Hainan: Plans to de­velop started in 2015

China Daily (Latin America Weekly) - - Top News -

youngest prov­ince and only provin­cial spe­cial eco­nomic zone that wel­comes its 30th an­niver­sary this month, cre­ated a model of sci­en­tific plan­ning and de­vel­op­ment with Chi­nese so­cial­ist char­ac­ter­is­tics be­gin­ning in 2015 through pi­lot­ing “in­te­grated com­pre­hen­sive plan­ning” to pro­mote re­form of in­sti­tu­tional mech­a­nisms.

Des­ig­nated by the cen­tral gov­ern­ment as a provin­cial demon­stra­tion base for the re­form, Hainan is pro­mot­ing new de­vel­op­ment con­cepts that highlight cre­ative­ness, good co­or­di­na­tion, green growth, open­ing-up and shar­ing of re­sources, which has ef­fec­tively stim­u­lated its eco­nomic vi­tal­ity and put the prov­ince on track for fast growth.

The Com­pre­hen­sive Plan of Hainan (2015-30), a blue­print for over­all de­vel­op­ment and eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­men­tal pro­tec­tion that won ap­proval from the State Coun­cil, China’s Cab­i­net, late last year, will guide the is­land prov­ince to de­velop as a whole en­tity, said of­fi­cials with the Hainan Provin­cial Plan­ning Com­mis­sion — which is the coun­try’s only such provin­cial or­gan to fully en­gage in pre­par­ing, man­ag­ing and su­per­vis­ing over­all ge­o­graph­i­cal plan­ning. It was launched in June 2017.

The com­pre­hen­sive plan co­or­di­nates Hainan’s six such plans — the plan for main gov­ern­ment func­tional ar­eas, the plan for eco­log­i­cal sys­tem pro­tec­tion con­trol lines, the plan for ur­ban and town de­vel­op­ment bound­aries, the gen­eral plan for land uti­liza­tion, the plan for for­est pro­tec­tion and uti­liza­tion and the plan for ocean func­tional ar­eas.

For in­stance, more than 11,535 square kilo­me­ters of land, ac­count­ing for 33.5 per­cent of the prov­ince’s to­tal land area, and another 35.1 per­cent of the off­shore wa­ter ar­eas have been drawn within the con­trol lines to en­sure eco­log­i­cal pro­tec­tion.

The plan also clar­i­fied the us­age and own­er­ship of about 721,000 pieces of land that were over­lapped in us­age based on plans drafted by dif­fer­ent gov­ern­ment de­part­ments. “By im­ple­ment­ing in­te­grated and com­pre­hen­sive plan­ning, we hope to re­al­ize a win­win sit­u­a­tion in both eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­men­tal pro­tec­tion and so­cial and eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment,” said Liu Cigui, Hainan’s Party sec­re­tary.

Shen Xiaom­ing, Hainan’s gov­er­nor, said the re­form will help form a model of more rea­son­able re­sources dis­tri­bu­tion, which used to be de­cided by lo­cal lead­er­ship but now has the mar­ket play­ing a more de­ci­sive role.

“Un­der the gen­eral plan, com­mer­cial real es­tate projects are no longer al­lowed in the core eco­log­i­cal ar­eas of the prov­ince, in­clud­ing cities and coun­ties of Baisha, Wuzhis­han and Baot­ing,” said Ding Shi­jiang, di­rec­tor of the Hainan Provin­cial Plan­ning Com­mis­sion.

Deng Xiao­gang, di­rec­tor of Hainan’s provin­cial eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment pro­tec­tion depart­ment, said multi-plan­ning has left Hainan’s eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment un­der pres­sure.

The re­form is also bring­ing ben­e­fits to Hainan’s 12 pil­lar in­dus­tries, in­clud­ing tourism, trop­i­cal fea­ture high-ef­fi­ciency agri­cul­ture, in­ter­net, med­i­cal tourism, ex­hi­bi­tion and mod­ern lo­gis­tics, which cre­ated a to­tal an­nual out­put value of 329.1 bil­lion yuan last year, a growth of 10.1 per­cent year-onyear ac­count­ing for 73.7 per­cent of the provin­cial GDP, ac­cord­ing to data from the provin­cial gov­ern­ment.

In­te­grated plan­ning will help Hainan bet­ter ex­plore its three ma­jor ad­van­tages: its unique eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment, its role as coun­try’s only provin­cial spe­cial eco­nomic zone and its de­vel­op­ment as an in­ter­na­tional tourism des­ti­na­tion, Liu, the Party sec­re­tary, said.

YANG GUANYU / XIN­HUA

A bul­let train runs re­cently on the east­ern track of the high-speed loop line near Ling­shui Rail­way Sta­tion, Hainan prov­ince. The 653-km high-speed rail­way line cir­cling the is­land opened in De­cem­ber 2015 and car­ried over 25 mil­lion pas­sen­gers last year.

ZHAO YINGQUAN / XIN­HUA

Women pick tea in Au­gust at a tea farm on Wuzhi Moun­tain, Hainan prov­ince.

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