The Law of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China on Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity in HKSAR

China Daily (Hong Kong) - - DOCUMENT -

Editor's Note: The Law of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China on Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion (HKSAR) was passed unan­i­mously on June 30 at the 20th ses­sion of the Stand­ing Com­mit­tee of the 13th Na­tional Peo­ple’s Congress (NPC). Xin­hua News Agency re­leased an English trans­la­tion of the law for ref­er­ence. Full text be­low:

Con­tents

Chap­ter I Gen­eral Prin­ci­ples Chap­ter II The Du­ties and the Govern­ment Bod­ies of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity

Part 1 Du­ties

Part 2 Govern­ment Bod­ies Chap­ter III Of­fences and Penal­ties Part 1 Se­ces­sion

Part 2 Sub­ver­sion

Part 3 Ter­ror­ist Ac­tiv­i­ties

Part 4 Col­lu­sion with a For­eign Coun­try or with Ex­ter­nal El­e­ments to En­dan­ger Na­tional Se­cu­rity

Part 5 Other Pro­vi­sions on Penalty Part 6 Scope of Ap­pli­ca­tion Chap­ter IV Ju­ris­dic­tion, Ap­pli­ca­ble Law and Pro­ce­dure

Chap­ter V Of­fice for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion

Chap­ter VI Sup­ple­men­tary Pro­vi­sions

Chap­ter I

Gen­eral Prin­ci­ples

Ar­ti­cle 1 This Law is en­acted, in ac­cor­dance with the Con­sti­tu­tion of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, the Ba­sic Law of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, and the De­ci­sion of the Na­tional Peo­ple’s Congress on Es­tab­lish­ing and Im­prov­ing the Le­gal Sys­tem and En­force­ment Mech­a­nisms for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion, for the pur­pose of:

- en­sur­ing the res­o­lute, full and faith­ful im­ple­men­ta­tion of the pol­icy of One Coun­try, Two Sys­tems un­der which the peo­ple of Hong Kong ad­min­is­ter Hong Kong with a high de­gree of au­ton­omy;

- safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity; - pre­vent­ing, sup­press­ing and im­pos­ing pu­n­ish­ment for the of­fences of se­ces­sion, sub­ver­sion, or­gan­i­sa­tion and per­pe­tra­tion of ter­ror­ist ac­tiv­i­ties, and col­lu­sion with a for­eign coun­try or with ex­ter­nal el­e­ments to en­dan­ger na­tional se­cu­rity in re­la­tion to the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion;

- main­tain­ing pros­per­ity and sta­bil­ity of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion; and

- pro­tect­ing the law­ful rights and in­ter­ests of the res­i­dents of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion.

Ar­ti­cle 2 The pro­vi­sions in Ar­ti­cles 1 and 12 of the Ba­sic Law of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion on the le­gal sta­tus of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion are the fun­da­men­tal pro­vi­sions in the Ba­sic Law. No in­sti­tu­tion, or­gan­i­sa­tion or in­di­vid­ual in the Re­gion shall con­tra­vene these pro­vi­sions in ex­er­cis­ing their rights and free­doms.

Ar­ti­cle 3 The Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment has an over­ar­ch­ing re­spon­si­bil­ity for na­tional se­cu­rity af­fairs re­lat­ing to the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion.

It is the duty of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion un­der the Con­sti­tu­tion to safe­guard na­tional se­cu­rity and the Re­gion shall per­form the duty ac­cord­ingly.

The ex­ec­u­tive au­thor­i­ties, leg­is­la­ture and ju­di­ciary of the Re­gion shall ef­fec­tively pre­vent, sup­press and im­pose pu­n­ish­ment for any act or ac­tiv­ity en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity in ac­cor­dance with this Law and other rel­e­vant laws.

Ar­ti­cle 4 Hu­man rights shall be re­spected and pro­tected in safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion. The rights and free­doms, in­clud­ing the free­doms of speech, of the press, of pub­li­ca­tion, of as­so­ci­a­tion, of as­sem­bly, of pro­ces­sion and of demon­stra­tion, which the res­i­dents of the Re­gion en­joy un­der the Ba­sic Law of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion and the pro­vi­sions of the In­ter­na­tional Covenant on Civil and Po­lit­i­cal Rights and the In­ter­na­tional Covenant on Eco­nomic, So­cial and Cul­tural Rights as ap­plied to Hong Kong, shall be pro­tected in ac­cor­dance with the law.

Ar­ti­cle 5 The prin­ci­ple of the rule of law shall be ad­hered to in pre­vent­ing, sup­press­ing, and im­pos­ing pu­n­ish­ment for of­fences en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity. A per­son who com­mits an act which con­sti­tutes an of­fence un­der the law shall be con­victed and pun­ished in ac­cor­dance with the law. No one shall be con­victed and pun­ished for an act which does not con­sti­tute an of­fence un­der the law.

A per­son is pre­sumed in­no­cent un­til con­victed by a ju­di­cial body. The right to de­fend him­self or her­self and other rights in ju­di­cial pro­ceed­ings that a crim­i­nal sus­pect, de­fen­dant, and other par­ties in ju­di­cial pro­ceed­ings are en­ti­tled to un­der the law shall be pro­tected. No one shall be li­able to be tried or pun­ished again for an of­fence for which he or she has al­ready been fi­nally con­victed or ac­quit­ted in ju­di­cial pro­ceed­ings.

Ar­ti­cle 6 It is the com­mon re­spon­si­bil­ity of all the peo­ple of China, in­clud­ing the peo­ple of Hong Kong, to safe­guard the sovereignt­y, uni­fi­ca­tion and ter­ri­to­rial in­tegrity of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China.

Any in­sti­tu­tion, or­gan­i­sa­tion or in­di­vid­ual in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall abide by this Law and the laws of the Re­gion in re­la­tion to the safe­guard­ing of na­tional se­cu­rity, and shall not en­gage in any act or ac­tiv­ity which en­dan­gers na­tional se­cu­rity.

A res­i­dent of the Re­gion who stands for elec­tion or as­sumes pub­lic of­fice shall con­firm in writ­ing or take an oath to up­hold the Ba­sic Law of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China and swear al­le­giance to the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China in ac­cor­dance with the law.

