China lists crises on UN agenda Am­bas­sador Liu says this month is cru­cial for peace process in Syria

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - WORLD - REUTERS

UNITED NA­TIONS — Am­bas­sador Liu Jieyi of China, UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil pres­i­dent for July, said on Mon­day that Syria, Ye­men, South Su­dan, Colom­bia, Haiti and Cyprus will be on the agenda of the 15-na­tion coun­cil this month.

As for Syria, he said, the cri­sis faced a “cru­cial month for the po­lit­i­cal process” with talks in As­tana, Kaza­khstan, fol­lowed by re­sump­tion of the Geneva talks later in the month. “The coun­cil is fol­low­ing keenly the de­vel­op­ments in this re­spect.”

Liu said there were “three di­men­sions” to be ad­dressed by coun­cil mem­bers states on Syria — the po­lit­i­cal, the chem­i­cal and the hu­man­i­tar­ian. “These two as­pects will also be un­der re­view in the Se­cu­rity Coun­cil.”

The ref­er­ence to chem­i­cal was for the al­leged use of chem­i­cal weapons in Khan Sheikhoun in April, which killed more than 80 peo­ple. A re­port last week said such weapons had been used but did not say who used them.

On Ye­men, he said: “the coun­cil will look at the sit­u­a­tion and hope­fully will work to per­suade the dif­fer­ent sides to the ne­go­ti­a­tion table to seek rec­on­cil­i­a­tion, to seek to solve the prob­lem through po­lit­i­cal means and to aban­don the no­tion that there is a pos­si­bil­ity of a mil­i­tary so­lu­tion.”

Liu also talked about the de­nu­cle­ariza­tion of the Korean Penin­sula, even though not for­mally listed on the coun­cil’s July agenda.

He re­it­er­ated the Chi­nese “sus­pen­sion for sus­pen­sion” pro­posal pack­age — sus­pen­sion of nu­clear and bal­lis­tic test­ing on the part of the Demo­cratic Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of Korea and sus­pen­sion of the mil­i­tary ex­er­cises on the part of the United States and the Repub­lic of Korea.

“This is a fea­si­ble pro­posal be­cause it ac­com­mo­dates all

Truce an­nounced be­fore As­tana talks

The Syr­ian Army has said it would suspend com­bat op­er­a­tions in south­ern Syria un­til Thurs­day ahead of a new round of peace talks in the Kazakh cap­i­tal of As­tana.

The army gen­eral com­mand said in a state­ment car­ried on state tele­vi­sion the cease-fire be­gan at mid­day on Sun­day and was to sup­port “rec­on­cil­i­a­tion ef­forts”, in the sec­ond such uni­lat­eral truce in the past two weeks.

Talks are planned in of the ma­jor parts that con­front the re­gion and we do be­lieve that once we em­bark on the road of ne­go­ti­a­tions along the lines of these proposals and ... we will be able to calm things down and to seek a last­ing so­lu­tion of de­nu­cle­ariza­tion and peace and sta­bil­ity on the Korean Penin­sula,” Liu said. “We hope that the other par­ties will be more forth­com­ing on ac­cept­ing and sup­port­ing these proposals.”

peo­ple

were killed in the al­leged use of chem­i­cal weapons in Khan Sheikhoun, Syria, in April. A re­port last week said such weapons had been used but did not say who used them.

On South Su­dan, Liu said that the cru­cial thing is to achieve rec­on­cil­i­a­tion among the dif­fer­ent par­ties and also to have an ef­fec­tive di­a­logue for last­ing so­lu­tions.

“The coun­cil will con­tinue to urge dif­fer­ent sides back to di­a­logue to ces­sa­tion of what­ever hos­til­i­ties still ex­ist and also to work out a last­ing so­lu­tion that is best for the coun­try and the peo­ple,” he said.

Liu said that he hoped to fol­low what the Bo­li­vians did in last month as pres­i­dent of the coun­cil and pre­cede what the pres­i­den­cies of Egypt and Ethiopia are ex­pected to do in Au­gust and Septem­ber and that is to hold open de­bates on Africa and the African Unions.

He sees “four months gen­er­at­ing more po­lit­i­cal mo­men­tum to help Africa en­hance ar­eas of peace and se­cu­rity, be­cause we, speak­ing for China, are of the view that we should al­ways pro­vide more help to Africa to seek so­lu­tion, for Africa prob­lems by African coun­tries in African ways”. As­tana on Tues­day. The last round of As­tana talks in May led to the sign­ing of an agree­ment be­tween Iran, Rus­sia and Tur­key to cre­ate four de-es­ca­la­tion zones in Syria, one of which is in the south.

The United States and Rus­sia have held se­cret talks on creating a “de-es­ca­la­tion zone” in south­ern Syria, Western diplo­mats and re­gional of­fi­cials said in early last month.

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