The Con­sti­tu­tion and Laws

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - DOCUMENT -

China has es­tab­lished a le­gal sys­tem with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics. With the Con­sti­tu­tion at the core, it is based on laws re­lated to the Con­sti­tu­tion, the civil laws, the com­mer­cial laws, and other ma­jor branches of the laws, and con­sists of laws, ad­min­is­tra­tive reg­u­la­tions, and lo­cal reg­u­la­tions, pro­vid­ing a le­gal ba­sis for the peo­ple’s right to de­vel­op­ment.

As the na­tion’s fun­da­men­tal law, the Con­sti­tu­tion es­tab­lishes and pro­tects the peo­ple’s right to de­vel­op­ment in all re­spects. In the Pream­ble, equal de­vel­op­ment is set as the fun­da­men­tal guid­ing prin­ci­ple, and the na­tion’s core task is to “pro­mote the co­or­di­nated de­vel­op­ment of the ma­te­rial, po­lit­i­cal and spir­i­tual civ­i­liza­tions, and to turn China into a so­cial­ist coun­try that is pros­per­ous, pow­er­ful, demo­cratic and cul­tur­ally ad­vanced.” The Con­sti­tu­tion es­tab­lishes such prin­ci­ples as the peo­ple’s democ­racy, equal de­vel­op­ment, and stip­u­lates that “All power in the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China be­longs to the peo­ple” ; “The peo­ple ad­min­is­ter state af­fairs and man­age eco­nomic and cul­tural un­der­tak­ings and so­cial af­fairs through var­i­ous chan­nels and in var­i­ous ways in ac­cor­dance with the pro­vi­sions of law” ; “The state de­vel­ops a re­la­tion­ship of equal­ity, unity and mu­tual as­sis­tance among all of China’s na­tion­al­i­ties.” Ar­ti­cle 33 of the Con­sti­tu­tion sets the fun­da­men­tal prin­ci­ple that “The state re­spects and pre­serves hu­man rights.” In Chap­ter II, the Con­sti­tu­tion stip­u­lates the Chi­nese ci­ti­zens’ right to eco­nomic, po­lit­i­cal, cul­tural, and so­cial de­vel­op­ment.

China has pro­mul­gated and im­ple­mented a se­ries of laws and


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