Xi’s diplo­macy pro­motes in­clu­sive­ness

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - VIEWS -

Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping made some im­por­tant re­marks at the re­cent G20 sum­mit in Ham­burg, Ger­many, em­pha­siz­ing the need to stay com­mit­ted to build­ing an open global econ­omy, fos­ter­ing new sources of growth for the world econ­omy, and work­ing to­gether to pro­mote in­clu­sive and in­ter­con­nected growth for shared pros­per­ity and build­ing a global com­mu­nity of shared destiny.

Such re­marks con­sti­tute a part of Xi’s di­plo­matic phi­los­o­phy. Xi has used the Belt and Road Fo­rum for In­ter­na­tional Co­op­er­a­tion in Bei­jing in May, and his vis­its to the United Na­tions re­gional head­quar­ters in Geneva and the World Eco­nomic Fo­rum in Davos in Jan­uary to pop­u­lar­ize China-ad­vo­cated “Silk Road Spirit”, which is char­ac­ter­ized by “peace, co­op­er­a­tion, open­ing-up, in­clu­sive­ness, mu­tual learn­ing, mu­tual ben­e­fit and win-win re­sults”. He has made a solemn com­mit­ment that China will shoul­der its global re­spon­si­bil­i­ties, and con­tin­u­ously in­te­grate into the world econ­omy and in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity with an open mind to con­trib­ute more to the global eco­nomic re­cov­ery and de­vel­op­ment.

Xi’s com­mit­ments not only demon­strate his broad di­plo­matic vi­sion as the top leader of a large coun­try, but also are a con­cise ex­pres­sion of China’s con­sis­tent di­plo­matic val­ues. His com­mit­ments also in­di­cate that China has be­gun to make use of in­ter­na­tional fo­rums and plat­forms to pro­mote its di­plo­matic and other val­ues while fo­cus­ing on mak­ing the world a bet­ter place by nar­rat­ing China’s sto­ries, of­fer­ing Chi­nese pro­pos­als and con­tribut­ing Chi­nese wis­dom to build a more open and in­clu­sive in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity.

Di­plo­matic val­ues, a re­flec­tion of a coun­try’s per­cep­tion, judg­ment and ap­proach in its deal­ings with other coun­tries, are an in­te­grated sys­tem of ba­sic con­cepts and fun­da­men­tal prin­ci­ples, based on which it can main­tain na­tional in­ter­ests through di­plo­matic prac­tices. They di­rectly de­ter­mine a sov­er­eign coun­try’s ba­sic per­cep­tion of the world or­der and state-to-state re­la­tions, and dom­i­nate its di­plo­matic poli­cies and their im­ple­men­ta­tion.

A coun­try’s long-term for­eign pol­icy should be con­sis­tent with its in­ter­ests and con­form to its di­plo­matic val­ues, and its con­crete di­plo­matic poli­cies and ini­tia­tives are in most cases a man­i­fes­ta­tion of its di­plo­matic val­ues. That means di­plo­matic val­ues di­rectly de­cide what ban­ner a coun­try will carry, which path it will em­bark on, what ide­olo­gies it will ad­vo­cate and what ideas it is op­posed to. These val­ues will also shape a coun­try’s di­plo­matic trait, guide its di­plo­matic prac­tices and mold its dip- lo­matic soul and propen­sity.

China’s di­plo­matic val­ues to­day are based on its di­plo­matic prac­tices over more than six decades. With Marx­ist the­ory as its guid­ing light and based on its na­tional con­di­tions, China’s di­plo­matic val­ues have ab­sorbed the quin­tes­sence of Chi­nese civ­i­liza­tion, in­her­ited its fine di­plo­matic tra­di­tion and are poised to serve so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics. This is the fun­da­men­tal rea­son why these val­ues can main­tain their ad­vanced na­ture and vi­tal­ity.

Af­ter decades of en­rich­ment, China’s di­plo­matic val­ues have evolved into an or­ganic com­bi­na­tion of sys­tem­atic di­plo­matic con­cepts and pro­pos­als. Sov­er­eign equal­ity is a pre­req­ui­site for these di­plo­matic val­ues. And the essence of sov­er­eign equal­ity is: the sovereignty and dig­nity of all coun­tries, big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor, should be re­spected, and their par­tic­i­pa­tion in the de­ci­sion-mak­ing process of var­i­ous in­ter­na­tional in­sti­tu­tions on an equal foot­ing con­sti­tutes an im­por­tant driver of im­proved global gov­er­nance, just as Xi has em­pha­sized. They are based on the pos­ses­sion of an in­de­pen­dent and self-de­cided power.

The core spirit of so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics is the be­lief that Chi­nese peo­ple are the back­bone of China’s de­vel­op­ment path and the coun­try’s ad­her­ence to a de­vel­op­ment road that suits its na­tional con­di­tions. No coun­try should re­gard its de­vel­op­ment road su­pe­rior to that of other coun­tries or im­pose its own de­vel­op­ment path upon oth­ers, as Xi has said.

As the largest de­vel­op­ing coun­try in the world, China has long viewed re­form and de­vel­op­ment as its core na­tional task and a core guide­line for han­dling in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions. It fully un­der­stands and re­spects the ur­gent de­mand of the large num­ber of de­vel­op­ing coun­tries to push for­ward eco­nomic and so­cial de­vel­op­ment, firmly sup­ports glob­al­iza­tion and op­poses pro­tec­tion­ism, and ad­vo­cates and pro­motes the Belt and Road Ini­tia­tive to share its own de­vel­op­ment op­por­tu­ni­ties with other coun­tries.

China ad­vo­cates de­moc­ra­ti­za­tion of in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions, pro­motes the de­vel­op­ment of a new type of in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions with co­op­er­a­tion and win­win re­sults as its core, and ad­heres to an ap­proach that is fair and just. The con­cept of build­ing a hu­man com­mu­nity of shared destiny put for­ward by Xi thus re­flects China’s de­sire to pur­sue fair­ness and jus­tice.

China pur­sues a de­fen­sive na­tional de­fense pol­icy, has im­ple­mented an over­all na­tional se­cu­rity pol­icy, and strongly op­poses the use of force or threat to re­solve in­ter­na­tional dis­putes. It ad­vo­cates the es­tab­lish­ment of a com­mon, com­pre­hen­sive, co­op­er­a­tive and sus­tain­able se­cu­rity out­look and strives to build a world of last­ing peace and pros­per­ity.

There are good rea­sons to be­lieve that with China be­com­ing an im­por­tant player on the world stage, its lead­ers will pro­mote such Chi­nese val­ues with greater con­fi­dence and in a stronger voice.

Xi’s com­mit­ments not only demon­strate his broad di­plo­matic vi­sion as the top leader of a large coun­try, but also are a con­cise ex­pres­sion of China’s con­sis­tent di­plo­matic val­ues.

The au­thor is a re­search fel­low at the Na­tional Academy of De­vel­op­ment and Strat­egy, Ren­min Univer­sity of China.

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