Chap­ter II

The Du­ties and the Govern­ment Bod­ies of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity Part 1 Du­ties

Ar­ti­cle 7 The Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall com­plete, as early as pos­si­ble, leg­is­la­tion for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity as stip­u­lated in the Ba­sic Law of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion and shall re­fine rel­e­vant laws.

Ar­ti­cle 8 In or­der to safe­guard na­tional se­cu­rity ef­fec­tively, the law en­force­ment and ju­di­cial au­thor­i­ties of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall fully en­force this Law and the laws in force in the Re­gion con­cern­ing the preven­tion of, sup­pres­sion of, and im­po­si­tion of pu­n­ish­ment for acts and ac­tiv­i­ties en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity.

Ar­ti­cle 9 The Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall strengthen its work on safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity and preven­tion of ter­ror­ist ac­tiv­i­ties. The Govern­ment of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall take nec­es­sary mea­sures to strengthen pub­lic com­mu­ni­ca­tion, guid­ance, su­per­vi­sion and reg­u­la­tion over mat­ters con­cern­ing na­tional se­cu­rity, in­clud­ing those re­lat­ing to schools, uni­ver­si­ties, so­cial or­gan­i­sa­tions, the me­dia, and the in­ter­net.

Ar­ti­cle 10 The Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall pro­mote na­tional se­cu­rity ed­u­ca­tion in schools and uni­ver­si­ties and through so­cial or­gan­i­sa­tions, the me­dia, the in­ter­net and other means to raise the aware­ness of Hong Kong res­i­dents of na­tional se­cu­rity and of the obli­ga­tion to abide by the law.

Ar­ti­cle 11 The Chief Ex­ec­u­tive of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall be ac­count­able to the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment for af­fairs re­lat­ing to safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion and shall sub­mit an annual re­port on the per­for­mance of du­ties of the Re­gion in safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity.

The Chief Ex­ec­u­tive shall, at the re­quest of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment, sub­mit in a timely man­ner a re­port on spe­cific mat­ters re­lat­ing to safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity. Part 2 Govern­ment Bod­ies

Ar­ti­cle 12 The Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall es­tab­lish the Com­mit­tee for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity. The Com­mit­tee shall be re­spon­si­ble for af­fairs re­lat­ing to and as­sume pri­mary re­spon­si­bil­ity for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity in the Re­gion. It shall be un­der the su­per­vi­sion of and ac­count­able to the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment.

Ar­ti­cle 13 The Chief Ex­ec­u­tive shall be the chair­per­son of the Com­mit­tee for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion. The other mem­bers of the Com­mit­tee shall be the Chief Sec­re­tary for Ad­min­is­tra­tion, the Fi­nan­cial Sec­re­tary, the Sec­re­tary for Jus­tice, the Sec­re­tary for Se­cu­rity, the Com­mis­sioner of Po­lice, the head of the depart­ment for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Po­lice Force es­tab­lished un­der Ar­ti­cle 16 of this Law, the Direc­tor of Im­mi­gra­tion, the Com­mis­sioner of Cus­toms and Ex­cise, and the Direc­tor of the Chief Ex­ec­u­tive’s Of­fice.

A sec­re­tariat headed by a Sec­re­tary-Gen­eral shall be es­tab­lished un­der the Com­mit­tee. The Sec­re­tary-Gen­eral shall be ap­pointed by the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment upon nom­i­na­tion by the Chief Ex­ec­u­tive.

Ar­ti­cle 14 The du­ties and func­tions of the Com­mit­tee for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall be: (1) analysing and as­sess­ing devel­op­ments in re­la­tion to safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion, mak­ing work plans, and for­mu­lat­ing poli­cies for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity in the Re­gion; (2) ad­vanc­ing the developmen­t of the le­gal sys­tem and en­force­ment mech­a­nisms of the Re­gion for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity; and (3) co­or­di­nat­ing ma­jor work and sig­nif­i­cant op­er­a­tions for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity in the Re­gion.

No in­sti­tu­tion, or­gan­i­sa­tion or in­di­vid­ual in the Re­gion shall in­ter­fere with the work of the Com­mit­tee. In­for­ma­tion re­lat­ing to the work of the Com­mit­tee shall not be sub­ject to dis­clo­sure. De­ci­sions made by the Com­mit­tee shall not be amenable to ju­di­cial re­view.

Ar­ti­cle 15 The Com­mit­tee for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall have a Na­tional Se­cu­rity Ad­viser, who shall be des­ig­nated by the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment and pro­vide advice on mat­ters re­lat­ing to the du­ties and func­tions of the Com­mit­tee. The Na­tional Se­cu­rity Ad­viser shall sit in on meet­ings of the Com­mit­tee.

Ar­ti­cle 16 The Po­lice Force of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall es­tab­lish a depart­ment for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity with law en­force­ment ca­pac­ity.

The head of the depart­ment for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Po­lice Force shall be ap­pointed by the Chief Ex­ec­u­tive. The Chief Ex­ec­u­tive shall seek in writ­ing the opin­ion of the Of­fice es­tab­lished un­der Ar­ti­cle 48 of this Law be­fore mak­ing the ap­point­ment. When as­sum­ing of­fice, the head of the depart­ment for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Po­lice Force shall swear to up­hold the Ba­sic Law of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, swear al­le­giance to the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, and swear to abide by the law and to ob­serve the obli­ga­tion of se­crecy.

The depart­ment for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Po­lice Force may re­cruit qual­i­fied pro­fes­sion­als and tech­ni­cal per­son­nel from out­side the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion to pro­vide as­sis­tance in the per­for­mance of du­ties for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity.

Ar­ti­cle 17 The du­ties and func­tions of the depart­ment for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Po­lice Force shall be:

(1) col­lect­ing and analysing in­tel­li­gence and in­for­ma­tion con­cern­ing na­tional se­cu­rity;

(2) plan­ning, co­or­di­nat­ing and en­forc­ing mea­sures and op­er­a­tions for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity;

(3) in­ves­ti­gat­ing of­fences en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity;

(4) con­duct­ing counter-in­ter­fer­ence in­ves­ti­ga­tion and na­tional se­cu­rity re­view;

(5) car­ry­ing out tasks of safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity as­signed by the Com­mit­tee for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion; and

(6) per­form­ing other du­ties and func­tions nec­es­sary for the en­force­ment of this Law.

