Result of academic fraud investigation announced
The result of an investigation into a scandal in which a foreign medical journal retracted 107 papers from China because of peer review fraud was announced by the Ministry of Science and Technology on Thursday.
The medical journal Tumor Biology, published by Springer Nature, retracted the papers in April, after an investigation found the peer review process had been compromised by using fabricated email addresses of reviewers.
Of the 521 authors implicated, 11 were deemed innocent with 24 still under investigation. Among the remaining authors, 486 authors were found guilty of misconduct at various levels. A total of 102 were found to be mainly responsible, 70 secondarily responsible and 314 did not participate in fraud, said He Defang, a ministry official in charge of rule enforcement.
The 314 authors, who were found not guilty of fraud or benefiting from any scientific and technological programs or awards, were blamed for neglecting the management of academic achievements publications.
In the 107 papers published, two were repeat publications by the journal. One was retracted by mistake and its authors were innocent. A total of 101 papers fabricated peer reviews or reviewers, in which 95 were reviewed by fabricated experts or had fake reviews provided by third-party institutions. Six had and paper peer reviews or reviewers fabricated by the authors, He said.
Twelve of the 101 papers were purchased from thirdparty institutions, with the remaining 89 papers completed by the authors themselves. Nine were fake in content.
He said that the fraud had severely damaged China’s national image, and called for a healthier academic environ-
ment and harsher punishment for academic misdeeds.
After the scandal, a joint work group was formed by the MST, Ministry of Education, National Health and Family Planning Commission, National Natural Science Foundation, and China Association for Science and Technology to investigate the issue.
The work group maintained “zero tolerance” toward academic dishonesty, He said.
Altogether, 376 authors involved in the scandal have been banned by their institutions from undertaking research programs for various periods of time. They also had their qualifications for promotion canceled, research funds retrieved, and awards and honors revoked.
In addition, they will face punishment according to the Communist Party of China discipline regulations and the regulations on personnel from public institutions, He said.
Visitors take a selfie at a promotional exhibition for the book
at Shanghai World Financial Center on Friday. The book, by British illustrator Martin Handford, features Wally, who travels through time as he visits many different locations and events.