Na­tion to build a sys­tem in­te­grat­ing data and in­for­ma­tion re­sources

Move ex­pected to boost ef­fi­ciency and ex­pand mar­ket op­por­tu­ni­ties of the key sec­tor

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - POLICY REVIEW - By HU YONGQI huy­ongqi@chi­nadaily.com.cn

The cen­tral gov­ern­ment will pro­mote the shar­ing of data and in­for­ma­tion to build an in­te­grated, con­nected and se­cure data sys­tem for the na­tion, a move that ex­perts be­lieve will boost ef­fi­ciency and ex­pand mar­ket op­por­tu­ni­ties.

This was part of the Guide­line on State In­forma­ti­za­tion for the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-20), which was ap­proved at a State Coun­cil ex­ec­u­tive meet­ing presided over by Pre­mier Li Ke­qiang on Wed­nes­day.

Ac­cord­ing to a state­ment re­leased after the meet­ing, bar­ri­ers to shar­ing in­for­ma­tion will be over­come to es­tab­lish an in­te­grated, con­nected and se­cure sys­tem for the na­tion’s data re­sources by in­ter­con­nect­ing in­for­ma­tion sys­tems be­tween dif­fer­ent gov­ern­ment de­part­ments and ac­cel­er­at­ing the process of pub­li­ciz­ing data for the pub­lic.

Ac­cord­ing to four ma­jor tar­gets set in the guide­line, the coun­try will strengthen broad­band in ru­ral ar­eas while fur­ther re­duc­ing costs, build a sys­tem to mon­i­tor and tackle in­for­ma­tion se­cu­rity and pro­mote 12 pri­or­ity projects, in­clud­ing 5 th-gen­er­a­tion telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion tech­nolo­gies. Mean­while, on­line scam­mers will be the fo­cus of a se­vere crack­down and sterner pun­ish­ment as the guide­line also set a goal to con­tain such frauds.

In­forma­ti­za­tion and dig­i­tal­iza­tion have great sig­nif­i­cance to the na­tional strate­gies of “Made in China 2025” and in­no­va­tion, as well as im­prov­ing peo­ple’s liveli­hood, the state­ment said.

Data shar­ing is fun­da­men­tal to the de­vel­op­ment of in­forma­ti­za­tion in the in­ter­net era, and the guide­line showed the coun­try’s de­ter­mi­na­tion to over­come the bar­ri­ers and closely con­nect core data and in­for­ma­tion,

Pol­icy digest

said Ning Ji­a­jun, a con­sul­tant for the Ad­vi­sory Com­mit­tee for State In­forma­ti­za­tion. He added that this will prob­a­bly speed up the in­forma­ti­za­tion process.

At present, most of the core data is be­ing con­trolled by key gov­ern­ment de­part­ments, which has cre­ated “artificial walls and iso­lated is­lands” to ob­struct dis­tri­bu­tion and shar­ing of data and in­for­ma­tion, said Ning.

Zhang Lin is a 22-year-old se­nior stu­dent ma­jor­ing in pub­lic man­age­ment in Bei-

Some of us have en­tered the age of in­for­ma­tion but some have not.” Zhou Han­hua, re­searcher, Chi­nese Academy of So­cial Sciences

jing. He com­plained of the dif­fi­culty of find­ing gov­ern­men­tal records to com­plete his grad­u­a­tion the­sis on ur­ban af­ford­able hous­ing.

“In my first pro­posal, I wanted to write on the costs and ben­e­fits of pro­vid­ing low-in­come peo­ple with af­ford­able apart­ments. How­ever, I couldn’t find any pub­lic in­for­ma­tion on the cost. Then I had to ad­just to the sta­tus quo of ur­ban af­forda- ble hous­ing, which my in­struc­tor thought was too gen­eral,” Zhang said.

“But that’s the only part of my spe­cial­ized area I found spe­cific in­for­ma­tion and data to sup­port my the­sis. My friend found all the records needed for his the­sis for his mas­ter’s de­gree in New York, 90 per­cent of which was avail­able on­line or in the li­brary,” Zhang said.

As a coun­try un­der­go­ing one of the most rapid de­vel­op­ments of in­ter­net tech­nol­ogy, China is en­cour­ag­ing the in­te­gra­tion of the in­ter­net with other in­dus­tries such as tra­di­tional man­u­fac­tur­ing and agri­cul­ture. But huge amounts of data and in­for­ma­tion, which are be­ing gen­er­ated to help sell­ers find mar­ket op­por­tu­ni­ties, are still hid­den from most peo­ple.