Ar­ti­cle 18 The Depart­ment of Jus­tice of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall es­tab­lish a specialise­d pros­e­cu­tion di­vi­sion re­spon­si­ble for the pros­e­cu­tion of of­fences en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity and other re­lated le­gal work. The pros­e­cu­tors of this di­vi­sion shall be ap­pointed by the Sec­re­tary for Jus­tice after ob­tain­ing the con­sent of the Com­mit­tee for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion.

The head of the specialise­d pros­e­cu­tion di­vi­sion of the Depart­ment of Jus­tice shall be ap­pointed by the Chief Ex­ec­u­tive, who shall seek in writ­ing the opin­ion of the Of­fice es­tab­lished un­der Ar­ti­cle 48 of this Law be­fore mak­ing the ap­point­ment. When as­sum­ing of­fice, the head of the specialise­d pros­e­cu­tion di­vi­sion shall swear to up­hold the Ba­sic Law of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, swear al­le­giance to the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, and swear to abide by the law and to ob­serve the obli­ga­tion of se­crecy.

Ar­ti­cle 19 The Fi­nan­cial Sec­re­tary of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall, upon ap­proval of the Chief Ex­ec­u­tive, ap­pro­pri­ate from the gen­eral rev­enue a spe­cial fund to meet the ex­pen­di­ture for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity and ap­prove the es­tab­lish­ment of rel­e­vant posts, which are not sub­ject to any re­stric­tions in the rel­e­vant pro­vi­sions of the laws in force in the Re­gion. The Fi­nan­cial Sec­re­tary shall sub­mit an annual re­port on the con­trol and man­age­ment of the fund for this pur­pose to the Leg­isla­tive Coun­cil of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion.

Chap­ter III

Of­fences and Penal­ties Part 1 Se­ces­sion

Ar­ti­cle 20 A per­son who or­gan­ises, plans, com­mits or par­tic­i­pates in any of the fol­low­ing acts, whether or not by force or threat of force, with a view to com­mit­ting se­ces­sion or un­der­min­ing na­tional uni­fi­ca­tion shall be guilty of an of­fence:

(1) sep­a­rat­ing the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion or any other part of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China from the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China;

(2) al­ter­ing by un­law­ful means the le­gal sta­tus of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion or of any other part of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China; or

(3) sur­ren­der­ing the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion or any other part of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China to a for­eign coun­try.

A per­son who is a prin­ci­pal of­fender or a per­son who com­mits an of­fence of a grave na­ture shall be sen­tenced to life im­pris­on­ment or fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not less than ten years; a per­son who ac­tively par­tic­i­pates in the of­fence shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not less than three years but not more than ten years; and other par­tic­i­pants shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not more than three years, short-term detention or re­stric­tion.

Ar­ti­cle 21 A per­son who in­cites, as­sists in, abets or pro­vides pe­cu­niary or other fi­nan­cial as­sis­tance or prop­erty for the com­mis­sion by other per­sons of the of­fence un­der Ar­ti­cle 20 of this Law shall be guilty of an of­fence. If the cir­cum­stances of the of­fence com­mit­ted by a per­son are of a se­ri­ous na­ture, the per­son shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not less than five years but not more than ten years; if the cir­cum­stances of the of­fence com­mit­ted by a per­son are of a mi­nor na­ture, the per­son shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not more than five years, short-term detention or re­stric­tion. Part 2 Sub­ver­sion

Ar­ti­cle 22 A per­son who or­gan­ises, plans, com­mits or par­tic­i­pates in any of the fol­low­ing acts by force or threat of force or other un­law­ful means with a view to sub­vert­ing the State power shall be guilty of an of­fence:

(1) over­throw­ing or un­der­min­ing the ba­sic sys­tem of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China es­tab­lished by the Con­sti­tu­tion of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China;

(2) over­throw­ing the body of cen­tral power of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China or the body of power of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion;

(3) se­ri­ously in­ter­fer­ing in, dis­rupt­ing, or un­der­min­ing the per­for­mance of du­ties and func­tions in ac­cor­dance with the law by the body of cen­tral power of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China or the body of power of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion; or

(4) at­tack­ing or dam­ag­ing the premises and fa­cil­i­ties used by the body of power of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion to per­form its du­ties and func­tions, ren­der­ing it in­ca­pable of per­form­ing its nor­mal du­ties and func­tions.

A per­son who is a prin­ci­pal of­fender or a per­son who com­mits an of­fence of a grave na­ture shall be sen­tenced to life im­pris­on­ment or fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not less than ten years; a per­son who ac­tively par­tic­i­pates in the of­fence shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not less than three years but not more than ten years; and other par­tic­i­pants shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not more than three years, short-term detention or re­stric­tion.

Ar­ti­cle 23 A per­son who in­cites, as­sists in, abets or pro­vides pe­cu­niary or other fi­nan­cial as­sis­tance or prop­erty for the com­mis­sion by other per­sons of the of­fence un­der Ar­ti­cle 22 of this Law shall be guilty of an of­fence. If the cir­cum­stances of the of­fence com­mit­ted by a per­son are of a se­ri­ous na­ture, the per­son shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not less than five years but not more than ten years; if the cir­cum­stances of the of­fence com­mit­ted by a per­son are of a mi­nor na­ture, the per­son shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not more than five years, short-term detention or re­stric­tion. Part 3 Ter­ror­ist Ac­tiv­i­ties

Ar­ti­cle 24 A per­son who or­gan­ises, plans, com­mits, par­tic­i­pates in or threat­ens to com­mit any of the fol­low­ing ter­ror­ist ac­tiv­i­ties caus­ing or in­tended to cause grave

harm to the so­ci­ety with a view to co­erc­ing the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment, the Govern­ment of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion or an in­ter­na­tional or­gan­i­sa­tion or in­tim­i­dat­ing the pub­lic in or­der to pur­sue po­lit­i­cal agenda shall be guilty of an of­fence: (1) se­ri­ous vi­o­lence against a per­son or per­sons; (2) ex­plo­sion, ar­son, or dis­sem­i­na­tion of poi­sonous or ra­dioac­tive sub­stances, pathogens of in­fec­tious diseases or other sub­stances;

(3) sab­o­tage of means of trans­port, trans­port fa­cil­i­ties, elec­tric power or gas fa­cil­i­ties, or other com­bustible or ex­plosi­ble fa­cil­i­ties;

(4) se­ri­ous in­ter­rup­tion or sab­o­tage of elec­tronic con­trol sys­tems for pro­vid­ing and managing pub­lic ser­vices such as wa­ter, elec­tric power, gas, trans­port, telecom­mu­ni­ca­tions and the in­ter­net; or

(5) other dan­ger­ous ac­tiv­i­ties which se­ri­ously jeop­ar­dise pub­lic health, safety or se­cu­rity.

