Chi­nese play key role in over­seas stu­dent mo­bil­ity

Be­tween 1978 and 2015, more than 4 mil­lion stud­ied in­ter­na­tion­ally; 2.2 mil­lion re­turned

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - CHINA - By ZHAO XINYING zhaoxiny­ing@chi­nadaily.com.cn

China has the largest num­ber of stu­dents study­ing over­seas and they play a key role in the trends of in­ter­na­tional stu­dent mo­bil­ity, ac­cord­ing to a re­port.

China had a to­tal of 1.26 mil­lion stu­dents over­seas as of 2015, ac­count­ing for 25 per­cent of the world’s to­tal num­ber of stu­dents study­ing out­side their na­tive coun­try, mean­ing one in four such stu­dents is from China, ac­cord­ing to the 2016 Re­port on the De­vel­op­ment of Chi­nese Stu­dents Study­ing Abroad.

The re­port was re­leased by the Cen­ter for China and Glob­al­iza­tion think tank in Bei­jing on Mon­day. It was the fifth time that the an­nual re­port has been re­leased.

The re­port said China is the largest ori­gin of in­ter­na­tional stu­dents for English-speak­ing coun­tries in­clud­ing the United States, the United King­dom, Canada and Aus­tralia. Mean­while, Chi­nese stu­dents also make up the largest pro­por­tion among in­ter­na­tional stu­dents of coun­tries in the “Chi­nesecul­ture cir­cle”, such as Ja­pan, South Korea and Sin­ga­pore.

“Be­cause of their large num­bers, Chi­nese stu­dents and their mo­bil­ity have a big im­pact glob­ally,” the re­port said.

The re­port also found that more stu­dents are re­turn­ing to China after fin­ish­ing their stud­ies over­seas. Of­fi­cial sta- tis­tics show that more than 4 mil­lion Chi­nese stud­ied abroad be­tween 1978 and 2015, with 2.2 mil­lion of those re­turn­ing to China.

In re­cent years, the gap be­tween the num­ber of those go­ing abroad and re­turn­ing each year has been fur­ther nar­rowed, the re­port said.

How­ever, those re­turn­ing also face more chal­lenges, as the num­ber of such grad­u­ates has in­creased rapidly, the re­port added. More than 60 per­cent of grad­u­ates re­turn­ing from over­seas study are tak­ing en­try-level posts and a ma­jor­ity of them are not con­tent with their jobs.

About 12 per­cent of them choose to start their own busi­nesses and fa­vor en­trepreneur­ships in strate­gic, emerg­ing in­dus­tries such as bio­engi­neer­ing and in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy. They pre­fer to work in first-tier cities such as Bei­jing, and Shang­hai, but many have en­coun­tered dif­fi­cul­ties such as high costs and other fi­nan­cial is­sues.

Miao Lu, sec­re­tary-gen­eral of the think tank, said mea­sures should be taken to cre­ate a bet­ter en­vi­ron­ment for grad­u­ates re­turn­ing from over­seas to work or start their own busi­nesses in China.

“In ad­di­tion, ob­sta­cles should be fur­ther re­moved to al­low such grad­u­ates to join all lev­els of gov­ern­ment de­part­ments, pub­lic in­sti­tu­tions and Sta­te­owned en­ter­prises,” Miao said.

A re­port on the de­vel­op­ment of Chi­nese stu­dents abroad found that such stu­dents are head­ing to study over­seas at an in­creas­ingly younger age. The num­ber of those go­ing abroad dur­ing mid­dle school, or even pri­mary school, is grow­ing rapidly.

The 2016 sur­vey, con­ducted by the Cen­ter for China and Glob­al­iza­tion and con­sult­ing com­pany MyCOS showed that high school is be­com­ing a pop­u­lar time for Chi­nese stu­dents to start their over­seas stud­ies.

Ac­cord­ing to the sur­vey, the pro­por­tion of Chi­nese stu­dents seek­ing high school

ZOU HONG / CHINA DAILY

Time-tested medicine

Mi­lan Bace­vic, Ser­bian am­bas­sador to China, re­ceives mox­i­bus­tion at an event open to diplo­mats at a clinic of the Tra­di­tional Chi­nese Medicine Cen­ter in Bei­jing on Mon­day. The ther­apy in­volves the burn­ing of a small amount of mug­wort, a medic­i­nal herb, on the skin to stim­u­late an acupunc­ture point. A to­tal of 34 diplo­mats and their fam­i­lies at­tended the TCM event.

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