IPO surge may lower stock prices
Anticipation of the regulator’s acceleration of new share sale approvals as well as the push for financial deleveraging could be a source of pressure on the Chinese stock market in the coming weeks, analysts say.
There have been signs that the Chinese regulator wants to accelerate the approval of initial public offerings this year as pressure in the IPO pipeline has been mounting, with more than 700 companies queueing to issue new shares.
In the past two weeks alone, the regulator has approved 24 IPOs, more than doubling the number of deals of the same period in 2016.
“This is a signal that the regulator is speeding up the approval of IPOs, which could weigh on the current market price,” says Li Yuebo, an analyst with Industrial Securities Co Ltd.
The China International Capital Corp estimated that the regulator will likely approve about 500 IPOs this year, raising roughly 300 billion yuan ($43.8 billion; 29.6 billion euros; £26.2 billion).
The State-run Xinhua News Agency last week quoted experts as saying that China’s “normalization” of IPOs could help raise the financing efficiency of companies and direct more capital into the real economy. The report made the market more volatile, as investors worried that more IPOs could drain market liquidity and push down stock prices.
The securities regulator also said on Jan 20 that it will adopt new measures to curb frequent refinancing deals by listed companies or a single deal that raises an excess amount of capital. The regulatory move could help channel more capital into the IPO market.
Lu Xiaofeng, analyst with BOC International Co Ltd, says that the overall market will maintain the trend of consolidation ahead of the Chinese New Year holiday as factors, including the acceleration of IPOs, will lead to a reduced risk appetite among investors.
Meanwhile, Gao Ting, head of China strategy at UBS Securities, says the Chinese government’s effort to push for financial deleveraging will likely continue, which could be a source of pressure on the markets in the coming months.
In addition, 52 percent of investors surveyed by UBS identified depreciation of the renminbi and capital outflows as the biggest risks for the A-share market this year, followed by economic weakness driven by another property slowdown (32 percent) and spillover of bond market volatility into stocks (16 percent).
Nonetheless, the majority of investors polled by UBS are optimistic on Chinese stocks, with 86 percent expecting the MSCI China Index to strengthen in the next 12 months, and over 50 percent expecting at least a 5 percent increase.
“Nearly 80 percent of investors said they believe the rally in cyclical sectors will continue this year, as supply-side reform deepens and demand recovers,” Gao says.