Modern life presents new se­cu­rity chal­lenges

Blue Book re­port says au­thor­i­ties must watch for emerg­ing vul­ner­a­bil­i­ties

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - TOP NEWS - By CUI JIA cui­jia@chi­nadaily.com.cn

Fraud com­mit­ted through in­ter­net fi­nanc­ing plat­forms, dif­fi­culty in over­see­ing the bur­geon­ing pack­age de­liv­ery sys­tem and weak con­trols over ren­tal hous­ing present new pub­lic se­cu­rity threats for China, a re­port said.

While changes brought by the in­ter­net and the free flow of peo­ple have made life more con­ve­nient, they also pose new chal­lenges in main­tain­ing pub­lic se­cu­rity, ac­cord­ing to the 2017 Blue Book of China’s So­ci­ety, re­leased by the Chi­nese Academy of So­cial Sci­ences on Wed­nes­day.

The Blue Book also warns that China must be pre­pared for pos­si­ble attacks, es­pe­cially in em­bassy ar­eas, soc­cer sta­di­ums and sub­ways.

“We’ve seen a large num­ber of crim­i­nals us­ing on­line peerto-peer lend­ing plat­forms to trick in­vestors. In one case, 900,000 peo­ple be­came vic­tims. The num­ber of large in­ci­dents caused by such il­le­gal fundrais­ing ac­tiv­i­ties in the first six months of 2016 has sig­nif­i­cantly in­creased year-on-year,” said Zhou Yan­dong, an in­struc­tor at the School of Pub­lic Or­der, part of the Peo­ple’s Pub­lic Se­cu­rity Univer­sity of China.

An­other chal­lenge has been cre­ated by de­liv­er­ies re­sult­ing from the boom in e-com­merce.

Dur­ing the first half of 2016, Chi­nese couri­ers de­liv­ered over 13.2 bil­lion pack­ages, an in­crease of 43.4 per­cent yearon-year. But pub­lic se­cu­rity forces also have no­ticed de­liv­er­ies be­ing used to trans­port­ing dan­ger­ous chem­i­cals, drugs, knives and firearms, ac­cord­ing to the Blue Book.

“The safety mon­i­tor­ing sys­tem in China’s lo­gis­tics in­dus­try is still very weak and can­not cope with fast devel­op­ment of the in­dus­try. The gov­ern­ment needs to en­cour­age the couri­ers and in­di­vid­u­als to re­port any sus­pi­cious pack­ages to pub­lic se­cu­rity de­part­ments,” Zhou said.

House rentals, es­pe­cially in­volv­ing short-term leases, also have cre­ated a loop­hole in pub­lic se­cu­rity man­age­ment.

bil­lion

num­ber of pack­ages de­liv­ered in China in the first half of this year, up 43.4 per­cent year-on-year

In some cases, peo­ple move in us­ing a fake ID num­ber and land­lords don’t bother to ver­ify the ten­ants’ iden­tity, the Blue Book said.

“Such ren­tal houses have be­come the per­fect hide­outs for pros­ti­tutes, drug deal­ers and users, and even ter­ror­ists,” Zhou said.

New ur­ban com­mu­ni­ties formed by for­mer ru­ral vil­lagers also present a vul­ner­a­bil­ity in terms of con­flicts and crime be­cause pub­lic ser­vices and the ad­min­is­tra­tion of such com­mu­ni­ties usu­ally are rel­a­tively weak. Also, res­i­dents are still ad­just­ing to a new life and some­times feel lost in the cities, the re­port said.

While ter­ror­ist attacks have hit many coun­tries in 2016, China has man­aged to thwart such attacks. Still, it must guard against attacks in semipub­lic and pri­vate spa­ces where law en­force­ment is weaker, Zhou said.

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