Dwelling for Aztec con­quest sur­vivors un­cov­ered

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - WORLD -

MEX­ICO CITY — Ar­chae­ol­o­gists in Mex­ico said on Mon­day they have un­earthed what they be­lieve was a dwelling where up­per class Aztecs who re­sisted the Span­ish con­quest tried to pre­serve their cus­toms and tra­di­tions.

The struc­ture, where Aztecs were also buried, is part of an old neigh­bor­hood in Mex­ico City called Col­hua­ca­tonco, fa­mous for be­ing a place where the Aztecs re­sisted the Span­ish con­quest in the 16th cen­tury, the Na­tional In­sti­tute of An­thro­pol­ogy said in a state­ment.

The new find but­tresses the ar­gu­ment that Col­hua­ca­tonco put up pas­sive re­sis­tance af­ter the fall of Tenochti­t­lan, the cap­i­tal of the Aztec em­pire, said Maria de la Luz Es­cobedo, the ar­chae­ol­o­gist in charge of the project.

“It is very likely that fir­stand sec­ond-gen­er­a­tion de­scen­dants of Tenochti­t­lan peo­ple qui­etly car­ried out the buri­als of seven peo­ple (three adults and four chil­dren aged 1 to 8) us­ing the tra­di­tions of their an­ces­tors,” she was quoted as say­ing in a state­ment is­sued by the an­thro­pol­ogy in­sti­tute.

Ar­chae­o­log­i­cal teams found skele­tons that were nearly com­plete and buried in the fe­tal po­si­tion, and also many bone frag­ments, ac­cord­ing to a video re­leased by the in­sti­tute.

The buri­als were done in the cor­ners of the dwelling area and at the en­trances, and have been dated to the time of Aztec con­tact with the Spa­niards.

Fu­neral of­fer­ings were found: a small fig­ure of a coy­ote, a bracelet with shells, two small knives made of ob­sid­ian and ce­ram­ics from that era.

Ob­jects were also found that sug­gest a mix­ing of the two cul­tures, such as fig­urines of peo­ple with non-Aztec fea­tures and wear­ing hats.

“What we de­tect in the ma­te­ri­als is ‘that which is Mex­i­can,’ the blend­ing that be­gan to take place af­ter the Span­ish con­quest was com­plete,” said Es­cobedo.

The rooms of the dwelling were built with stone, sug­gest­ing they were for im­por­tant Aztec peo­ple and their rel­a­tives rather than com­mon folk.

The most strik­ing fea­ture is a 3-meter-by-4-meter area that was prob­a­bly used for cer­e­mo­nial acts.

Its pol­ished and well-pre­served floors have a de­sign in the cen­ter, show­ing a cir­cle with black spokes — pos­si­bly a rep­re­sen­ta­tion of a shield.

It is very likely that ... de­scen­dants of Tenochti­t­lan peo­ple qui­etly car­ried out the buri­als of seven peo­ple.” Maria de la Luz Es­cobedo, ar­chae­ol­o­gist


Some of the hu­man re­mains that were dis­cov­ered in Mex­ico.

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