A per­son who com­mits the of­fence caus­ing se­ri­ous bod­ily in­jury, death or sig­nif­i­cant loss of pub­lic or pri­vate prop­erty shall be sen­tenced to life im­pris­on­ment or fixedterm im­pris­on­ment of not less than ten years; in other cir­cum­stances, a per­son who com­mits the of­fence shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not less than three years but not more than ten years.

Ar­ti­cle 25 A per­son who or­gan­ises or takes charge of a ter­ror­ist or­gan­i­sa­tion shall be guilty of an of­fence and shall be sen­tenced to life im­pris­on­ment or fixedterm im­pris­on­ment of not less than ten years, and shall be sub­ject to con­fis­ca­tion of prop­erty; a per­son who ac­tively par­tic­i­pates in a ter­ror­ist or­gan­i­sa­tion shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not less than three years but not more than ten years and shall be im­posed with a crim­i­nal fine; and other par­tic­i­pants shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not more than three years, short-term detention or re­stric­tion, and shall be li­able to a crim­i­nal fine.

For the pur­pose of this Law, a ter­ror­ist or­gan­i­sa­tion means an or­gan­i­sa­tion which com­mits or in­tends to com­mit the of­fence un­der Ar­ti­cle 24 of this Law or par­tic­i­pates or as­sists in the com­mis­sion of the of­fence.

Ar­ti­cle 26 A per­son who pro­vides sup­port, as­sis­tance or fa­cil­ity such as train­ing, weapons, in­for­ma­tion, funds, sup­plies, labour, trans­port, tech­nolo­gies or venues to a ter­ror­ist or­gan­i­sa­tion or a ter­ror­ist, or for the com­mis­sion of a ter­ror­ist ac­tiv­ity; or man­u­fac­tures or il­le­gally pos­sesses sub­stances such as ex­plo­sive, poi­sonous or ra­dioac­tive sub­stances and pathogens of in­fec­tious diseases or uses other means to pre­pare for the com­mis­sion of a ter­ror­ist ac­tiv­ity, shall be guilty of an of­fence. If the cir­cum­stances of the of­fence com­mit­ted by a per­son are of a se­ri­ous na­ture, the per­son shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not less than five years but not more than ten years, and shall be im­posed with a crim­i­nal fine or sub­ject to con­fis­ca­tion of prop­erty; in other cir­cum­stances, a per­son shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not more than five years, short-term detention or re­stric­tion, and shall be im­posed with a crim­i­nal fine.

If the act re­ferred to in the pre­ced­ing para­graph also con­sti­tutes other of­fences, the per­son who com­mits the act shall be con­victed and sen­tenced for the of­fence that car­ries a more se­vere penalty.

Ar­ti­cle 27 A per­son who ad­vo­cates ter­ror­ism or in­cites the com­mis­sion of a ter­ror­ist ac­tiv­ity shall be guilty of an of­fence. If the cir­cum­stances of the of­fence com­mit­ted by a per­son are of a se­ri­ous na­ture, the per­son shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not less than five years but not more than ten years, and shall be im­posed with a crim­i­nal fine or sub­ject to con­fis­ca­tion of prop­erty; in other cir­cum­stances, a per­son shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not more than five years, short-term detention or re­stric­tion, and shall be im­posed with a crim­i­nal fine.

Ar­ti­cle 28 The pro­vi­sions of this Part shall not af­fect the pros­e­cu­tion of ter­ror­ist of­fences com­mit­ted in other forms or the im­po­si­tion of other mea­sures such as freez­ing of prop­erty in ac­cor­dance with the laws of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion. Part 4 Col­lu­sion with a For­eign Coun­try or with Ex­ter­nal El­e­ments to En­dan­ger Na­tional Se­cu­rity

Ar­ti­cle 29 A per­son who steals, spies, ob­tains with pay­ment, or un­law­fully pro­vides State se­crets or in­tel­li­gence con­cern­ing na­tional se­cu­rity for a for­eign coun­try or an in­sti­tu­tion, or­gan­i­sa­tion or in­di­vid­ual out­side the main­land, Hong Kong and Ma­cao of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China

shall be guilty of an of­fence; a per­son who re­quests a for­eign coun­try or an in­sti­tu­tion, or­gan­i­sa­tion or in­di­vid­ual out­side the main­land, Hong Kong and Ma­cao of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, or con­spires with a for­eign coun­try or an in­sti­tu­tion, or­gan­i­sa­tion or in­di­vid­ual out­side the main­land, Hong Kong and Ma­cao of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, or di­rectly or in­di­rectly re­ceives in­struc­tions, con­trol, fund­ing or other kinds of sup­port from a for­eign coun­try or an in­sti­tu­tion, or­gan­i­sa­tion or in­di­vid­ual out­side the main­land, Hong Kong and Ma­cao of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, to com­mit any of the fol­low­ing acts shall be guilty of an of­fence:

(1) wag­ing a war against the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, or us­ing or threat­en­ing to use force to se­ri­ously un­der­mine the sovereignt­y, uni­fi­ca­tion and ter­ri­to­rial in­tegrity of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China;

(2) se­ri­ously dis­rupt­ing the for­mu­la­tion and im­ple­men­ta­tion of laws or poli­cies by the Govern­ment of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion or by the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment, which is likely to cause se­ri­ous con­se­quences;

(3) rig­ging or un­der­min­ing an elec­tion in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion, which is likely to cause se­ri­ous con­se­quences;

(4) im­pos­ing sanc­tions or block­ade, or en­gag­ing in other hos­tile ac­tiv­i­ties against the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion or the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China; or

(5) pro­vok­ing by un­law­ful means ha­tred among Hong Kong res­i­dents to­wards the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment or the Govern­ment of the Re­gion, which is likely to cause se­ri­ous con­se­quences.

