A more mul­ti­po­lar world

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - COMMENT -

The year 2013 has wit­nessed pos­i­tive de­vel­op­ments in some hot spot re­gional is­sues, which is clear proof that ma­jor pow­ers in the world have en­hanced their co­or­di­na­tion and prag­matic co­op­er­a­tion on in­ter­na­tional is­sues, said an opin­ion piece in Peo­ple’s Daily on Mon­day. This sum­mer, the chaotic sit­u­a­tion in Syria al­most went from bad to worse. Luck­ily, the United States and Rus­sia reached an agree­ment on Syria’s chem­i­cal weapons is­sue, and the sit­u­a­tion took a turn for the bet­ter. Now var­i­ous coun­tries and the United Na­tions are mak­ing moves to dis­pose of Syria’s deadly weapons.

Pos­i­tive signs have also emerged in the Ira­nian nu­clear is­sue. Af­ter years of en­mity, the re­la­tion­ship be­tween the US and Iran has be­gun to thaw, and Iran and the P5+1 coun­tries (Bri­tain, China, France, Rus­sia, the US and Ger­many) have reached a pre­lim­i­nary agree­ment on the is­sue.

In the eco­nomic sec­tor, af­ter marathon ne­go­ti­a­tions, the World Trade Or­ga­ni­za­tion fi­nally achieved a break­through with a pack­age con­sist­ing of 10 doc­u­ments in the ar­eas of trade fa­cil­i­ta­tion, agri­cul­ture and de­vel­op­ment.

All th­ese pos­i­tive signs show coun­tries around the world have rec­og­nized the press­ing need to re­solve the ma­jor is­sues the world is fac­ing to­day.

To a great ex­tent, the fu­ture di­rec­tion of the world or­der hinges on the trend of glob­al­iza­tion. Whether to con­tinue to dwell on the old geopo­lit­i­cal pol­i­tics or adopt a broader vi­sion to re­al­ize global peace and sta­bil­ity is a ques­tion that should have only one an­swer.

But al­though some small- and medium-sized coun­tries have pur­sued a more bal­anced re­gional se­cu­rity frame­work to sus­tain sta­ble de­vel­op­ment, some coun­tries have tried to make rules in world eco­nomic co­op­er­a­tion frame­works to bet­ter suit their na­tional in­ter­ests through ad­just­ments in their po­lit­i­cal and eco­nomic poli­cies.

Amid th­ese trends, one ten­dency in par­tic­u­lar should make us alert. Some have tried to main­tain their lead­ing role in world af­fairs through re­or­ga­ni­za­tion of old pow­ers in the name of equi­lib­rium of power, which will only trig­ger an even more se­ri­ous im­bal­ance in world or­der.

How the sys­tem of in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions can be adapted more smoothly to the mo­men­tum of glob­al­iza­tion and the trend to­ward a mul­ti­po­lar world is a ques­tion for peo­ple around the world to pon­der in 2014 and be­yond.

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