Using rule of law to manage armed forces
At a meeting on Tuesday, the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee emphasized the importance of deepening military reform. And top leader Xi Jinping reiterated the importance of military legislation, and interpretation or annulment of laws and regulations.
In May, Xi signed a decree, laying out rules for the formulation of military laws and regulations, as well as the procedure for drafting standard documents. The decree will help regulate rulemaking for the military and standardize the formulation of military laws and regulations.
The reform of military law-making is expected to strengthen military laws by making clear the legislative responsibilities of all parties concerned. According to the latest regulation, the Central Military Commission, for example, has the right to formulate military laws and regulations, while the military units can only draw up regulations. In terms of effect, it makes clear the regulations promulgated by the CMC override those passed by the units.
Besides, all military laws, normative documents and regulations are now subject to the new regulation on military legislation. Previously, the implementation of normative documents was exempt from supervision at the central level, which could lead to inefficient, even counterproductive, legislative work.
On legislation, the latest regulation stresses the absolute leadership of the Communist Party of China over the military. In particular, the drafting, submission, modification and issuance processes all are subject to scrutiny by Party committees at all levels. Which is in line with the Legislation Law, which was revised in 2015 to broaden public participa- tion in legislation and streamline legislative consultation, especially to meet the need for further civilian-military integration.
Ostensibly, military laws and regulations apply only to the military. But their implementation can also affect ordinary citizens, whose coordination in issues such as military conscription, national defense education, protection of military facilities and arrangements for retired servicemen matters a great deal. In other words, those formulating military laws and regulations also have to take into account the activities of citizens, organizations and enterprises.
... connection between the military and civilians needs to be strengthened to fulfill the due purposes.
Managing defense affairs in accordance with the rule of law depends on stronger national defense laws as well as their implementation, and a functioning accountability mechanism. Since national defense is not about just military buildup but also to serve the people, the connection between the military and civilians needs to be strengthened to fulfill the due purposes.
The author is an associate professor at Northwest University of Political Science and Law.