Re­port: New laws re­quired to re­duce traf­fic risk

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - CHINA - By XU WEI xuwei@chi­nadaily.com.cn

China should amend its law on road traf­fic safety, as the il­le­gal pro­duc­tion and mod­i­fi­ca­tion of ve­hi­cles and elec­tric bikes poses mount­ing threats to road safety, ac­cord­ing to a re­port re­leased by the top leg­is­la­ture on Wed­nes­day.

The re­port on the im­ple­men­ta­tion of an amended road traf­fic safety law, con­ducted by the Stand­ing Com­mit­tee of the Na­tional Peo­ple’s Congress, said that a sharp in­crease in the num­ber of ve­hi­cles and driv­ers poses ma­jor chal­lenges to traf­fic man­age­ment and a re­vi­sion of the law is nec­es­sary to en­able the au­thor­i­ties to cope with the is­sue.

mil­lion

“There is a need to step up pun­ish­ments for those vi­o­lat­ing the law, es­pe­cially in terms of over­load­ing of trucks, and the il­le­gal pro­duc­tion and sales of ve­hi­cles,” the re­port said.

The il­le­gal pro­duc­tion, mod­i­fi­ca­tion and use of cargo trucks poses a ma­jor chal­lenge to road safety, as the safety per­for­mance of such ve­hi­cles is greatly de­creased, mak­ing them more sus­cep­ti­ble to brake and steering fail­ure, the re­port said.

The over­load­ing of cargo trucks ac­counted for more than 60 per­cent of ma­jor traf­fic ac­ci­dents in­volv­ing such trucks in 2015, the leg­is­la­ture said.

Rising num­bers of un­li­censed elec­tric cars is an­other prob­lem. “Such ve­hi­cles can­not meet the com­pul­sory stan­dards for ve­hi­cles and have poor safety in­dexes. They con­trib­ute to traf­fic con­ges­tion and lead to ac­ci­dents,” the re­port said.

The il­le­gal pro­duc­tion and use of elec­tric bikes is an­other ma­jor is­sue, as large num­bers of high­speed, large-sized elec­tric bikes vi­o­late traf­fic reg­u­la­tions and cause ac­ci­dents.

To solve such is­sues, au­thor­i­ties should tighten law en­force­ment and crack down on il­le­gal at­tempts to mod­ify and re­pair ve­hi­cles that have al­ready been scrapped, the leg­is­la­ture said.

China’s law on road traf­fic safety was en­acted on May 1, 2005. Since then, the num­ber of driv­ers has in­creased from 75 mil­lion to 327 mil­lion in 2015, and the num­ber of ve­hi­cles has in­creased from 107 mil­lion to 278 mil­lion in the same pe­riod.

The re­port was con­ducted by polling more than 334,000 peo­ple through news por­tals and the web­sites of pro­vin­cial-level peo­ple’s con­gresses and traf­fic man­age­ment au­thor­i­ties.

About 62 per­cent of re­spon­dents said they be­lieve driv­ers of elec­tric bikes com­mit the most se­vere vi­o­la­tions of the law. About 38 per­cent of re­spon­dents said mo­tor­bikes and trucks that trans­port construction ma­te­ri­als and waste also com­mit “rel­a­tively se­vere” vi­o­la­tions of the law.

A ma­jor­ity of re­spon­dents said im­proper ur­ban plan­ning, an in­crease in the num­ber ve­hi­cles and traf­fic vi­o­la­tions are the top three rea­sons for traf­fic con­ges­tion.

ve­hi­cles were on the roads na­tion­wide last year, up from 107 mil­lion in 2005.

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