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China Daily (Hong Kong) - - PAGE TWO -

The col­lo­quial use of the word “arc­tic” to mean ex­tremely cold has been es­tab­lished in English since the 19th cen­tury. More re­cently, “baltic” has taken on a sim­i­lar mean­ing, es­pe­cially in Scot­land. Among the quo­ta­tions in the Ox­ford English Dic­tionary’s new en­try for this sense is a par­tic­u­larly evoca­tive one from a Dundee Univer­sity stu­dent news­pa­per: “It’s fair baltic knockin’ aboot oot­side in this weather”.

Item­fromJuly25,1986,in Chi­naDaily:China’slargest and­most­mod­ern­re­frig­er­a­tor­pro­duc­tion­linewentinto op­er­a­tionre­cently­atthe Elec­tri­calEquip­men­tCoin Guangzhou,Guang­dong prov­ince.

The­com­put­er­ized­fac­tory, re­tooled­fro­man­im­ported plant,is­capable­of­pro­duc­ing200,000unit­sayear.

For the past few years, ro­bots have been re­plac­ing work­ers on as­sem­bly lines across China.

In­dus­trial ro­bots are now widely used in the man­u­fac­ture of au­to­mo­biles and home ap­pli­ances.

Since 2013, China has been the world’s largest in­dus­trial robot mar­ket.

Last year, do­mes­tic sales of ro­bots reached 88,992 units, up 27 per­cent year-on-year, ac­cord­ing to the China Robot In­dus­try Al­liance. That’s one-third of the world to­tal.

Also last year, home ap­pli­ances man­u­fac­turer Midea Group bought Ger­many’s Kuka, one of the world’s lead­ing mak­ers of in­dus­trial ro­bots, to pro­mote au­to­ma­tion.

In April, the cen­tral govern­ment un­veiled a de­velop- ment plan for the ro­bot­ics in­dus­try, set­ting sev­eral goals to be achieved by 2020.

They in­clude es­tab­lish­ing ro­bot­ics com­pa­nies that can be glob­ally com­pet­i­tive, and hit­ting a na­tional robot den­sity of more than 150.

Robot den­sity is the num­ber of mul­ti­pur­pose in­dus­trial ro­bots per 10,000 peo­ple em­ployed in man­u­fac­tur­ing.

Mar­ket re­search com­pany In­ter­na­tional Data Corp es­ti­mates that China will spend more than $59 bil­lion on ro­bot­ics and re­lated ser­vices by 2020.

The man­u­fac­tur­ing sec­tor con­tin­ues to dom­i­nate the coun­try’s spend­ing on ro­bot­ics, it said.

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