A per­son who com­mits the of­fence shall be sen­tenced to fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not less than three years but not more than ten years; a per­son who com­mits an of­fence of a grave na­ture shall be sen­tenced to life im­pris­on­ment or fixed-term im­pris­on­ment of not less than ten years.

The in­sti­tu­tion, or­gan­i­sa­tion and in­di­vid­ual out­side the main­land, Hong Kong and Ma­cao of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China re­ferred to in the first para­graph of this Ar­ti­cle shall be con­victed and pun­ished for the same of­fence.

Ar­ti­cle 30 A per­son who con­spires with or di­rectly or in­di­rectly re­ceives in­struc­tions, con­trol, fund­ing or other kinds of sup­port from a for­eign coun­try or an in­sti­tu­tion, or­gan­i­sa­tion, or in­di­vid­ual out­side the main­land, Hong Kong and Ma­cao of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China to com­mit the of­fences un­der Ar­ti­cle 20 or 22 of this Law shall be li­able to a more se­vere penalty in ac­cor­dance with the pro­vi­sions therein re­spec­tively.

Part 5 Other Pro­vi­sions on Penalty Ar­ti­cle 31 An in­cor­po­rated or un­in­cor­po­rated body such as a com­pany or an or­gan­i­sa­tion which com­mits an of­fence un­der this Law shall be im­posed with a crim­i­nal fine.

The op­er­a­tion of an in­cor­po­rated or un­in­cor­po­rated body such as a com­pany or an or­gan­i­sa­tion shall be sus­pended or its li­cence or busi­ness per­mit shall be re­voked if the body has been pun­ished for com­mit­ting an of­fence un­der this Law.

Ar­ti­cle 32 Pro­ceeds ob­tained from the com­mis­sion of an of­fence un­der this Law in­clud­ing fi­nan­cial aid, gains and re­wards, and funds and tools used or in­tended to be used in the com­mis­sion of the of­fence shall be seized and con­fis­cated.

Ar­ti­cle 33 A lighter penalty may be im­posed, or the penalty may be re­duced or, in the case of a mi­nor of­fence, ex­empted, if an of­fender, crim­i­nal sus­pect, or de­fen­dant:

(1) in the process of com­mit­ting an of­fence, vol­un­tar­ily dis­con­tin­ues the com­mis­sion of the of­fence or vol­un­tar­ily and ef­fec­tively fore­stalls its con­se­quences;

(2) vol­un­tar­ily sur­ren­ders him­self or her­self and gives a truth­ful ac­count of the of­fence; or

(3) re­ports on the of­fence com­mit­ted by other per­son, which is ver­i­fied to be true, or pro­vides ma­te­rial in­for­ma­tion which as­sists in solv­ing other crim­i­nal case.

Sub-para­graph (2) of the pre­ced­ing para­graph shall ap­ply to a crim­i­nal sus­pect or de­fen­dant who is sub­jected to manda­tory mea­sures and pro­vides a truth­ful ac­count of other of­fences com­mit­ted by him or her un­der this Law which are un­known to the law en­force­ment or ju­di­cial au­thor­i­ties.

Ar­ti­cle 34 A per­son who is not a per­ma­nent res­i­dent of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion may be sub­ject to de­por­ta­tion as the sole or an ad­di­tional pu­n­ish­ment if he or she com­mits an of­fence un­der this Law.

A per­son who is not a per­ma­nent res­i­dent of the Re­gion may be sub­ject to de­por­ta­tion if he or she con­tra­venes the pro­vi­sions of this Law but is not pros­e­cuted for any rea­son.

Ar­ti­cle 35 A per­son who is con­victed of an of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity by a court shall be dis­qual­i­fied from stand­ing as a can­di­date in the elec­tions of the Leg­isla­tive Coun­cil and district coun­cils of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion, hold­ing any pub­lic of­fice in the Re­gion, or serv­ing as a mem­ber of the Elec­tion Com­mit­tee for elect­ing the Chief Ex­ec­u­tive. If a per­son so con­victed is a

mem­ber of the Leg­isla­tive Coun­cil, a govern­ment of­fi­cial, a pub­lic ser­vant, a mem­ber of the Ex­ec­u­tive Coun­cil, a judge or a ju­di­cial officer, or a mem­ber of the district coun­cils, who has taken an oath or made a dec­la­ra­tion to up­hold the Ba­sic Law of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China and swear al­le­giance to the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, he or she shall be re­moved from his or her of­fice upon con­vic­tion, and shall be dis­qual­i­fied from stand­ing for the afore­men­tioned elec­tions or from hold­ing any of the afore­men­tioned posts.

The dis­qual­i­fi­ca­tion and re­moval from of­fices re­ferred to in the pre­ced­ing para­graph shall be an­nounced by the au­thor­i­ties re­spon­si­ble for organising and managing the rel­e­vant elec­tions or for the ap­point­ment and re­moval of hold­ers of pub­lic of­fice.

Part 6 Scope of Ap­pli­ca­tion

Ar­ti­cle 36 This Law shall ap­ply to of­fences un­der this Law which are com­mit­ted in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion by any per­son. An of­fence shall be deemed to have been com­mit­ted in the Re­gion if an act con­sti­tut­ing the of­fence or the con­se­quence of the of­fence oc­curs in the Re­gion.

This Law shall also ap­ply to of­fences un­der this Law com­mit­ted on board a ves­sel or air­craft regis­tered in the Re­gion.

Ar­ti­cle 37 This Law shall ap­ply to a per­son who is a per­ma­nent res­i­dent of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion or an in­cor­po­rated or un­in­cor­po­rated body such as a com­pany or an or­gan­i­sa­tion which is set up in the Re­gion if the per­son or the body com­mits an of­fence un­der this Law out­side the Re­gion.

Ar­ti­cle 38 This Law shall ap­ply to of­fences un­der this Law com­mit­ted against the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion from out­side the Re­gion by a per­son who is not a per­ma­nent res­i­dent of the Re­gion.

