Courts set to im­prove ef­fi­ciency

Move aims to re­lieve bur­den of case hear­ings on Supreme Peo­ple’s Court, of­fi­cial says

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - CHINA - By CANG WEI in Nan­jing and QI XIN in Zhengzhou

Two new cir­cuit courts — one in Nan­jing, Jiangsu prov­ince, and the other in Zhengzhou, He­nan prov­ince — were es­tab­lished on Wed­nes­day to im­prove ju­di­cial ef­fi­ciency and re­duce the bur­den of case hear­ings on the Supreme Peo­ple’s Court.

All 12 pre­sid­ing judges of the Third Cir­cuit Court in Nan­jing will be from the top court. The pre­sid­ing judges, with an av­er­age age of 45, each have at least 10 years of ex­pe­ri­ence.

The court will hear cases from Shang­hai as well as Jiangsu, Zhe­jiang, Fu­jian and Jiangxi prov­inces. Judges spe­cial­iz­ing in fi­nance, en­vi­ron­men­tal pro­tec­tion and the in­ter­net have been cho­sen to work for the court.

cir­cuit courts

The Fourth Cir­cuit Court in Zhengzhou is re­spon­si­ble for hear­ing cases from He­nan, Shanxi, An­hui and Hubei prov­inces.

Un­der the lat­est ju­di­cial in­ter­pre­ta­tion is­sued by the top court on Wed­nes­day, the cur­rent six cir­cuit courts cover 26 prov­inces, mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties and au­ton­o­mous re­gions across China.

It also ex­panded the work of the First Cir­cuit Court in Shen­zhen, adding cases from Hu­nan prov­ince.

Jiang Bixin, vice-pres­i­dent of the Supreme Peo­ple’s Court and pres­i­dent of the Third Cir­cuit Court, said cir­cuit courts are re­spon­si­ble for 11 kinds of cases, in­clud­ing com­pli­cated ad­min­is­tra­tive and crim­i­nal com­plaint cases. They also deal with let­ters and vis­i­tors ap­peal­ing for help from the Supreme Peo­ple’s Court.

“Cir­cuit courts ease the bur­den of the na­tional top court,” said Jiang, adding that cases within the ju­ris­dic­tion of the Third Cir­cuit Court from Jan­uary to mid-De­cem­ber ac­counted for more than 25 per­cent of the coun­try’s to­tal.

“They will also save time

Briefly

and money for lit­i­gants as they no longer have to go to the Supreme Peo­ple’s Court in Bei­jing,” he said.

Jing Han­chao, pres­i­dent of the Fourth Cir­cuit Court, said the es­tab­lish­ment of cir­cuit courts will help im­prove ju­di­cial cred­i­bil­ity and main­tain jus­tice.

“Pro­nounc­ing the sen­tence in court will be en­cour­aged to pro­mote ju­di­cial cred­i­bil­ity,” Jing said. “Pre­sid­ing judges and as­sis­tant judges will not be in­volved in cases from their home­towns.”

He added that the courts will ac­tively ex­plore the mech­a­nism of ra­tio­nal de­cen­tral­iza­tion and ef­fec­tive su­per­vi­sion to en­sure in­de­pen­dent and fair ver­dicts.

Xie Fuzhan, Party chief of He­nan, said the cir­cuit court will help lo­cal courts to han­dle cross-re­gional cases ef­fec­tively, which also ben­e­fits the ju­di­cial con­struc­tion process in He­nan and its neigh­bor­ing prov­inces.

“It also re­duces the cost of law­suits,” Xie said.

Jing said the four prov­inces in Cen­tral China re­cently achieved a new key stage in eco­nomic growth, which must be ac­com­pa­nied by ju­di­cial de­vel­op­ment.

Wang Yaxin, a pro­fes­sor at Ts­inghua Univer­sity, said the cir­cuit courts are part of the Supreme Peo­ple’s Court. They aim to deal with cases with the sup­port of the Supreme Peo­ple’s Court.

“It helps to im­prove the de­vel­op­ment of lo­cal ju­di­cial in­de­pen­dence,” Wang said.

Ac­cord­ing to the Supreme Peo­ple’s Court, an­other two cir­cuit courts will be es­tab­lished in Chongqing mu­nic­i­pal­ity and Xi’an, Shaanxi prov­ince.

The first and se­cond cir­cuit courts were es­tab­lished in Shen­zhen, Guang­dong prov­ince, and Shenyang, Liaon­ing prov­ince, in 2014.

The First Cir­cuit Court hears cases from Guang­dong and Hainan prov­inces as well as the Guangxi Zhuang au­ton­o­mous re­gion, while the Se­cond Cir­cuit Court has ju­ris­dic­tion over Liaon­ing, Hei­long jiang and Jilin prov­inces.

cover 26 prov­inces, mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties and au­ton­o­mous re­gions across China. An ice swim­mer cre­ates a vis­ual ef­fect by throw­ing hot wa­ter into the air in Heihe, North­east China’s Hei­longjiang prov­ince, where tem­per­a­tures plum­meted to -28 C on Tues­day.

Cao Yin con­trib­uted to this story.

Con­tact the writ­ers at cang­wei@chi­nadaily.com.cn

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