Global role brings suc­cess for pro­pos­als

With an in­creas­ingly in­flu­en­tial role on the world stage, China has seen its pro­pos­als shape global outlook, An Baijie re­ports.

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - FRONT PAGE - Xin­hua contributed to this story. Con­tact the writer at an­bai­jie@chi­nadaily.com.cn

China has taken a more proac­tive and pos­i­tive ap­proach in its diplo­macy in 2017, with a num­ber of China-raised pro­pos­als trans­lated into real out­comes and ac­tions by the global com­mu­nity, an­a­lysts said.

The in­flu­en­tial pro­pos­als raised by China in re­cent years in­clude the Belt and Road Ini­tia­tive, build­ing a com­mu­nity of shared fu­ture for mankind, and fos­ter­ing a new form of in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions. All of them yielded fruit­ful re­sults in 2017 with China’s pro­mo­tion.

The Com­mu­nist Party of China’s 19th Na­tional Congress held in Oc­to­ber has es­tab­lished Xi Jin­ping Thought on So­cial­ism with Chi­nese Char­ac­ter­is­tics for a New Era, and it has set out the di­rec­tion of China’s diplo­macy in the new era, For­eign Min­is­ter Wang Yi told a diplo­matic sym­po­sium early this month.

“This has given Chi­nese an­swers to the se­ri­ous ques­tions con­fronting the world. That is to say, China be­lieves it is es­sen­tial to ad­vance peace, de­vel­op­ment and win­win co­op­er­a­tion, foster a new form of in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions and build a com­mu­nity with a shared fu­ture for mankind,” he said.

Build­ing the Belt and Road

The Belt and Road Ini­tia­tive, put for­ward by Xi in 2013 to boost in­ter­con­nec­tiv­ity be­tween Asia and the rest of the world, has de­liv­ered real ben­e­fits through win-win co­op­er­a­tion and at­tracted ex­ten­sive par­tic­i­pa­tion.

In May, Xi suc­cess­fully chaired the first Belt and Road Fo­rum for In­ter­na­tional Co­op­er­a­tion in Bei­jing.

The heads of state from 29 for­eign coun­tries, se­nior rep­re­sen­ta­tives from over 130 coun­tries and heads of over 70 in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions at­tended the event.

At the fo­rum, Xi set out the ob­jec­tive of build­ing the Belt and Road into a road for peace, pros­per­ity, openingup, in­no­va­tion and ex­changes among civ­i­liza­tions.

A se­ries of ma­jor projects were launched on the ground dur­ing the fo­rum. A win-win co­op­er­a­tion net­work is com­ing into be­ing, cen­ter­ing around the Eurasian con­ti­nent and reach­ing out to con­ti­nents and oceans across the world.

China has signed Belt and Road co­op­er­a­tion agree­ments with 80 coun­tries and or­ga­ni­za­tions and built 75 over­seas eco­nomic and trade co­op­er­a­tion zones in 24 coun­tries un­der the Belt and Road frame­work, ac­cord­ing to data re­leased by the For­eign Min­istry.

Chi­nese busi­nesses have in­vested over $50 bil­lion and cre­ated nearly 200,000 lo­cal jobs in the coun­tries along the Belt and Road.

“The Belt and Road has re­sponded to the shared de­sire for ac­cel­er­ated de­vel­op­ment and seeks to pool the re­sources from wider ar­eas,” said Jin Yong, deputy head of the School of In­ter­na­tional Stud­ies at the Com­mu­ni­ca­tion Univer­sity of China.

The ini­tia­tive will in­ject strong im­pe­tus to the build­ing of a com­mu­nity with a shared fu­ture for mankind, he said.

Boost­ing open economies

Fac­ing slug­gish global eco­nomic growth, China has given the so­lu­tion, that is, to ad­vo­cate free trade and eco­nomic glob­al­iza­tion.

In his key­note speech at the World Eco­nomic Fo­rum held in Davos in Jan­uary, Xi em­pha­sized that many of the world’s prob­lems are not caused by eco­nomic glob­al­iza­tion, and try­ing to re­verse the trend of glob­al­iza­tion will be fu­tile.

“Prac­tic­ing trade pro­tec­tion­ism is like lock­ing one­self in a dark room. It seems to have screened wind and rain, but it also iso­lates one from sun­shine and air,” Xi said at the fo­rum.

The pres­i­dent ad­vo­cated free trade and open economies on var­i­ous oc­ca­sions and global stages in­clud­ing the G20 Ham­burg Sum­mit, the BRICS Xi­a­men Sum­mit and the APEC Eco­nomic Lead­ers’ Week held in Da Nang, Viet­nam.