Ar­ti­cle 39 This Law shall ap­ply to acts com­mit­ted after its en­try into force for the pur­pose of con­vic­tion and im­po­si­tion of pu­n­ish­ment.

Chap­ter IV

Ju­ris­dic­tion, Ap­pli­ca­ble Law and Pro­ce­dure

Ar­ti­cle 40 The Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall have ju­ris­dic­tion over cases con­cern­ing of­fences un­der this Law, ex­cept un­der the cir­cum­stances spec­i­fied in Ar­ti­cle 55 of this Law.

Ar­ti­cle 41 This Law and the laws of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall ap­ply to pro­ce­dural mat­ters, in­clud­ing those re­lated to crim­i­nal in­ves­ti­ga­tion, pros­e­cu­tion, trial, and ex­e­cu­tion of penalty, in re­spect of cases con­cern­ing of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity over which the Re­gion ex­er­cises ju­ris­dic­tion.

No pros­e­cu­tion shall be in­sti­tuted in re­spect of an of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity with­out the writ­ten con­sent of the Sec­re­tary for Jus­tice. This pro­vi­sion shall not prej­u­dice the ar­rest and detention of a per­son who is sus­pected of hav­ing com­mit­ted the of­fence or the ap­pli­ca­tion for bail by the per­son in ac­cor­dance with the law.

Cases con­cern­ing of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity within the ju­ris­dic­tion of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall be tried on in­dict­ment.

The trial shall be con­ducted in an open court. When cir­cum­stances arise such as the trial in­volv­ing State se­crets or pub­lic or­der, all or part of the trial shall be closed to the me­dia and the pub­lic but the judg­ment shall be de­liv­ered in an open court.

Ar­ti­cle 42 When ap­ply­ing the laws in force in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion con­cern­ing mat­ters such as the detention and time limit for trial, the law en­force­ment and ju­di­cial au­thor­i­ties of the Re­gion shall en­sure that cases con­cern­ing of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity are han­dled in a fair and timely man­ner so as to ef­fec­tively pre­vent, sup­press and im­pose pu­n­ish­ment for such of­fence.

No bail shall be granted to a crim­i­nal sus­pect or de­fen­dant un­less the judge has suf­fi­cient grounds for be­liev­ing that the crim­i­nal sus­pect or de­fen­dant will not con­tinue to com­mit acts en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity.

Ar­ti­cle 43 When han­dling cases con­cern­ing of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity, the depart­ment for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity of the Po­lice Force of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion may take mea­sures that law en­force­ment au­thor­i­ties, in­clud­ing the Hong Kong Po­lice Force, are al­lowed to ap­ply un­der the laws in force in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion in in­ves­ti­gat­ing se­ri­ous crimes, and may also take the fol­low­ing mea­sures:

(1) search of premises, ve­hi­cles, ves­sels, air­craft and other rel­e­vant places and elec­tronic de­vices that may con­tain ev­i­dence of an of­fence;

(2) or­der­ing any per­son sus­pected of hav­ing com­mit­ted an of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity to sur­ren­der travel doc­u­ments, or pro­hibit­ing the per­son con­cerned from leav­ing the Re­gion;

(3) freez­ing of, ap­ply­ing for re­straint or­der, charg­ing or­der and con­fis­ca­tion or­der in re­spect of, and for­fei­ture of prop­erty used or in­tended to be used for the com­mis­sion of the of­fence, pro­ceeds of crime, or other prop­erty re­lat­ing to the com­mis­sion of the of­fence;

(4) re­quir­ing a per­son who pub­lished in­for­ma­tion or the rel­e­vant ser­vice provider to delete the in­for­ma­tion or pro­vide as­sis­tance;

(5) re­quir­ing a po­lit­i­cal or­gan­i­sa­tion of a for­eign coun­try or out­side the main­land, Hong Kong and Ma­cao of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, or an agent of au­thor­i­ties or a po­lit­i­cal or­gan­i­sa­tion of a for­eign coun­try or out­side the main­land, Hong Kong and Ma­cao of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, to pro­vide in­for­ma­tion;

(6) upon ap­proval of the Chief Ex­ec­u­tive, car­ry­ing out in­ter­cep­tion of com­mu­ni­ca­tions and con­duct­ing covert sur­veil­lance on a per­son who is sus­pected, on rea­son­able grounds, of hav­ing in­volved in the com­mis­sion of an of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity; and

(7) re­quir­ing a per­son, who is sus­pected, on rea­son­able grounds, of hav­ing in pos­ses­sion in­for­ma­tion or ma­te­rial rel­e­vant to in­ves­ti­ga­tion, to an­swer ques­tions and fur­nish such in­for­ma­tion or pro­duce such ma­te­rial.

The Com­mit­tee for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall be re­spon­si­ble for su­per­vis­ing the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the mea­sures stip­u­lated in the first para­graph of this Ar­ti­cle by law en­force­ment au­thor­i­ties in­clud­ing the depart­ment for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Po­lice Force.

The Chief Ex­ec­u­tive shall be au­tho­rised, in con­junc­tion with the Com­mit­tee for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion, to make rel­e­vant im­ple­men­ta­tion rules for the pur­pose of ap­ply­ing the mea­sures un­der the first para­graph of this Ar­ti­cle.

Ar­ti­cle 44 The Chief Ex­ec­u­tive shall des­ig­nate a num­ber of judges from the mag­is­trates, the judges of the District Court, the judges of the Court of First In­stance and the Court of Ap­peal of the High Court, and the judges of the Court of Fi­nal Ap­peal, and may also des­ig­nate a num­ber of judges from deputy judges or recorders, to han­dle cases con­cern­ing of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity. Be­fore mak­ing such des­ig­na­tion, the Chief Ex­ec­u­tive may con­sult the Com­mit­tee for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion and the Chief Jus­tice of the Court of Fi­nal Ap­peal. The term of of­fice of the afore­men­tioned des­ig­nated judges shall be one year.

A per­son shall not be des­ig­nated as a judge to ad­ju­di­cate a case con­cern­ing of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity if he or she has made any state­ment or be­haved in any man­ner en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity. A des­ig­nated judge shall be re­moved from the des­ig­na­tion list if he or she makes any state­ment or be­haves in any man­ner en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity dur­ing the term of of­fice.

