Hainan: Plans to develop started in 2015
youngest province and only provincial special economic zone that welcomes its 30th anniversary this month, created a model of scientific planning and development with Chinese socialist characteristics beginning in 2015 through piloting “integrated comprehensive planning” to promote reform of institutional mechanisms.
Designated by the central government as a provincial demonstration base for the reform, Hainan is promoting new development concepts that highlight creativeness, good coordination, green growth, opening-up and sharing of resources, which has effectively stimulated its economic vitality and put the province on track for fast growth.
The Comprehensive Plan of Hainan (2015-30), a blueprint for overall development and ecological environmental protection that won approval from the State Council, China’s Cabinet, late last year, will guide the island province to develop as a whole entity, said officials with the Hainan Provincial Planning Commission — which is the country’s only such provincial organ to fully engage in preparing, managing and supervising overall geographical planning. It was launched in June 2017.
The comprehensive plan coordinates Hainan’s six such plans — the plan for main government functional areas, the plan for ecological system protection control lines, the plan for urban and town development boundaries, the general plan for land utilization, the plan for forest protection and utilization and the plan for ocean functional areas.
For instance, more than 11,535 square kilometers of land, accounting for 33.5 percent of the province’s total land area, and another 35.1 percent of the offshore water areas have been drawn within the control lines to ensure ecological protection.
The plan also clarified the usage and ownership of about 721,000 pieces of land that were overlapped in usage based on plans drafted by different government departments. “By implementing integrated and comprehensive planning, we hope to realize a winwin situation in both ecological environmental protection and social and economic development,” said Liu Cigui, Hainan’s Party secretary.
Shen Xiaoming, Hainan’s governor, said the reform will help form a model of more reasonable resources distribution, which used to be decided by local leadership but now has the market playing a more decisive role.
“Under the general plan, commercial real estate projects are no longer allowed in the core ecological areas of the province, including cities and counties of Baisha, Wuzhishan and Baoting,” said Ding Shijiang, director of the Hainan Provincial Planning Commission.
Deng Xiaogang, director of Hainan’s provincial ecological environment protection department, said multi-planning has left Hainan’s ecological environment under pressure.
The reform is also bringing benefits to Hainan’s 12 pillar industries, including tourism, tropical feature high-efficiency agriculture, internet, medical tourism, exhibition and modern logistics, which created a total annual output value of 329.1 billion yuan last year, a growth of 10.1 percent year-onyear accounting for 73.7 percent of the provincial GDP, according to data from the provincial government.
Integrated planning will help Hainan better explore its three major advantages: its unique ecological environment, its role as country’s only provincial special economic zone and its development as an international tourism destination, Liu, the Party secretary, said.
A bullet train runs recently on the eastern track of the high-speed loop line near Lingshui Railway Station, Hainan province. The 653-km high-speed railway line circling the island opened in December 2015 and carried over 25 million passengers last year.
Women pick tea in August at a tea farm on Wuzhi Mountain, Hainan province.