Nie Shubin is arrested by police in Shijiazhuang, Hebei province, for allegedly raping and killing a woman. Nie is sentenced to death by Shijiazhuang Intermediate People’s Court for homicide and rape. Nie later appeals to a higher court. Nie is executed after his appeal is rejected by Provincial High People’s Court of Hebei. Wang Shujin, a native of Hebei, is detained and charged with murder and rape in many other cases. Wang confesses that he is the culprit in Nie’s case. Judicial departments in Hebei begin to reinvestigate Nie’s case. Wang is sentenced to death. The death penalty awaits final approval by the Supreme People’s Court, the top court. Provincial High People’s Court of Hebei announces that there is no evidence suggesting Wang was the culprit in Nie’s case. The top court designates Shandong Provincial High People’s Court to reinvestigate Nie’s case. The top court asks one of its branch courts, the Second Circuit Court, in Shenyang, Liaoning province, to retry Nie’s case. Nie is pronounced innocent.