The pro­ceed­ings in re­la­tion to the pros­e­cu­tion for of­fences en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity in the mag­is­trates’ courts, the District Court, the High Court and the Court of Fi­nal Ap­peal shall be han­dled by the des­ig­nated judges in the re­spec­tive courts.

Ar­ti­cle 45 Un­less oth­er­wise pro­vided by this Law, mag­is­trates’ courts, the District Court, the High Court and the Court of Fi­nal Ap­peal shall han­dle pro­ceed­ings in re­la­tion to the pros­e­cu­tion for of­fences en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity in ac­cor­dance with the laws of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion.

Ar­ti­cle 46 In crim­i­nal pro­ceed­ings in the Court of First In­stance of the High Court con­cern­ing of­fences en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity, the Sec­re­tary for Jus­tice may is­sue a cer­tifi­cate di­rect­ing that the case shall be tried with­out a jury on the grounds of, among oth­ers, the pro­tec­tion of State se­crets, in­volve­ment of for­eign fac­tors in the case, and the pro­tec­tion of per­sonal safety of ju­rors and their fam­ily mem­bers. Where the Sec­re­tary for Jus­tice has is­sued the cer­tifi­cate, the case shall be tried in the Court of First In­stance with­out a jury by a panel of three judges.

Where the Sec­re­tary for Jus­tice has is­sued the cer­tifi­cate, the ref­er­ence to “a jury” or “a ver­dict of the jury” in any pro­vi­sion of the laws of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion ap­pli­ca­ble to the re­lated pro­ceed­ings shall be con­strued as re­fer­ring to the judges or the func­tions of the judge as a judge of fact.

Ar­ti­cle 47 The courts of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall ob­tain a cer­tifi­cate from the Chief Ex­ec­u­tive to cer­tify whether an act in­volves na­tional se­cu­rity or whether the rel­e­vant ev­i­dence in­volves State se­crets when such ques­tions arise in the ad­ju­di­ca­tion of a case. The cer­tifi­cate shall be bind­ing on the courts.

na­tional se­cu­rity and ex­er­cise rel­e­vant pow­ers in ac­cor­dance with the law.

The staff of the Of­fice shall be jointly dis­patched by rel­e­vant na­tional se­cu­rity au­thor­i­ties un­der the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment.

Ar­ti­cle 49 The Of­fice for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall per­form the fol­low­ing man­date:

(1) analysing and as­sess­ing devel­op­ments in re­la­tion to safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion, and pro­vid­ing opin­ions and mak­ing pro­pos­als on ma­jor strate­gies and im­por­tant poli­cies for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity;

(2) over­see­ing, guid­ing, co­or­di­nat­ing with, and pro­vid­ing sup­port to the Re­gion in the per­for­mance of its du­ties for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity;

(3) col­lect­ing and analysing in­tel­li­gence and in­for­ma­tion con­cern­ing na­tional se­cu­rity; and

(4) han­dling cases con­cern­ing of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity in ac­cor­dance with the law.

Ar­ti­cle 50 The Of­fice for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall per­form its man­date in strict com­pli­ance with the law and be sub­ject to su­per­vi­sion in ac­cor­dance with the law. It shall not in­fringe upon the law­ful rights and in­ter­ests of any in­di­vid­ual or or­gan­i­sa­tion.

The staff of the Of­fice shall abide by the laws of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion as well as na­tional laws.

The staff of the Of­fice shall be sub­ject to the su­per­vi­sion of the na­tional su­per­vi­sory au­thor­i­ties in ac­cor­dance with the law.

Ar­ti­cle 51 The Of­fice for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall be funded by the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment.

Ar­ti­cle 52 The Of­fice for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall strengthen work­ing re­la­tions and co­op­er­a­tion with the Li­ai­son Of­fice of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion, the Of­fice of the Com­mis­sioner of the Min­istry of For­eign Af­fairs in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion, and the Hong Kong Gar­ri­son of the Chi­nese Peo­ple’s Lib­er­a­tion Army.

Ar­ti­cle 53 The Of­fice for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall es­tab­lish a mech­a­nism of co­or­di­na­tion with the Com­mit­tee for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion to over­see and pro­vide guid­ance on the work of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity.

The work­ing de­part­ments of the Of­fice shall es­tab­lish mech­a­nisms for col­lab­o­ra­tion with the rel­e­vant au­thor­i­ties of the Re­gion re­spon­si­ble for safe­guard­ing na­tional se­cu­rity to en­hance in­for­ma­tion shar­ing and op­er­a­tions co­or­di­na­tion.

Ar­ti­cle 54 The Of­fice for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion and the Of­fice of the Com­mis­sioner of the Min­istry of For­eign Af­fairs in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall, to­gether with the Govern­ment of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion, take nec­es­sary mea­sures to strengthen the man­age­ment of and ser­vices for or­gans of for­eign coun­tries and in­ter­na­tional or­gan­i­sa­tions in the Re­gion, as well as non­govern­men­tal or­gan­i­sa­tions and news agen­cies of for­eign coun­tries and from out­side the main­land, Hong Kong, and Ma­cao of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China in the Re­gion.

Ar­ti­cle 55 The Of­fice for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall, upon ap­proval by the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment of a re­quest made by the Govern­ment of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion or by the Of­fice it­self, ex­er­cise ju­ris­dic­tion over a case con­cern­ing of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity un­der this Law, if:

(1) the case is com­plex due to the in­volve­ment of a for­eign coun­try or ex­ter­nal el­e­ments, thus mak­ing it dif­fi­cult for the Re­gion to ex­er­cise ju­ris­dic­tion over the case;

(2) a se­ri­ous sit­u­a­tion oc­curs where the Govern­ment of the Re­gion is un­able to ef­fec­tively en­force this Law; or

(3) a ma­jor and im­mi­nent threat to na­tional se­cu­rity has oc­curred.

