Traces of an­cient homes dis­cov­ered in Sichuan

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - CHINA - By HUANG ZHILING in Chengdu huangzhiling@ chi­

Ar­chae­ol­o­gists have dis­cov­ered more than 3,500 an­cient post holes on the An­ning River Plain in Sichuan prov­ince.

The holes were made to hold posts for the construction of shel­ters more than 1,800 years be­fore the es­tab­lish­ment of the Qin Dy­nasty (221-206 BC), China’s first feu­dal dy­nasty.

The holes were found in 2014 af­ter ar­chae­ol­o­gists be­gan the ex­ca­va­tion to en­sure no cul­tural relics were dam­aged in the build­ing of the Emei-Miyi sec­tion of the high­speed Chengdu-Kun­ming rail­way line link­ing Sichuan and neigh­bor­ing Yun­nan prov­ince, said Song Ming, an in­for­ma­tion of­fi­cer with the Liang­shan Yi au­ton­o­mous pre­fec­ture gov­ern­ment.

Chen Wei, a lead­ing ar­chae­ol­o­gist from the Sichuan Pro­vin­cial Cul­tural Relics and Ar­chae­ol­ogy Re­search In­sti­tute, said ar­chae­ol­o­gists from the in­sti­tute as well as the Liang­shan Yi Au­ton­o­mous Pre­fec­ture Mu­seum and Panzhi­hua Bureau of Cul­tural Her­itage co­op­er­ated in the ex­ca­va­tion.

Nearly 50 square pits dat­ing back to the pre-Qin pe­riod were found, with the length of their sides rang­ing from 2.8 to 3.5 me­ters, and depths rang­ing from 0.15 to 0.6 me­ters. They could be the re­mains of semi-crypt type res­i­dences, Chen said.

It was the largest num­ber of re­mains of semi-crypt type res­i­dences ever found on the An­ning River Plain, he said.

Grave­yards cov­er­ing more than 2,000 square me­ters were dis­cov­ered in the ex­ca­va­tion. Most of the tombs were made of ver­ti­cal pits, urns and stones.

Ar­chae­ol­o­gists hailed the find­ings on the An­ning River Plain in Liang­shan and neigh­bor­ing Panzhi­hua as the sec­ond-largest num­ber of pre­Qin hu­man set­tle­ments ever found in Sichuan, be­hind only those on the Chengdu Plain.

“They will also change the long-stand­ing con­cept that Liang­shan was bar­ren in an­cient times,” Song said.


An­cient res­i­dences are ex­ca­vated in Sichuan prov­ince.

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