Work Se­nior be­gins of­fi­cial: on China’s ob­ser­va­tory econ­o­myin Ti­bet has been suc­cess­fully re­formed

China Daily (Canada) - - TOP NEWS - By CHENG YINGQI chengy­ingqi@chi­nadaily.com.cn By FU JING in Geneva fu­jing@chi­na­di­aly.com.cn

Con­struc­tion be­gan this month on an ob­ser­va­tory in South­west­China that will look for waves in space cre­ated by the China’sBig Bang. econ­omy is al­ready main­lyThe driven ob­ser­va­to­ryby ser­vi­ceis in­dus­try­be­ing built an­don a con­sump­tion,plateau 5,000me­ters in­di­cat­ing above the sea suc­cess level of in the the coun­try’sTi­bet au­tonomous­ef­forts in shift­ing re­gion’sits de­vel­op­men­tAli district, which pat­tern has and been deep­en­ing iden­ti­fied the as new one roundof the of best mar­ket-ori­ent­ed­places in the North­ern­re­form since Hemi­sphere2013, said for Jiang­pos­si­bly Jian­guo, ob­serv­ing min­is­ter of pri­mor­dialthe State grav­i­ta­tion­alCoun­cil In­for­ma­tion­waves. Of­fice, in GenevaThe ob­ser­va­to­ryon Wed­nes­day.is ex­pected to be Prior fin­ishedto Pres­i­dentin five years.Xi Jin­ping’s Grav­i­ta­tional up­com­ing waves,visit to Switzer­land­pre­dicted by Jan Al­bert15-18, Jiang Ein­stein­said thein 1915 growthas partof the of ser­vice­his gen­eral in­dus­try­the­ory has of contributed rel­a­tiv­ity, 58.5are gen­er­at­ed­per­cent to when­the coun­try’s ce­les­tial econ­o­my­bod­ies col­lide.in the first The three ad­vanced quar­ters Laserof 2016 In­ter­fer­om­e­ter af­ter the ra­tio’s sur­passed Grav­i­ta­tional-Wave50 per­cent Ob­ser­va­to­ry­last year. He addedin the that United con­sump­tion States be­came­has gen­er­at­edthe first71 per­centto de­tect of the them coun­try’sin Septem­ber eco­nomic 2015 growth when durin­git pickedthe pe­riod.up waves caused “The by ser­vicethe merging in­dus­tryof two has black be­come holes­the main1.3 bil­lion en­gine of years China’s ago. econ­omy, and con­sump­tion How­ever,has played pri­mor­dialan even big­ger­grav­i­ta­tional role,” Jiang waves, said whichat a sem­i­narthe Ali or­ga­nized by the Chi­nese Academy of So­cial Sci­ences and Geneva-based In­ter­na­tional Cen­ter for Trade and Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment.

Jiang said China’s suc­cess­ful shift from an in­vest­ment- and for­eign trade-driven econ­omy has been ac­com­pa­nied by its re­form en­deav­ors in which the mar­ket has played a de­ci­sive role. The new round of re­form has been in ef­fect since 2013, one year af­ter Xi be­came China’s top leader.

He said the Chi­nese gov­ern­ment has rolled out 336 re­form mea­sures un­der 60 cat­e­gories to deepen re­form, and in 2016, China ac­com­plished 97 key re­form tasks on the cen­tral gov­ern­ment level and 194 on min­is­te­rial lev­els.

“Among them, deep­en­ing sup­ply-side struc­tural re­form ob­ser­va­to­ryis the lead­ing will mea­sure fo­cus to on, adaptare be­lievedto the eco­nomicto have new been nor­mal,”cre­ated about­said Jiang,13.8 bil­lion­who is years trav­elin­gago by in the Switzer­landBig Bang, ahead the of ex­plo­sionXi’s visit. that “The sci­en­tists­fo­cus of say the cre­ated re­form the is uni­verse,aimed to ac­cordingim­prove theto the qual­i­tyChi­nese Academy of Sci­ences.

