv­ity po­ten­tial.”

The­p­ow­er­rep­re­sented by 53 ad­min­is­tra­tive ap­provals now han­dled by the cen­tral gov­ern­ment will be del­e­gated to lo­cal gov­ern­ment, mainly cov­er­ing busi­ness ac­tiv­i­ties such as qual­i­fi­ca­tion cer­tifi­cates for pri­vate schools and busi­ness per­mits for cot­ton pro­cess­ing, pro­vid­ing­more­con­ve­nience in busi­ness reg­is­tra­tion.

The del­e­ga­tion of 14 of the items needs to be fur­ther ap­proved by the Na­tional Peo­ple’s Congress Stand­ing Com­mit­tee be­cause amend­ments to the law will be re­quired. Since 2013, 230 ad­min­is­tra­tive items have been del­e­gated to lo­cal gov­ern­ments.

Another 20 agency eval­u­a­tions and cer­ti­fi­ca­tions will be dropped to sim­plify reg­u­la­tion in ar­eas like rail­way fa­cil­ity con­struc­tion and qual­i­fi­ca­tion for le­gal pro­fes­sion­als.

The guide­line for mar­ket su­per­vi­sion an­nounced dur­ing the meet­ing will pro­vide for a more open, bet­ter reg­u­lated and at­trac­tive busi­ness en­vi­ron­ment, of­fi­cials said. The guide­line will run con­cur­rently with China’s 13th FiveYear Plan (2016-20).

The new guide­line is geared to­ward eas­ier mar­ket ac­cess, fair com­pe­ti­tion and con­sumer safety.

A list of mea­sures to be adopted in­cludes fur­ther stream­lin­ing busi­ness reg­is­tra­tion and em­ploy­ing neg­a­tive list-based mar­ket ac­cess with a fo­cus on com­pli­ance over­sight. Also in­cluded are a level play­ing field for non­lo­cal busi­nesses— with fair­com­pe­ti­tio­nand a ban on dis­cre­tionary charges or sec­toral sub­sidiaries — and an em­pha­sis on reg­u­la­tion and en­force­ment in food and drug safety and other ar­eas cru­cial to pub­lic safety and se­cu­rity.

A neg­a­tive list says which ac­tiv­i­ties are pro­hib­ited, while all oth­ers are con­sid­ered to be al­lowed. greater

The key in trans­form­ing gov­ern­ment func­tion is to strike a bal­ance be­tween the gov­ern­ment and the mar­ket.”

In ad­di­tion, the an­nounce­ment said the gov­ern­ment needs to im­prove in reg­u­la­tory in­no­va­tion through such means as In­ter­net Plus — the in­te­gra­tion of the in­ter­net with tra­di­tional in­dus­tries — and the use of big data.

“Su­per­vi­sion must be car­ried out in a law­ful and well­reg­u­lated man­ner, so that com­pa­nies won’t be sub­jected to ex­tra bur­dens,” Li said.

Jia Xi­jin, a pro­fes­sor of pub­lic man­age­ment at Ts­inghua Uni­ver­sity, said the mea­sures are in line with mar­ket trends and would boost mar­ket vi­tal­ity with sim­pli­fied pro­cesses and bet­ter pub­lic ser­vices.

Jia said she was par­tic­u­larly im­pressed with mea­sures that ease mar­ket ac­cess and strengthen su­per­vi­sion on prod­ucts closely re­lated to peo­ple’s lives and health.

How­ever, she said it will take more time and ef­fort to com­plete the chal­leng­ing and com­pli­cated pro­cesses needed to strin­gently reg­u­late del­e­gated ad­min­is­tra­tive pow­ers.

Con­tact the writ­ers at zhangyue@ chi­ and huy­ongqi@chi­

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