Host diplo­macy for a new world order

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - VIEWS -

Since the 18th Na­tional Congress of the Com­mu­nist Party of China in Novem­ber 2012, China has adopted an ac­tive ap­proach to diplo­macy both glob­ally and do­mes­ti­cally. While Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping has left his mark and voice in al­most every cor­ner of the world thanks to his many for­eign vis­its in the past five years, China has hosted close to 10 sig­na­ture events of global or re­gional im­por­tance, with con­sis­tent fo­cus on China-re­lated and mul­ti­lat­eral is­sues, since 2014.

The con­cept of “host diplo­macy” was put for­ward by For­eign Min­is­ter Wang Yi in early 2014 while talk­ing about China host­ing the Con­fer­ence on In­ter­ac­tion and Con­fi­dence Build­ing in Asia (CICA) sum­mit and the Asia-Pa­cific Eco­nomic Co­op­er­a­tion meet­ing in the same year. Host diplo­macy can be de­fined as diplo­matic events hosted or ini­ti­ated by a coun­try that has the abil­ity to set and ex­e­cute agen­das, which other par­tic­i­pants find at­trac­tive and are willing to sup­port.

China’s host diplo­macy be­gan with the host­ing of the fourth CICA sum­mit in Shang­hai on May 20-21, 2014, which fo­cused on se­cu­rity. On Nov 10-12 the same year, Bei­jing hosted the APEC Eco­nomic Lead­ers’ Meet­ing with a fo­cus on Asian econ­omy. China’s host diplo­macy in­ten­si­fied in 2015 when it hosted four in­ter­na­tional events — China-Latin Amer­ica and the Caribbean Sum­mit, which fo­cused on deep­en­ing Sino-Latin Amer­i­can co­op­er­a­tion; Boao Fo­rum for Asia, where Xi ar­tic­u­lated the con­cept of “a com­mu­nity of shared des­tiny”; the mil­i­tary pa­rade to mark the 70th an­niver­sary of the vic­tory in the Chi­nese Peo­ple’s War of Re­sis­tance Against Ja­panese Ag­gres­sion (1931-45); and the Fourth Chi­naCen­tral-East­ern Europe Lead­er­ship Sum­mit (16+1) with a fo­cus on the Belt and Road Ini­tia­tive.

By the time the G20 Lead­ers Meet­ing was held in Hangzhou, East China’s Zhe­jiang prov­ince, in Septem­ber last year, China’s host diplo­macy had ma­tured. Many con­sider the Hangzhou meet­ing to be the most sig­nif­i­cant event the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China has hosted. And China’s ac­tive ap­proach to host diplo­macy en­abled it to suc­cess­fully hold the Belt and Road Fo­rum for In­ter­na­tional Co­op­er­a­tion in May this year.

These events pro­vided China with plat­forms to pro­pound its ap­proach to world af­fairs. The plat­forms also helped Bei­jing de­velop and strengthen an in­ter­na­tional mech­a­nism for deep­en­ing co­op­er­a­tion be­tween China and other coun­tries, es­pe­cially its strate­gic part­ners. Bei­jing’s ap­proach to host diplo­macy is in­fused with Xi’s con­cepts of the Chi­nese Dream and a “com­mu­nity of shared des­tiny” which China is de­ter­mined to re­al­ize. For ex­am­ple, to re­al­ize the Asia-Pa­cific “com­mu­nity of shared des­tiny” Xi pre­sented a new frame­work for Asian se­cu­rity at the 2014 CICA sum­mit, which com­prises “com­mon se­cu­rity, com­pre­hen­sive se­cu­rity, co­op­er­a­tion se­cu­rity and sus­tain­able se­cu­rity”.

Xi’s ideas on global gov­er­nance, such as com­mon se­cu­rity, peace, co­op­er­a­tion, and a com­mu­nity of shared des­tiny, and his con­cept about the new en­gines of glob­al­iza­tion such as peace and col­lab­o­ra­tion, open­ness and in­clu­sion, mu­tual trust and mu­tual ben­e­fit, and in­ter­con­nected in­no­va­tion for sus­tain­able devel­op­ment, are all aimed at eras­ing “the deficit of peace, the deficit of devel­op­ment, and the deficit of gov­er­nance” in the world. By mak­ing ef­forts to re­move such deficits, China has taken the first step to­ward build­ing a world of peace, pros­per­ity and open­ness, pro­mot­ing in­ter­con­nected in­no­va­tion, and chart­ing new cour­ses to global civ­i­liza­tion, which Xi said will sig­nal a new era for hu­man­ity.

Bei­jing’s host diplo­macy is global diplo­macy at its best. It will help China to not only achieve its two cen­ten­nial goals of build­ing a mod­er­ately well-off so­ci­ety and ac­cel­er­at­ing so­cial­ist mod­ern­iza­tion, but also to re­al­ize the re­ju­ve­na­tion of Chi­nese na­tion and a world com­mu­nity of shared des­tiny. Per­haps, af­ter the 19th CPC Na­tional Congress, China’s host diplo­macy will play an even greater role in build­ing a more pros­per­ous China and a more pros­per­ous world.

Bei­jing’s ap­proach to host diplo­macy is in­fused with Xi’s con­cepts of the Chi­nese Dream and a “com­mu­nity of shared des­tiny” which China is de­ter­mined to re­al­ize.

The au­thor is an ad­junct pro­fes­sor at the School of Jour­nal­ism and Com­mu­ni­ca­tion and a fel­low at the Na­tional Acad­emy for Devel­op­ment and Strat­egy, Ren­min Univer­sity of China.

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