Cities urged to pre­pare bet­ter for mi­grant in­flow

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - TOP NEWS - By WANG YANFEI wangyan­fei@chi­

With ris­ing ur­ban pop­u­la­tion den­sity, ma­jor chal­lenges in­clude a ris­ing level of air polGovern­ments need to lu­tion, equal ac­cess to ed­u­cain­crease ru­ral mi­grants’ ac­cess tional op­por­tu­ni­ties and highto so­cial ser­vices and im­prove qual­ity and com­pre­hen­sive en­vi­ron­men­tal con­di­tions to health­care for ur­ban and ru­ral cope with chal­lenges amid the res­i­dents alike, ac­cord­ing to na­tion’s ur­ban­iza­tionXu.process, a se­nior of­fi­cialT with the he na­tion is aim­ing for an na­tion’s top eco­nomic pla­nur­ban­iza­tion rate of 60 pern­ing body said on Tues­day. cent by 2020.

Xu Lin, di­rec­tor-gen­eral The fig­ure was 56.1 per­cent of the Depart­ment of Deve­lat the end of last year, ac­cor­dop­men­tal Plan­ning of the ing to the Na­tional Bureau of Na­tional De­vel­op­ment and Statis­tics. Re­form Com­mis­sion, said Zhou Muzhi, a pro­fes­sor at many cities are not yet well Tokyo Keizai Univer­sity, said pre­pared to cope with the that in or­der to cope with chal­lenges brought by ru­ral chal­lenges, Chi­nese cities mi­grants. need to im­prove their per- for­mance in many as­pects in­stead of fo­cus­ing only on eco­nomic growth.

Zhou cited the ex­am­ple of Bei­jing, which out­stripped its clos­est eco­nomic com­peti­tor Shang­hai to rank at the top of 295 cities na­tion­wide, ac­cord­ing to the China In­te­grated City In­dex, which ranks cities ac­cord­ing to eco­nomic and so­cial de­vel­op­ment and en­vi­ron­men­tal qual­ity.

De­spite rel­a­tively high eco­nomic per­for­mance, the city needs to make a lot more ef­forts to se­cure its rank­ing in ar­eas such as the en­vi­ron­ment and so­cial de­vel­op­ment, he said.

“Ur­ban ar­eas need to take ac­tions be­fore more pop­u­la­tion comes in,” he added. “The trend of more pop­u­la­tion in­flows to de­vel­oped re­gions, such as Bei­jing, is ir­re­versible.”

Cities in China’s three ma­jor ur­ban clus­ters — the Yangtze River Delta, the Bei­jing-Tian­jin-He­bei re­gion and the Pearl River Delta — cur­rently at­tract huge pop­u­la­tion in­flows, ac­cord­ing to Zhou.

Seven­teen of the top 30 cities where mi­grants out­num­ber per­ma­nent res­i­dents are lo­cated in those three clus­ters, the in­dex showed.

Co-com­piled by the Na­tional De­vel­op­ment and Re­form Com­mis­sion and the Cloud River Ur­ban Re­search In­sti­tute, the China In­te­grated City In­dex, re­leased ear­lier this month, is the first au­thor­i­ta­tive and com­pre­hen­sive study of its kind.

Ur­ban ar­eas need to take ac­tions be­fore more pop­u­la­tion comes in.” Zhou Muzhi, a pro­fes­sor at Tokyo Keizai Univer­sity

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