Build­ing a so­ci­ety based on rule of law

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - VIEWS -

China has made re­mark­able progress in guar­an­tee­ing ju­di­cial pro­tec­tion of hu­man rights. The rule of law in the coun­try has been con­stantly im­prov­ing and pro­vid­ing bet­ter pro­tec­tion to hu­man rights since the 18th Na­tional Congress of the Com­mu­nist Party of China in Novem­ber 2012.

China has taken mea­sures to op­ti­mize the al­lo­ca­tion of ju­di­cial power, im­prove the ju­di­cial ac­count­abil­ity and ju­di­cial in­for­ma­tion dis­clo­sure sys­tems, deepen re­forms in the crim­i­nal pro­ce­dure by ac­cord­ing greater im­por­tance to court tri­als, at­tach more im­por­tance to lawyers’ role and pub­lic su­per­vi­sion, make the han­dling of pe­ti­tions and com­plaints more sys­tem­atic, abol­ish the la­bor ed­u­ca­tion sys­tem and strengthen the State ju­di­cial as­sis­tance pro­gram.

The peo­ple’s courts have re­placed the case fil­ing in­ves­ti­ga­tion sys­tem with reg­is­tra­tion of cases to en­sure all cases are pro­cessed and all com­plaints heeded. The Crim­i­nal Pro­ce­dural Law has been amended, so that an ac­cused is as­sumed in­no­cent un­til proven guilty and all il­le­gal and doubt­ful ev­i­dence is re­jected. The Civil Pro­ce­dural Law has been re­vised, lead­ing to the es­tab­lish­ment of the pub­lic in­ter­est lit­i­ga­tion sys­tem. The Ad­min­is­tra­tive Pro­ce­dural Law, too, has been amended to bet­ter pro­tect cit­i­zens’ le­gal rights and in­ter­ests.

The first Anti-Do­mes­tic Vi­o­lence Law came into ef­fect on March 1 last year. And the ju­di­cial au­thor­i­ties are now pay­ing spe­cial at­ten­tion to en­sure de­tainees’ le­gal rights and in­ter­ests are pro­tected.

In 2015, the ju­di­cial and pub­lic se­cu­rity au­thor­i­ties is­sued reg­u­la­tions to pro­tect lawyers’ rights and in­ter­ests, stress­ing that the lawyers had the right to know, meet their clients, ac­cess files and ap­ply for re­view­ing ev­i­dence, as well as the right to cor­re­spon­dence.

Pro­tect­ing hu­man rights ac­cord­ing to the law is an im­por­tant task on the way to build­ing a so­ci­ety where the so­cial­ist rule of law is supreme.

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