Shar­ing of data and in­for­ma­tion has also been a ma­jor con­cern for the Pre­mier. At the open­ing cer­e­mony of the China Big Data Sum­mit in May in Guiyang, cap­i­tal of South­west China’s Guizhou province, Li said the gov­ern­ment has 80 per­cent of data and in­for­ma­tion gen­er­ated in the na­tion and will pub­li­cize more in­for­ma­tion, ex­cept that which is re­lated to na­tional se­cu­rity, com­mer­cial se­crets and pri­vacy. By do­ing this, the gov­ern­ment can cre­ate a mar­ket of fair com­pe­ti­tion while in­te­grat­ing with the in­ter­net and big data to boost pub­lic ser­vices, he added.

The cen­tral gov­ern­ment has been pro­mot­ing the shar­ing of data and in­for­ma­tion as the State Coun­cil has held sev­eral ex­ec­u­tive meet­ings since Novem­ber 2015 on in­te­grat­ing the in­ter­net with gov­ern­ment ser­vices, aim­ing to sim­plify the process of ap­prov­ing ap­pli­ca­tions by re­lo­cat­ing the pro­vi­sion of ser­vices away from phys­i­cal gov­ern­ment build­ings to on­line.

Data and broad­band are in­fra­struc­ture for on­line busi­ness and ser­vices, said Zhou Han­hua, a re­searcher on gov­ern­men­tal in­for­ma­tion at the Chi­nese Academy of So­cial Sciences.

“Some of us have en­tered the age of in­for­ma­tion but some have not, due to lack of a shar­ing mech­a­nism be­tween dif­fer­ent de­part­ments. That should be al­tered to boost ef­fi­ciency and make it sim­ple for the pub­lic to get their ap­pli­ca­tions done,” Zhou added.

gap be­tween the dis­pos­able in­come of ur­ban and ru­ral res­i­dents

per­cent

the av­er­age an­nual growth of farm­ers’ per capita dis­pos­able in­come from 2011 to 2016

Farm­ers’ in­come is of es­sen­tial im­por­tance to the healthy de­vel­op­ment of the whole so­ci­ety, and only with farm­ers get­ting a fair share of so­cial wealth, could our na­tion be truly called pros­per­ous, the spokesman said. The doc­u­ment aims to of­fer more pol­icy sup­port to farm­ers so that their in­come grows steadily.

Ru­ral health in­sur­ance

Re­spond­ing to re­ports about peo­ple in cer­tain re­gions cheat­ing ru­ral health in­sur­ance, the Na­tional Health and Fam­ily Plan­ning Com­mis­sion told re­porters that it will crack down on such il­le­gal ac­tion to­gether with the po­lice and fi­nance de­part­ments. Inspection groups will be sent to all re­gions to check tax cer­tifi­cates of med­i­cal bills to curb cheat­ing. Be­fore the inspection groups ar­rive, health de­part­ments of var­i­ous lev­els should au­dit their own ac­counts first.

Food Safety

The China Food and Drug Ad­min­is­tra­tion told the me­dia the re­sult of re­cent ran­dom in­spec­tions of agri­cul­tural prod­ucts that in­clude dairy prod­ucts, soft drinks, and wine. Of the 640 sam­ples checked, eight failed to meet rel­e­vant re­quire­ments.

Safe pro­duc­tion

The State Ad­min­is­tra­tion of Work Safety and the State Ad­min­is­tra­tion of Coal Mine Safety said they sent four se­cret inspection groups to ma­jor coal-pro­duc­ing prov­inces re­cently to in­spect safety mea­sures. In Buyi Miao au­tonomous re­gion, South­west China’s Guizhou province, some coal mines were found to be lax on safety mea­sures de­spite the lo­cal safety bureau’s or­der; in Zhao­tong city, South­west China’s Yun­nan province, they even dis­cov­ered an il­le­gal coal mine.

The inspection groups sent of­fi­cial doc­u­ments to the lo­cal gov­ern­ments, re­quir­ing them to ef­fec­tively su­per­vise the coal mines in their re­gions.

SHI YU FOR CHINA DAILY

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