So far, pri­mor­dial grav­i­ta­tional waves have never been de­tected. and Elec­tro­mag­net­ic­ef­fi­ciency of the sup­ply ra­di­a­tion and trav­els stream­line throughthe in­sti­tu­tion­ss­pace in light to waves en­sure that mar­ket­sare play dis­tin­guisheda de­ci­sive by role varyin­gin re­source wave­lengths. al­lo­ca­tion,”One of Jiang them, said. the sub­mil­lime­ter wave­length,Jiang said will Chin­abe key willto find­ing fur­ther pri­mor­dial im­ple­ment grav­i­ta­tion­althe re­form waves, mea­sures said to Wang in­vig­o­rate Jun­jie, thean as­tro­physi­cistreal econ­omy, at pro­motethe Na­tional sta­ble Astro­nom­i­ca­land healthy real Ob­ser­va­to­ries,es­tate de­vel­op­ment part of the and CAS. ef­fec­tively man­age “The po­ten­tialBig Bang risks spreadin fi­nance,sub­mil­lime­ter debt, real es­tate­light wavesand the over re­ala wide econ­omy. area. So re­searchers will in­stall Zhanga Xiao­jing, sub­mil­lime­ter se­nior economist­te­le­scope onat the the Chi­nese moun­tains Acade­myin Ali to of So­cial search Sci­ences,for sub­mil­lime­ter­also said China waves has and made un­cover im­pres­sive pri­mor­dial progress grav­i­ta­tion­alin re­struc­tur­ing­waves fromits econ­o­mythe Big Bang,”and thehe said. new en­gines of sus­tained“What we’re growth search­ing­have al­ready­for is pri­mor­diale­merged. grav­i­ta­tion­al­waves that “The have in­ter­na­tion­al­trav­eled for com­mu­nity13.8 bil­lion shouldyears be­fore­take no­tice ar­rivin­gof China’sat Earth, gear and, shift­sif they of ex­ist,its econ­o­mythey’re veryand its weak.” progress,” Zhang said.

What Zhang makes­said China’s sub­mil­lime­ter patentin­ten­sive waves dif­fi­cult in­dus­tryto de­tect and is in­no­va­tion­the mois­ture sec­torsin Earth’shave grown at­mos­phere, by dou­ble dig­its which in re­cent ab­sorbs months,the waves. though the coun­try’s GDP has

“Thanks to the thin air and dry cli­mate in Ti­bet, which re­duces the in­flu­ence of mois­ture, the re­gion is one of the best slowed sitesto adaptin theto the North­ern eco­nomic Hemi­sphere­new nor­mal. for sub­mil­lime­ter ob­ser­va­tion,”Zhang ad­mit­ted Wang that added. China’s stim­u­lus Ac­cord­ing pack­agesto a re­port sinceby Sci­ence the fi­nan­cial and cri­sis Tech­nol­o­gy­have in­creasedDaily, the the lever­age ob­ser­va­tory ra­tio in project boost­ingis be­ingthe econ­omy.led by the But CAS’he com­paredIn­sti­tute of the High sit­u­a­tion En­ergy with Physic­sthat of and the has United re­ceived States, Euro­peana 130 mil­lion Union, yuan Ja­pan ($18.8and other mil­lion) lead­ing re­search economies, grant addingfrom the that cen­tral “China’s gov­ern­ment. risks and bub­bles are within man­age­able “Search­ing reach.” for pri­mor­dial grav­i­ta­tion­alRi­cardo Me­len­dez-waves is of Or­tiz,great sig­nif­i­cance,”chief ex­ec­u­tive Wan­gof the Yi­fang, In­ter­na­tional di­rec­tor Cen­terof the for In­sti­tuteTrade andof High Sus­tain­able En­ergy De­vel­op­ment,Physics, was is quoted con­cernedin the with re­port ris­ing as dif­fi­cul­ties­say­ing. “China emerg­ing­will takein the the geopo­lit­i­cal,in­ter­na­tional en­vi­ron­men­tal­lead in pri­mor­dia­land glob­al­grav­i­ta­tional gover­nance wave ar­eas, re­search while when po­lit­i­cal the de­bates ob­ser­va­tion also sta­tion­are wor­ry­ing.is com­pleted.” But he said that global gover­nance China al­soin 2015 launched achieved an­other suc­cesses, project such to as the de­tect Paris grav­i­ta­tional cli­mate change waves agree­mentin July in 2015,late 2015,the Tian­qinthe 2030 project United that Na­tions plans Sus­tain­ableto take four Devel­op­mentsteps in two decadesGoals in to Septem­ber­launch three­that year satel­lite­sand someinto high progress Earth in mul­ti­lat­er­alor­bit and de­tect trade grav­i­ta­tion­altalks. waves.

What we’re search­ing for is pri­mor­dial grav­i­ta­tional waves ... ”

JIANG DONG/ CHINA DAILY

Work­ers clean train cars near Bei­jing Rail­way Station on Wed­nes­day to pre­pare for the busy Spring Fes­ti­val trans­porta­tion sea­son from Jan 13 to Feb 21. The cap­i­tal is ex­pected to han­dle 31.5 mil­lion pas­sen­ger trips by rail­way in the fes­ti­val rush this year, ac­cord­ing to the Bei­jing Rail­way Bureau.

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