The colloquial use of the word “arctic” to mean extremely cold has been established in English since the 19th century. More recently, “baltic” has taken on a similar meaning, especially in Scotland. Among the quotations in the Oxford English Dictionary’s new entry for this sense is a particularly evocative one from a Dundee University student newspaper: “It’s fair baltic knockin’ aboot ootside in this weather”.
ItemfromJuly25,1986,in ChinaDaily:China’slargest andmostmodernrefrigeratorproductionlinewentinto operationrecentlyatthe ElectricalEquipmentCoin Guangzhou,Guangdong province.
Thecomputerizedfactory, retooledfromanimported plant,iscapableofproducing200,000unitsayear.
For the past few years, robots have been replacing workers on assembly lines across China.
Industrial robots are now widely used in the manufacture of automobiles and home appliances.
Since 2013, China has been the world’s largest industrial robot market.
Last year, domestic sales of robots reached 88,992 units, up 27 percent year-on-year, according to the China Robot Industry Alliance. That’s one-third of the world total.
Also last year, home appliances manufacturer Midea Group bought Germany’s Kuka, one of the world’s leading makers of industrial robots, to promote automation.
In April, the central government unveiled a develop- ment plan for the robotics industry, setting several goals to be achieved by 2020.
They include establishing robotics companies that can be globally competitive, and hitting a national robot density of more than 150.
Robot density is the number of multipurpose industrial robots per 10,000 people employed in manufacturing.
Market research company International Data Corp estimates that China will spend more than $59 billion on robotics and related services by 2020.
The manufacturing sector continues to dominate the country’s spending on robotics, it said.