Ex­ec­u­tive meet­ings fo­cus on long-term prospects

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - CHINA - By HU YONGQI

In­no­va­tion and mass en­trepreneur­ship were the sub­jects dis­cussed most fre­quently at ex­ec­u­tive meet­ings of the State Coun­cil this year, as the cen­tral govern­ment sought to pro­mote the na­tional strat­egy to up­grade China’s in­dus­trial struc­ture and boost busi­ness star­tups.

The sub­jects were dis­cussed 11 times at ex­ec­u­tive meet­ings of the State Coun­cil, China’s Cabi­net — far more than poverty re­lief, in­fra­struc­ture, ed­u­ca­tion and health­care. The four other main ar­eas of dis­cus­sion were stream­lin­ing ad­min­is­tra­tive ser­vices, lo­cal govern­ment in­spec­tions, in­dus­trial up­grades and the re­vi­sion of reg­u­la­tions.

By Sun­day, the State Coun­cil had dis­cussed and pro­mul­gated de­ci­sions on 104 top­ics at 38 ex­ec­u­tive meet­ings presided over by Premier Li Ke­qiang, ac­cord­ing to the cen­tral govern­ment’s of­fi­cial web­site. In­no­va­tion and en­trepreneur­ship ac­counted for more than 10 per­cent of the top­ics dis­cussed by the body.

The ex­pan­sion of In­no­va­tion Demon­stra­tion Zones are a good ex­am­ple of the govern­ment’s com­mit­ment to the cause. At an ex­ec­u­tive meet­ing on March 30, the cen­tral govern­ment de­cided to es­tab­lish three new zones — one in each of the prov­inces of He­nan, Shan­dong and Liaon­ing — bring­ing the num­ber to 14 na­tion­wide.

The zones fol­low in the foot­steps of the Zhong­guan­cun Na­tional Demon­stra­tion Zone, which was es­tab­lished in 2009 as a pi­lot pro­gram to boost high-tech­nol­ogy and its in­te­gra­tion with busi­ness star­tups. On June 8, the State Coun­cil ap­proved the es­tab­lish­ment of two more demon­stra­tion zones, in Fu­jian and An­hui prov­inces, while the south­west­ern mu­nic­i­pal­ity of Chongqing was added to the list in August.

A meet­ing of the ex­ec­u­tive on Sept 1 gave the green light to plans to build Bei­jing into a na­tional cen­ter for in­no­va­tive sci­ences and tech­nolo­gies.

Other agen­das to pro­mote in­no­va­tion and mass en­trepreneur­ship in­cluded ar­eas such as the trans­for­ma­tion of sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal achieve­ments, the in­te­gra­tion of the in­ter­net with the lo­gis­tics in­dus­try and fi­nan­cial sup­port for high-tech com­pa­nies.

In­no­va­tion and mass en­trepreneur­ship have be­come pri­or­i­ties for Li, who at­tended the coun­try’s first Na­tional Mass En­trepreneur­ship and In­no­va­tion Week in Bei­jing last year and a re­lated event in Shen­zhen, an in­dus­trial hub in Guang­dong prov­ince, in Oc­to­ber.

Ac­cord­ing to the or­ga­ni­za­tional law of the State Coun­cil, ex­ec­u­tive meet­ings are con­vened once a week to de­cide ma­jor is­sues. Chaired by the premier, the meet­ings usu­ally hap­pen on Wed­nes­days and are at­tended by vice-pre­miers, State coun­cilors and the sec­re­tary-gen­eral of the State Coun­cil. Of­fi­cials from rel­e­vant govern­ment de­part­ments are also in­vited if nec­es­sary.

Based on doc­u­ments posted on the govern­ment’s web­site, this year, the ex­ec­u­tive meet­ings fo­cused on im­prov­ing peo­ple’s liveli­hoods, the trans­for­ma­tion of govern­ment func­tions and pri­or­i­ti­za­tion of public ser­vices, deeper eco­nomic re­form, boost­ing eco­nomic growth and struc­tural ad­just­ments. Among the 104 top­ics dis­cussed, 28 fo­cused on ways to raise liv­ing stan­dards, such as im­prov­ing the trans­porta­tion in­fra­struc­ture in ru­ral ar­eas.


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