Diplo­macy will be more ef­fec­tive in new era

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - VIEWS - Wang Fan The au­thor is vice-pres­i­dent of China For­eign Af­fairs Univer­sity. Source: chin­aus­fo­cus.com

The out­comes of the suc­cess­ful 19th Na­tional Congress of the Com­mu­nist Party of China have prompted some in­ter­na­tional ob­servers to sug­gest China will be­come ex­pan­sion­ist and may seek to lead the world. But they should rest as­sured that China’s diplo­macy will never be­come rad­i­cal or ad­ven­tur­ous. In­stead, it will con­tinue up­hold­ing the val­ues of peace, co­op­er­a­tion, fair­ness and jus­tice, and the Chi­nese lead­er­ship will con­tinue to serve the peo­ple and pur­sue de­vel­op­ment while main­tain­ing na­tional sta­bil­ity.

A coun­try’s diplo­macy is the ex­ten­sion of its do­mes­tic pol­i­tics. And China is keenly aware of the im­por­tance of its eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment as, in his re­port to the 19th Party Congress, Gen­eral Sec­re­tary Xi Jin­ping said China will not be­come a strong so­cial­ist coun­try be­fore 2050. Un­til then, China will con­tinue to ad­dress the con­tra­dic­tion be­tween peo­ple’s de­sire to lead a bet­ter life and in­ad­e­quate, un­bal­anced eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment.

De­spite be­ing the world’s sec­ond-largest econ­omy, China con­sid­ers it­self a de­vel­op­ing coun­try, and hence its diplo­macy will be sober-minded and prag­matic. China still has a long way to go to be­come a de­vel­oped coun­try, and its diplo­macy will re­main that of a de­vel­op­ing coun­try. How­ever, that will not pre­vent China from play­ing an ac­tive role in pro­mot­ing glob­al­iza­tion and eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment, or fight­ing cli­mate change and other threats to hu­man­ity.

Be­sides, China will con­tinue to fur­ther open up to the out­side world, as in­di­cated by the 19th Party Congress. China needs a peace­ful ex­ter­nal en­vi­ron­ment to con­tinue to take mea­sures to boost do­mes­tic de­mand. Rather than be­com­ing more ag­gres­sive glob­ally, it will try to strike the right bal­ance be­tween do­mes­tic and for­eign poli­cies.

Also, ma­jor-coun­try diplo­macy with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics will be char­ac­ter­ized by greater strate­gic, sys­temic and holis­tic de­signs. In­stead of mak­ing na­tional poli­cies based on hotspot is­sues, it will view hotspot is­sues and bi­lat­eral dis­putes against a big­ger pic­ture and frame­work of peace­ful de­vel­op­ment.

In other words, it will pro­mote world peace by deal­ing with key is­sues of global hu­man de­velop- ment through mul­ti­lay­ered, all­round di­plo­matic ar­range­ments, from a long-term and in­sti­tu­tion­al­ized ap­proach, which would ease and/or re­solve re­gional dis­putes. A pat­tern of be­nign in­ter­ac­tions be­tween China and the rest of the world has al­ready been es­tab­lished, and a close bond of com­mon pros­per­ity will grow with the pas­sage of time. As such, China will leap for­ward while pro­mot­ing fairer, more bal­anced de­vel­op­ment.

More­over, ma­jor-coun­try diplo­macy with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics has two salient fea­tures. As For­eign Min­is­ter Wang Yi said, th­ese fea­tures sig­nify a new type of in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions aimed at build­ing a com­mu­nity of shared fu­ture for hu­man­ity.

This new type of in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions is aimed at prov­ing false the con­tention that a ris­ing power is des­tined to clash with an es­tab­lished one, and that a strong coun­try will nec­es­sar­ily bully smaller ones. China is de­ter­mined to avoid zero-sum games and es­tab­lish win-win co­op­er­a­tion with the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity. It will also try to blaze a trail dif­fer­ent from those of tra­di­tional pow­ers. And it will for­sake such tra­di­tional prac­tices as col­o­niza­tion, and build­ing spheres of in­flu­ence or tra­di­tional al­liances, or bas­ing its pros­per­ity on other coun­tries’ poverty and se­cu­rity on oth­ers’ in­se­cu­rity.

The con­cept of build­ing a global com­mu­nity of shared fu­ture was put for­ward by Xi after the 18th Party Congress, which re­ceived full en­dorse­ment at the 19th Party Congress. But that doesn’t mean China will negate tra­di­tional diplo­macy. In­stead, it will ex­tend and de­velop it.

With the guide­lines of the 19th Party Congress, Chi­nese diplo­macy will con­tinue to con­trib­ute to global peace and de­vel­op­ment.

China is de­ter­mined to avoid zero-sum games and es­tab­lish win­win co­op­er­a­tion with the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity.

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