Ar­ti­cle 56 In ex­er­cis­ing ju­ris­dic­tion over a case con­cern­ing of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity pur­suant to Ar­ti­cle 55 of this Law, the Of­fice for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall ini­ti­ate in­ves­ti­ga­tion into the case, the Supreme Peo­ple’s Procu­ra­torate shall des­ig­nate a pros­e­cut­ing body to pros­e­cute it, and the Supreme Peo­ple’s Court shall des­ig­nate a court to ad­ju­di­cate it.

Ar­ti­cle 57 The Crim­i­nal Pro­ce­dure Law of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China and other re­lated na­tional laws shall ap­ply to pro­ce­dural mat­ters, in­clud­ing those re­lated to

crim­i­nal in­ves­ti­ga­tion, ex­am­i­na­tion and pros­e­cu­tion, trial, and ex­e­cu­tion of penalty, in re­spect of cases over which ju­ris­dic­tion is ex­er­cised pur­suant to Ar­ti­cle 55 of this Law.

When ex­er­cis­ing ju­ris­dic­tion over cases pur­suant to Ar­ti­cle 55 of this Law, the law en­force­ment and ju­di­cial au­thor­i­ties re­ferred to in Ar­ti­cle 56 of this Law shall ex­er­cise pow­ers in ac­cor­dance with the law. The le­gal doc­u­ments is­sued by these au­thor­i­ties on their de­ci­sions to take manda­tory and in­ves­ti­ga­tion mea­sures and on their ju­di­cial de­ci­sions shall have le­gal force in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion. The in­sti­tu­tions, or­gan­i­sa­tions and in­di­vid­u­als con­cerned must com­ply with mea­sures taken by the Of­fice for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion in ac­cor­dance with the law.

Ar­ti­cle 58 In a case over which ju­ris­dic­tion is ex­er­cised pur­suant to Ar­ti­cle 55 of this Law, a crim­i­nal sus­pect shall have the right to re­tain a lawyer to rep­re­sent him or her from the day he or she first re­ceives in­quiry made by the Of­fice for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion or from the day a manda­tory mea­sure is taken against him or her. A de­fence lawyer may pro­vide le­gal as­sis­tance to a crim­i­nal sus­pect or de­fen­dant in ac­cor­dance with the law.

A crim­i­nal sus­pect or de­fen­dant who is ar­rested in ac­cor­dance with the law shall be en­ti­tled to a fair trial be­fore a ju­di­cial body with­out un­due de­lay.

Ar­ti­cle 59 In a case over which ju­ris­dic­tion is ex­er­cised pur­suant to Ar­ti­cle 55 of this Law, any per­son who has in­for­ma­tion per­tain­ing to an of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity un­der this Law is obliged to tes­tify truth­fully.

Ar­ti­cle 60 The acts per­formed in the course of duty by the Of­fice for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion and its staff in ac­cor­dance with this Law shall not be sub­ject to the ju­ris­dic­tion of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion.

In the course of per­form­ing duty, a holder of an iden­ti­fi­ca­tion doc­u­ment or a doc­u­ment of cer­ti­fi­ca­tion is­sued by the Of­fice and the ar­ti­cles in­clud­ing ve­hi­cles used by the holder shall not be sub­ject to in­spec­tion, search or detention by law en­force­ment of­fi­cers of the Re­gion.

The Of­fice and its staff shall en­joy other rights and im­mu­ni­ties pro­vided by laws of the Re­gion.

Ar­ti­cle 61 The rel­e­vant de­part­ments of the Govern­ment of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion shall pro­vide nec­es­sary fa­cil­i­ta­tion and sup­port to the Of­fice for Safe­guard­ing Na­tional Se­cu­rity of the Cen­tral Peo­ple’s Govern­ment in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion in per­form­ing its man­date in ac­cor­dance with this Law, and shall stop any act ob­struct­ing the per­for­mance of such man­date and hold those who com­mit such act li­able in ac­cor­dance with the law.

Chap­ter VI

Sup­ple­men­tary Pro­vi­sions

Ar­ti­cle 62 This Law shall pre­vail where pro­vi­sions of the lo­cal laws of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion are in­con­sis­tent with this Law.

Ar­ti­cle 63 The law en­force­ment and ju­di­cial au­thor­i­ties and their staff who han­dle cases con­cern­ing of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity un­der this Law, or the law en­force­ment and ju­di­cial au­thor­i­ties of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion and their staff who han­dle other cases con­cern­ing of­fence en­dan­ger­ing na­tional se­cu­rity, shall keep con­fi­den­tial State se­crets, trade se­crets or per­sonal in­for­ma­tion which they come to know in the process of han­dling such cases.

A lawyer who serves as de­fence coun­sel or le­gal rep­re­sen­ta­tive shall keep con­fi­den­tial State se­crets, trade se­crets or per­sonal in­for­ma­tion which he or she comes to know in the prac­tice of law.

The rel­e­vant in­sti­tu­tions, or­gan­i­sa­tions and in­di­vid­u­als who as­sist with the han­dling of a case shall keep con­fi­den­tial any in­for­ma­tion per­tain­ing to the case.

Ar­ti­cle 64 In the ap­pli­ca­tion of this Law in the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion, the terms “fixed-term im­pris­on­ment”, “life im­pris­on­ment”, “con­fis­ca­tion of prop­erty” and “crim­i­nal fine” in this Law re­spec­tively mean “im­pris­on­ment”, “im­pris­on­ment for life”, “con­fis­ca­tion of pro­ceeds of crime” and “fine”; “short-term detention” shall be con­strued, with ref­er­ence to the rel­e­vant laws of the Re­gion, as “im­pris­on­ment”, “detention in a detention cen­tre” or “detention in a train­ing cen­tre”; “re­stric­tion” shall be con­strued, with ref­er­ence to the rel­e­vant laws of the Re­gion, as “com­mu­nity ser­vice” or “detention in a re­for­ma­tory school”; and “re­voke li­cence or busi­ness per­mit” means “re­voke reg­is­tra­tion or ex­emp­tion from reg­is­tra­tion, or re­voke li­cence” as pro­vided for in the rel­e­vant laws of the Re­gion.

Ar­ti­cle 65 The power of in­ter­pre­ta­tion of this Law shall be vested in the Stand­ing Com­mit­tee of the Na­tional Peo­ple’s Congress.

Ar­ti­cle 66 This Law shall come into force on the date of its pro­mul­ga­tion.

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