In­ner Mon­go­lia marks 70 years of fruit­ful re­gional eth­nic au­ton­omy

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - FRONT PAGE - By WANG KAIHAO and YUAN HUI in Ho­hhot Con­tact the writ­ers at wangkai­hao@chi­nadaily.com.cn

The In­ner Mon­go­lia au­tonomous re­gion had a lot to cel­e­brate on its 70th an­niver­sary on Tues­day, in­clud­ing hav­ing built a so­ci­ety grow­ing in pros­per­ity that is based on re­gional eth­nic au­ton­omy.

The fes­tive mood spread from a cel­e­bra­tory cer­e­mony, at­tended by 20,000 peo­ple in the cap­i­tal, Ho­hhot, to the 25 mil­lion res­i­dents of this re­gion’s 1.18 mil­lion square kilo­me­ters of land.

“The suc­cess­ful ex­am­ple set by In­ner Mon­go­lia proves that re­gional eth­nic au­ton­omy is the choice suit­able for China,” said Yu Zheng­sheng, chair­man of the Na­tional Com­mit­tee of the Chi­nese Peo­ple’s Po­lit­i­cal Con­sul­ta­tive Con­fer­ence, the coun­try’s top po­lit­i­cal ad­viser.

Yu led a 63-mem­ber na­tional-level del­e­ga­tion that at­tended the main cer­e­mony at the In­ner Mon­go­lia Eth­nic Sports Cen­ter.

“The sys­tem is a base for a har­mo­nious so­ci­ety and other eth­nic poli­cies of our coun­try,” he said. “Based on the premise of fol­low­ing na­tional poli­cies and keep­ing na­tional unity, it can han­dle spe­cial is­sues of eth­nic re­gions, like pro­tec­tion of lo­cal cul­tures.”

The re­gion, founded in 1947, was the first provin­cial­level eth­nic au­tonomous re­gion in China.

“Unity of eth­nic groups is the life­line for all,” he said.

Yu praised In­ner Mon­go­lia for its ef­forts to en­hance com­mu­ni­ca­tion among dif­fer­ent eth­nic groups for com­mon devel­op­ment.

“The growth of eth­nic groups is in­ter­de­pen­dent on each other,” he said. “Di­ver­sity should be re­spected.”

Yu urged more de­tailed and com­plete poli­cies un­der re­gional eth­nic au­ton­omy to fill the eco­nomic gaps be­tween dif­fer­ent ar­eas and han­dle other so­cial is­sues.

At the same time, he urged the au­tonomous re­gion to re­main vig­i­lant for sep­a­ratists from over­seas, and keep the coun­try’s north­ern bor­der sta­ble and pros­per­ous.

In­ner Mon­go­lia’s gross re­gional prod­uct reached 1.86 tril­lion yuan ($278 bil­lion) in 2016. Per capita, that amounts to 74,000 yuan, putting it in sixth place among China’s prov­inces and re­gions, ac­cord­ing to Li Ji­heng, the Party chief of the au­tonomous re­gion.

The re­gion is also the coun­try’s big­gest coal pro­ducer and elec­tric power provider. “Devel­op­ment is more co­or­di­nated, and re­forms have been strength­ened,” Li said. “So­ci­ety is now fo­cused on im­prov­ing peo­ple’s liveli­hood.”

In 2011, 2.58 mil­lion peo­ple in In­ner Mon­go­lia were liv­ing in poverty, but that num­ber dropped to 556,000 in 2016, Li said.

Yu en­cour­aged im­proved, cre­ative and di­verse in­dus­tries with the unique char­ac­ter­is­tics of In­ner Mon­go­lia. He also sug­gested con­tin­u­ing to re­duce ex­ces­sive pro­duc­tion ca­pac­ity, guard­ing against fi­nan­cial prob­lems while build­ing in­fra­struc­ture, and safe­guard­ing the en­vi­ron­ment while de­vel­op­ing the econ­omy.

MA JIANQUAN / FOR CHINA DAILY

Women wear­ing the na­tive dress of dif­fer­ent eth­nic groups in In­ner Mon­go­lia dis­play goods as­so­ci­ated with their cul­ture dur­ing the cel­e­bra­tion of the au­tonomous re­gion’s 70th an­niver­sary on Tues­day.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from China

© PressReader. All rights reserved.