“Open­ness brings progress, while self-seclu­sion leaves one be­hind. China will not close its door to the world, we will only be­come more and more open,” Xi said in the re­port of the Party’s 19th Na­tional Congress.

For­eign di­rect in­vest­ment made by global com­pa­nies on the Chi­nese main­land rose by 9.8 per­cent year-on-year to 803.62 bil­lion yuan ($122 bil­lion) in the first 11 months, ac­cord­ing to the Min­istry of Com­merce.

China’s open stance was re­it­er­ated at the Cen­tral Eco­nomic Work Con­fer­ence held from Dec 18-20 at which eco­nomic work was mapped out for the next year.

The coun­try will in­crease im­ports and cut im­port tar­iffs on some prod­ucts, ex­pand free trade zone pi­lots, guide and sup­port out­bound in­vest­ment, and push for a shorter neg­a­tive list for for­eign in­vest­ment, ac­cord­ing to a state­ment re­leased after the meet­ing.

Build­ing a com­mu­nity of a shared fu­ture

On Dec 1, Xi called on po­lit­i­cal par­ties world­wide to make joint ef­forts to build a com­mu­nity of a shared fu­ture for mankind as the CPC held the first high-level di­a­logue with world po­lit­i­cal par­ties in Bei­jing.

Xi’s speech, last­ing about half an hour, drew ap­plause nearly 20 times from the around 600 del­e­gates. The con­cept of build­ing a com­mu­nity of a shared fu­ture for mankind has been trans­lated into real ac­tions, Xi said.

Even since he first ex­pounded the over­ar­ch­ing idea to the world in 2013 in a speech at the Moscow State In­sti­tute of In­ter­na­tional Re­la­tions, Xi’s propo­si­tion has charted a clear and vi­able course for­ward.

“Our world is full of hope and chal­lenges . ... No coun­try can ad­dress alone the many chal­lenges fac­ing mankind; no coun­try can af­ford to re­treat into self-iso­la­tion,” Xi said in his re­port to the CPC’s 19th Na­tional Congress.

In Xi’s view, a com­mu­nity with a shared fu­ture for mankind should fea­ture mu­tual re­spect, di­ver­sity and di­a­logue based on equal­ity and peace­ful co-ex­is­tence among dif­fer­ent civ­i­liza­tions, and the world or­der should be de­cided not by one coun­try or a few, but by broad in­ter­na­tional con­sen­sus.

In Fe­bru­ary, the 55th UN Com­mis­sion for So­cial De­vel­op­ment ap­proved a res­o­lu­tion that called for more sup­port for eco­nomic and so­cial de­vel­op­ment in Africa by em­brac­ing the spirit of build­ing “a hu­man com­mu­nity with shared des­tiny”.

It was the first time that a UN res­o­lu­tion in­cor­po­rated the im­por­tant Chi­nese con­cept.

Wil­liam Jones, Washington Bureau chief of US pub­li­ca­tion Ex­ec­u­tive In­tel­li­gence Re­view, told Xin­hua News Agency that Xi’s pro­posal is an “at­tempt by the Chi­nese pres­i­dent to over­come and re­place the tra­di­tional no­tion of ‘geopol­i­tics’, in which there are al­ways ‘win­ners’ and ‘losers’, and in which the prin­ci­ple of ‘might makes right’ tends to pre­dom­i­nate”.

“In this new con­cept, ev­ery­one plays a role and the ben­e­fits achieved by any one na­tion can be shared by all,” he was quoted as say­ing.

Xi has also played a con­struc­tive role in im­prov­ing global gov­er­nance. Bei­jing has been push­ing for a big­ger say for the de­vel­op­ing world in key global bod­ies and ded­i­cated to build­ing a new type of in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions.

To main­tain world peace, China has been a top con­trib­u­tor to UN peace­keep­ing mis­sions and stead­fastly cham­pi­oning peace­ful set­tle­ment of hot-but­ton is­sues world­wide.

Ruan Zongze, vice-pres­i­dent of the China In­sti­tute of In­ter­na­tional Stud­ies, said that now as the world is fac­ing more and more un­cer­tain­ties and chal­lenges, ex­pec­ta­tions are run­ning high for China to make more con­tri­bu­tions to world de­vel­op­ment.

“As the largest de­vel­op­ing coun­try, China’s pos­i­tive voices and ac­tions are like sun­shine for the global com­mu­nity be­cause China’s in­ter­na­tional pol­icy could be a great as­sur­ance for the world to face un­cer­tain­ties,” he said.

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