Em­ploy­ment rate to be given pri­or­ity

China Daily (Canada) - - ACROSS AMERICA - By HUYONGQI huyongqi@chi­nadaily.com.cn

China will not al­low largescale un­em­ploy­ment, given its abil­ity and will­ing­ness to cre­ate new jobs and en­sure the ba­sic needs of those who tem­po­rar­ily lose their em­ploy­ment, Premier Li Ke­qiang told re­porters onWed­nes­day.

“You may no­tice that this year’s Gov­ern­ment Work Re­port sets an em­ploy­ment tar­get of 11 mil­lion new jobs in ur­ban ar­eas, 1 mil­lion more than last year’s tar­get,” Li said at the news con­fer­ence the premier cus­tom­ar­ily holds af­ter clo­sure of the Na­tional Peo­ple’s Con­gress an­nual ses­sion.

Li said China has cre­ated more than 52 mil­lion jobs over the past four years. He has re­peat­edly em­pha­sized the sig­nif­i­cance of jobs as the linch­pin to boost­ing peo­ple’s in­comes and main­tain­ing so­cial sta­bil­ity.

More than 13 mil­lion new jobs were cre­ated in ur­ban ar­eas last year, ex­ceed­ing the year’s tar­get by 30 per­cent, ac­cord­ing to the Min­istry of Hu­man Re­sources and So­cial Se­cu­rity. China will cre­ate about 50 mil­lion jobs by 2020, ac­cord­ing to a guide­line plan on em­ploy­ment re­leased this year by the State Coun­cil, China’s Cab­i­net.

Some pres­sure is ex­pected this year for job seek­ers, how­ever, as a record high 7.95 mil­lion col­lege stu­dents and about 5 mil­lion stu­dents at sec­ondary oc­cu­pa­tional schools are ex­pected to grad­u­ate this sum­mer, Li said.

In ad­di­tion, thou­sands of work­ers are wait­ing to be trans­ferred to other posts from fac­to­ries that are sched­uled to cut ex­cess pro­duc­tion ca­pac­ity.

“We will cul­ti­vate an en­vi­ron­ment that helps busi­ness star­tups and cre­ates new jobs, in­stead of re­ly­ing solely on the gov­ern­ment. With their hard work and wis­dom, the public will make ‘ a golden bowl’ for a bet­ter life,” he said, mak­ing ref­er­ence to the “iron rice bowl”, or guar­an­teed gov­ern­ment jobs, of past eras.

Yin Weimin, min­is­ter of hu­man re­sources and so­cial se­cu­rity, said last week that while col­lege grad­u­ates re­main an im­por­tant group, more than 3 mil­lion peo­ple from ru­ral ar­eas also are ex­pected to find jobs in cities.

Che Xiaorui, an NPC deputy from Zhe­jiang prov­ince, sug­gested the strength­en­ing of pro­fes­sional train­ing and co­op­er­a­tion be­tween schools and en­ter­prises to help grad­u­ates find sat­is­fy­ing jobs.

Last year, 720,000 work­ers were trans­ferred to other posts amid the coun­try’s cam­paign to cut over­ca­pac­ity in some tra­di­tional in­dus­tries like the coal and steel sec­tors, Li said. The cen­tral gov­ern­ment spent 100 bil­lion yuan ($14.5 bil­lion) last year to help lo­cal gov­ern­ments in the cam­paign, the premier said.

Ex­cess ca­pac­ity will be cut in the coal-gen­er­ated power sec­tor this year, which will cause a to­tal of 1 mil­lion work­ers also to be trans­ferred to other po­si­tions, Li added.

“Jobs are the ori­gin of wealth and the ma­jor source of res­i­dents’ in­comes, and we have car­ried out proac­tive poli­cies on em­ploy­ment in re­cent years. This year, pri­or­ity is be­ing given to this area to keep a low un­em­ploy­ment rate,” he said.

KUANG LINHUA / CHINA DAILY

An­drey Kir­illov, a re­porter for Rus­sian news agency ITAR-Tass, asks Premier Li Ke­qiang a ques­tion dur­ing a news con­fer­ence in Bei­jing on Wed­nes­day.

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