Re­search re­sults com­mer­cial­ized at Guang­dong fair

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - IP SPECIAL - By ZHANG ZHAO

Nearly 700 agree­ments on the com­mer­cial­iza­tion of tech­nolo­gies were signed at the first China Uni­ver­sity Sci­en­tific and Tech­no­log­i­cal Achieve­ments Fair held late last month in Huizhou, Guang­dong prov­ince, with to­tal con­tracted value of about 4 bil­lion yuan ($589.6 mil­lion).

Ex­perts said that uni­ver­si­ties, with many top re­search per­son­nel, have pro­duced abun­dant sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tions.

In 2016, Chi­nese uni­ver­si­ties in­vested a to­tal of 3.8 bil­lion yuan in re­search and filed more than 184,000 patent ap­pli­ca­tions. Nearly 122,000 patents were granted to them that year.

How­ever, the in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion of the achieve­ments has been “not so sat­is­fac­tory”, said in­dus­try in­sid­ers.

Lu Chuan, vice-pres­i­dent at the Chengdu Re­search In­sti­tute of the Uni­ver­sity of Elec­tronic Science and Tech­nol­ogy of China, said in­dus­tri­al­iz­ing in­no­va­tive achieve­ments from uni­ver­si­ties in­volve three par­ties — the achieve­ment own­ers, trans­fer­rers and users.

In the past, the uni­ver­si­ties played the roles of all three par­ties, he said. “But the uni­ver­si­ties’ ad­van­tages are their re­search ca­pa­bil­i­ties, not mar­ket op­er­a­tion, so there were few suc­cess­ful cases.”

Later, the uni­ver­si­ties re­al­ized they had to com­mer­cial­ize their achieve­ments by co­op­er­at­ing with com­pa­nies and bor­row­ing their cap­i­tal. Com­pa­nies showed strong sup­port for such co­op­er­a­tion. How­ever, this model still has chal­lenges, as com­pa­nies pay more at­ten­tion to com­mer­cial value while uni­ver­si­ties fo­cus on tech­ni­cal value.

“To­day, Chi­nese uni­ver­si­ties are look­ing for new in­no­va­tion com­mer­cial­iza­tion mod­els that cater to their own char­ac­ter­is­tics,” Lu said.

Ts­inghua Uni­ver­sity founded Ts­inghua Hold­ings in 2003, based on its in­te­grated tech­nol­ogy re­sources. With ini­tial reg­is­tered cap­i­tal of 2.3 bil­lion yuan, the com­pany in­dus­tri­al­izes the uni­ver­sity’s re­search achieve­ments in mar­ket ap­proaches. It achieved sales rev­enue of 95.6 bil­lion yuan last year.

“Ts­inghua Hold­ings de­vel­ops quickly be­cause it re­lies on Ts­inghua Uni­ver­sity’s pow­er­ful sci­en­tific re­search ca­pa­bil­ity and has a well-es­tab­lished in­dus­trial lay­out, op­er­at­ing 70 high-tech parks and 144 startup in­cu­ba­tors around the coun­try, which will sup­port the in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion of the uni­ver­sity’s tech­ni­cal fruits,” said Wang Biao, an ex­ec­u­tive at the com­pany.

Nan­jing Uni­ver­sity of Science and Tech­nol­ogy es­tab­lished the China-uni­ver­sity In­tel­lec­tual Prop­erty Op­er­a­tion Plat­form.

to­tal value of con­tracts signed at the fair

“Like an on­line su­per­mar­ket, the plat­form has gath­ered in­for­ma­tion from more than 1 mil­lion patents owned by uni­ver­si­ties na­tion­wide,” said Wang Xiaoxu, chair­man of the NUST Tech­nol­ogy Trans­fer Cen­ter.

The plat­form eval­u­ates patents, nur­tures them to in­crease their value, and pro­motes them at busi­ness ne­go­ti­a­tions, Wang said.

for patents filed by uni­ver­si­ties in 2016

Real re­sults

Nearly 300 uni­ver­si­ties took part in the fair, in­clud­ing 13 from over­seas, which dis­played nearly 10,000 projects.

Huazhong Uni­ver­sity of Science and Tech­nol­ogy brought to the fair a smart de­fense sys­tem against “black flights” by un­manned aerial ve­hi­cles that en­dan­ger civil avi­a­tion safety at air­ports.

Pro­fes­sor Ma Jie from the uni­ver­sity’s School of Au­toma­tion said the sys­tem, even left unat­tended, can rec­og­nize drones in re­stricted ar­eas and send jam­ming sig­nals to force them to stay in the air, land or re­turn.

An oil-wa­ter fil­ter de­vel­oped by North­west Uni­ver­sity can treat 40 met­ric tons of pol­luted wa­ter in an hour. Its sys­tems can be used in petro­chem­i­cal in­dus­trial zones and dur­ing sea trans­porta­tion of crude oil.

“We met many com­pa­nies in­ter­ested in the project in just two days,” said the re­search team leader Gong Yongkuan. “We have reached our tar­get thanks to the fair.”

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