Chi­nese teenagers ex­pe­ri­ence Ger­man vo­ca­tional ed­u­ca­tion

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - LIFE -

In a class­room in Dort­mund­based vo­ca­tional train­ing cen­ter, Berufs­fo­erderungswerk (BFW), 12 Chi­nese teenagers, work­ing in pairs, are as­sem­bling pneu­matic cylin­ders while dis­cussing with their part­ners in Sichuan di­alect.

The teenagers, mostly aged 17, are stu­dents of the Pu­jiang vo­ca­tional Sec­ondary School in Pu­jiang county of South­west China’s Sichuan prov­ince. Fi­nanced partly by the county govern­ment, they are on a study tour from July 2 to 21 to get a glimpse of Ger­many’s vo­ca­tional train­ing savvy, with cour­ses at BFW as main ac­tiv­i­ties.

Back home, they are among the first 28 Chi­nese stu­dents in Pu­jiang to re­ceive a Ger­man-style duel sys­tem of vo­ca­tional ed­u­ca­tion on a demon­stra­tion project jointly ini­ti­ated by the Ger­man Cham­bers of Com­merce (AHK) in Shang­hai, the Pu­jiang govern­ment and a tech­ni­cal col­lege in Chengdu, the cap­i­tal of Sichuan prov­ince.

Across China, the China-Ger­man AHK demon­stra­tion pro­grams have been car­ried out by more than 10 in­sti­tutes in var­i­ous eco­nomic hubs.

Bridged by the AHK in Shang­hai, the 12 stu­dents got the op­por­tu­nity to study in BFW, a pro­fes­sional reha- bil­i­ta­tion cen­ter of­fer­ing qual­ity vo­ca­tional train­ing for those who want to find or change jobs.

In the BFW class­room, desks, chairs and a black­board are in­stalled in the front, while op­er­a­tion plat­forms for var­i­ous de­vices in the back. The Chi­nese stu­dents took to op­er­a­tion plat­forms to prac­tice right af­ter lis­ten­ing to in­struc­tions on pneu­matic cir­cuit by To­bias Haehnel, their Ger­man teacher, aided by an in­ter­preter.

See­ing that cylin­der as­sem­bled by most stu­dents worked, To­bias said “I think these stu­dents have grasped what I’ve lec­tured.”

The Chi­nese stu­dents were most im­pressed by the state-ofthe-arts ma­chiner­ies used in BFW. “Com­po­nents I man­u­fac­tured with Ger­man tun­ing mills here are of great pre­ci­sion,” says

Yang Kailun, one of the stu­dents.

Huang Yike, an­other stu­dent, mar­veled at rig­or­ous im­ple­men­ta­tion of the 5S, a work­place man­age­ment method­ol­ogy, by Ger­man teach­ers and prac­ti­tion­ers. “We were re­quired to re­move all the scraps and vac­uum left­overs af­ter us­ing the turn­ing mill, as del­i­cate main­te­nance helps sus­tain pre­ci­sion of the tun­ing mill.”

“Our stu­dents’ hori­zon has been broad­ened,” says Xiong Jip­ing, a Chi­nese teacher with the Pu­jiang Vo­ca­tional Sec­ondary School head­ing the group. He found out Ger­many’s strong suit in vo­ca­tional train­ing lied in qual­ity ma­chiner­ies adopted in teach­ing and teach­ers with both sub­stan­tial the­o­ret­i­cal train­ing and hands-on ex­pe­ri­ence.

“The lec­turer who taught our kids dig­i­tally con­trolled pro­gram­ming is an ex­pert from Siemens, and he worked in BFW on a part-time ba­sis,” Xiong says.

Mean­while, Xiong also noted the pro­gresses made in China’s vo­ca­tional train­ing. “Nowa­days, both the govern­ment and schools have be­come aware of the ne­ces­sity of the dual sys­tem.” The dual sys­tem in Ger­many was marked by par­tic­i­pa­tion of both schools and en­ter­prises in vo­ca­tional ed­u­ca­tion.

The pro­gresses came partly as a re­sult of closer co­op­er­a­tion be­tween China and Ger­many in vo­ca­tional train­ing.

Xiong be­lieved, as China’s eco­nomic re­struc­tur­ing de­mands suf­fi­cient sup­ply of high-end tech­ni­cians, co­op­er­a­tion in vo­ca­tional train­ing be­tween the two coun­tries will be closer.

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