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ItemfromJuly21,1981,in ChinaDaily:Thepartially completedGezhoubaDam, China’slargesthydroelectric andrivernavigationproject, withstoodasevereteston Sundayasafloodpassed downtheYangtzeRiver.
Morethan200,000people havebeenmobilizedto guardthedikesalongthe river’slowerreaches,where fertilericeandcottonfields arethreatened.
The Three Gorges Dam, the world’s largest hydroelectric project, has generated 1 trillion kilowatt-hours of power since operations began in 2003. Construction of the 180 billion yuan ($26.6 billion) project started in late 1994.
The dam, which has an installed capacity of 22.5 million kWh, is located in the middle reaches of the country’s longest river, the Yangtze River, in Hubei province.
Last year, the dam generated 93.5 billion kWh of electricity.
In addition to generating power, the project also controls flooding and helps regulate the river’s shipping traffic.
It consists of a dam, 32 hydropower turbo-generators with a generating capacity of 700,000 kWh each, a fivetier ship lock and a shiplift.
During torrential rains in southern China this month, the dam helped control flooding by reducing water flow from 27,000 cubic meters per second to 8,000 cu m/s.
Authorities say the reduction stopped 3 billion cu m of water from reaching down- stream and lowered water levels by up to 1.5 m.
The dam is owned by China Three Gorges Corp.
The country’s secondlargest hydropower station, the Xiluodu Dam in Yunnan province, started operations in July 2013. As of last year, it generated 160 billion kWh of electricity.